Interview with Georgia Ledford, August 17, 1978


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 08-09-2009

Frontier Nursing Service Oral History Project
Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History
University of Kentucky

Frontier Nursing Service Oral History Project A/F006: 78OH151FNS11
University of Kentucky
Ledford, Georgia; Interviewee — Dale Deaton; Interviewer — Anne Campbell; Interviewee — Carol Crowe-Carraco; Interviewer
Members of Georgia Ledford’s family have served on the Clay County Committee of the FNS and have worked for the FNS in various capacities. Ledford recalls her association with Mary Breckinridge and details the activities of the nurse-midwives, commenting upon their effectiveness and the impact of the FNS in the local area. The interview also includes a discussion of handmade furniture.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . what I did may seem very silly to you, and if you don’t want to answer any of my questions, just say, . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . “I don’t want to answer.”

LEDFORD: All right.

CROWE-CARRACO: [Microphone interference] Today is August 17th, 1978. [Inaudible] sunny day. I’m talking to the secretary from one of the local FNS committees. Would you please tell me your name?

LEDFORD: Georgia Ledford.

CROWE-CARRACO: All right. Mrs. Ledford, if you don’t mind, may I ask if you were born here in Marcum, Kentucky or Clay County or . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, I was born in Clay County, but the post office then was Spring Creek, Kentucky.

CROWE-CARRACO: That’s pretty.

LEDFORD: Spring Creek is a pretty creek, lovely. Fact is my mom still lives there.



CROWE-CARRACO: Have you lived in this area all your life?

LEDFORD: Yes, practically, off and on.

CROWE-CARRACO: Would you mind telling me who your mother and father are?

LEDFORD: My mother is [Ollie?] Ledford and my father was Walter . . . I’m sorry, Ollie Mullins, and my father is . . . was Walter Mullins. He passed away, oh, about four years ago.

CROWE-CARRACO: All right. When did you first become aware of the FNS.?

LEDFORD: Oh, my goodness, the FNS has always been here. I was a little girl when they came, I think. I . . . I suppose my first memory of them was . . . well, two things maybe. One is when Miss [Mary] Willeford and, I guess, Miss [Gladys] Peacock lived in this little branch out here, just out the road from us now. It was . . . they called it “Buckingham Palace,” which my father-in-law, Dave Ledford, thought . . . he didn’t like that too well. But they really got along. I mean, you know, he thought, you know, let’s don’t put it down, after all! [Chuckle] And then the other occurrence was, we had 2:00spent the night with my grandmother [Dora Rowlett?] on Spring Creek, and when we went back home the next morning, which was . . . we lived in an old log house then. You know, it was just fantastic. To us it was kind of common place, but it was home and nice. And the nurses had stopped over and stayed overnight and my dad had gone early to feed the animals, and they were in the house. They had just made themselves at home, and they were trying to pound the coffee and they didn’t find the coffee mill. They probably didn’t know what the coffee mill was. So my dad helped out with breakfast. And I thought, “Well, my goodness.” You know, even hearing that mill . . . those days, why, they felt at home.

CROWE-CARRACO: Oh, very nice.

LEDFORD: I thought that it just turned out really good, . . .


LEDFORD: . . . that we kind of through the years have kept that in our minds, you know, and gotten so well acquainted.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you remember Mrs. Breckinridge as you were . . . when you were a . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . child?

LEDFORD: . . . yes. Yes. Miss Breckinridge, she would come to Flat 3:00Creek. They had what they called “rallies” in those days. Everybody came. There was hot chocolate for everybody, you know. Unless you had an unusual mother in those days, that was a treat. They made it in what they call lard cans. I don’t know if the . . . you’re familiar with them or not, but . . .


LEDFORD: . . . I’m sure everybody’s seem them that’s been in Kentucky.


LEDFORD: And there was a speech, . . .


LEDFORD: . . . you know.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . Mrs. Breckinridge make it or some local committee . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . member, or like . . .

LEDFORD: . . . we all . . . we all did it. I mean, mostly . . . right at that time probably I didn’t have such a hand in it, but later on when I was older, yeah. We’d have ’em at schools and somebody at school would . . . they’d get it going, they’d set it on a pot-bellied stove and heat it all up, and I think sometimes some of the supplies came from the nursing center, but community people took part.

CROWE-CARRACO: What . . . what was said at the rally, “We need the nurses,” or, “We need money,” or . . .

LEDFORD: No, we never needed [enough?] money in those days.

CROWE-CARRACO: “We need support?”

LEDFORD: I don’t recall. I don’t recall that we talked about money. I 4:00suppose that some of the things were said . . . they might have told about delivery a baby, and about inoculations and how good it was for the people. I think that had to be talked up a lot because that was all new. And I don’t think it was necessarily ’cause it was this area that it was new, I suppose that that was just the frontier of inoculations.

CROWE-CARRACO: Probably so. Do you remember mid-wives in your own day, . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . granny mid-wives?

LEDFORD: . . . sure. My grandmother [Dora Rowlett?] was fantastic. She delivered me.

CROWE-CARRACO: Oh, she did?

LEDFORD: Yeah! [Chuckle] So I came out okay, [chuckling] didn’t I?

CROWE-CARRACO: Did your grandmother, as a mid-wife, approve of the . . .

LEDFORD: Loved ’em.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . nurse mid-wives?

LEDFORD: Absolutely. She was . . . they . . . they took care of her. That was the best service I have ever seen, when my grandmother was in bed. She stayed at my mom’s, oh, about a year, because she got to the place where she wasn’t thinking really good and 5:00yet she knew, you know, what was going on, too. And she was eighty- four when she passed away. And Miss [Joy] Broomfield and another nurse would come every day. And I complimented them one day. We always tried to have coffee or cake or something. You know, that was a nice time for us, ’cause we were teenagers then, you know, and . . . well, the fact is I was married then. And I just thanked them one day so much for what they had done for my mom. And they said, . . . and for my grandmother, and they said, “It’s not us. It’s Ollie that’s doing all this.” And, of course, you know, I knew that they were doing a lot, too. Because she’d gotten to the place where she was just in bed, more like a child. But they always came.

CROWE-CARRACO: Very nice. And when . . .

LEDFORD: They were friends.

CROWE-CARRACO: They were friends. Peacock and Willeford were friends?

LEDFORD: Yeah, we knew them real well. Miss [Margaret] Tinline was one of the ones we really knew, though.

CROWE-CARRACO: Can you tell me about Christmas, say, at Flat Creek? Was there a party?

LEDFORD: Oh, there was a party, yeah. There was gifts. And children 6:00in the country probably never had those things before, you know, like clothing and toys. And it’s just a good memory. And, I mean, lots of those things helped out. I remember my youngest brother that was killed a few years ago, he got a toy train. [Chuckle–Crowe-Carraco] And, oh, boy, if you’ve never played with a toy train before, it was exciting.

CROWE-CARRACO: You were a child, I suppose, and when your father first became a committee member?

LEDFORD: Yes, I think so. Umhmm. My dad was a teacher, you know. He taught like forty-one and a half years. And that was just something he loved to do, go down there and do the paperwork.

CROWE-CARRACO: All right. Did you ever, as a child, go to any of the committee meetings, or were they something that a child did not go to?

LEDFORD: No, I think children were brought. I can’t remember going to 7:00a committee meeting. I can remember going, you know, when they’d have the big days of examinations and the shots and all that some people were awfully afraid of, and all the nurses had dogs in those days, you know. Of course, I think most country people did. I remember [chuckle] . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: You . . . so you remember the dental clinics and the tonsil . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . clinics and that . . .

LEDFORD: My . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . sort . . .

LEDFORD: . . . husband has fillings that was done in those days there yet.

CROWE-CARRACO: Probably better than the ones you . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . can get [chuckle] today.

LEDFORD: . . . they were fantastic. He did . . . it . . . of course, he has such good teeth, and I suppose that was one of the beginning of keeping them, don’t you guess?

CROWE-CARRACO: I would imagine so.

LEDFORD: Yeah. Umhmm.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you remember Mrs. Breckinridge at any of these clinics?

LEDFORD: Oh, sure. I remember one time she was there and we was having dinner. You must remember that the committee meetings . . . like I told the people at Red Bird the other night, I said, “You know, that was sort of an elite group in a way.” You didn’t go to make money. You 8:00went to have a good time and . . . and hear Miss Breckinridge and enjoy yourself and see the nursing center and, oh, it was just . . . and bring some food. And sometimes you didn’t even bring food, you know, it was there for you. Whereas now we probably carry in things more. Well, anyway, she was there one day and there was people that kind of used the centers, you know, for their own good sometimes. I guess that goes with most everything. But the nurse was very busy and I don’t believe she had time for–may I mention names?–. . .


LEDFORD: . . . time for Jim Smith, and we called him “Puny Jim.” He isn’t living right now. And . . . I mean, living now. So, anyway, she . . . she didn’t think she had time for Jim and she wondered if he couldn’t come back later. And Miss Breckinridge heard about it, and right down through the hall she went and she says, “Jim must have his medicine.” And Jim got his medicine. [Chucklee]

CROWE-CARRACO: What did Mrs. Breckinridge look like when you first remember her?

LEDFORD: What did she look like?

CROWE-CARRACO: Any striking . . .

LEDFORD: I suppose that . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . features you remember?

LEDFORD: . . . well, one of her striking features that you have to figure out in your own mind when I say this, that she wasn’t dressed up. I expected her to be dressed up. And I’m not saying by that she was dressed badly or poorly, not at all. But she was comfortable in what she wore. And I think maybe I have seen her dressed up one time. I admired her big laugh, and I thought she was always so intelligent. And when she talked to you, she . . . you were the person she was talking to at that time.

CROWE-CARRACO: You didn’t feel that she talked down to you as a child?

LEDFORD: Oh, no. Oh, never. Never. She was just one of those ladies that made you feel . . . she would always . . . if there was an older person come in the room and she . . . she herself was not 10:00young at that time, I remember, she would say, “Oh, come and have this chair now,” [chuckle] you know.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you remember her riding horseback at all or was she already crippled when . . . she broke her back in 1930 or ’31.

LEDFORD: I imagine that she rode a horse when she came to Flat Creek sometimes, but actually haven’t seen her on a horse. I don’t recall having seen her on her horse. But I’m sure that her horse was hitched out at the school when she’d come for some of the parties. I’m sure of that. Yeah, about what year was that, did you say, in ‘3-. . .

CROWE-CARRACO: About ’30 or ’31, I’m not . . . I don’t remember exactly.

LEDFORD: Well, in ’32 I would have been twelve, which . . . we’ll stop that little conversation right now.

CROWE-CARRACO: [Chuckle] See, I didn’t ask you when you were born when we talking!


CROWE-CARRACO: I . . . I guess I . . . see, since I never saw Mrs. Breckinridge–I was not over here in 1965–I have to kind of ask silly 11:00questions like what did she look like, if she had blue eyes or . . .

LEDFORD: Her eyes . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . gray eyes.

LEDFORD: . . . were gray. I think they were gray. And her cl-. . . complexion was smooth. And I think she had sort of a . . . oh, of a round face, and I think her cheeks sort of stood out. Not roly- poly, but just stood out. And she wore her hair short, which I’m sure was a convenience for her. Maybe a lot of women didn’t do it in those days, but to her it was becoming.

CROWE-CARRACO: I see. Do you remember if she ever told you stories about the giant killers?

LEDFORD: Oh, she told those. Yes.

CROWE-CARRACO: What kind of . . . I don’t understand exactly. What was a giant killer story?

LEDFORD: A giant killer story? This was this big giant that always came around, but he was friendly, if I remember correctly. By the way, there is a story in the Reader’s Digest that . . . it’s ab-. . . it’s, oh, I don’t know, four or five years ago, and it’s about this 12:00giant that comes into this garden. It’s a fantastic story and they were something on that order. Now, I don’t think I can tell you too much more about this. I believe that there was a lady . . . now, if this lady was here, Jeanetta Bowling, she could probably . . . she’s an old school teacher and she’s like, oh, eighty-seven now, and I believe she’s in Louisville, Kentucky, maybe, with one of her children right now. She could probably recall every one of the words that was spoken.

CROWE-CARRACO: I see. Well, in these stories, were there . . . were they scary and then had . . . then had a happy ending or . . .

LEDFORD: Yes. Uh-huh.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . something like that?

LEDFORD: And the children were just enthralled. They’d just sit there with mouths open and eyes big. She could really get your attention. There was no noise when those were being told.


LEDFORD: She’d say, “Gather around, we’re gonna tell a story.” And we . . . when we were older, we loved ’em, too, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: I was . . .

LEDFORD: . . . you know.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . going to ask, did any of the adults ever . . .

LEDFORD: You better believe it.


LEDFORD: They were there. Yes.

CROWE-CARRACO: Was this done after the meal or after the committee meeting or . . .

LEDFORD: Yeah. And after . . . when we had the parties, you know, like when the cocoa and things were served, then they would tell a story. Everybody was comfortable and warm, and she’d tell the stories.

CROWE-CARRACO: I see. Which of the nurses do you remember besides Peacock and Willeford from your youth?

LEDFORD: Well, Miss Stevens was more . . . Joy Stevens was later in my day, and she was such a fantastic person that I guess that’s why I remember her, because my step-grandfather had a stroke and she . . . I noticed what care she took of him. She knew exactly what to do. Keep him warm, you know, and all that. And then Clara Bowling, the postmistress at Flat Creek, had a stroke and she overcame it, and I’m sure that was from Miss Stevens’ care. Now, who else do I remember? Of course, Miss Tinline, Miss Broomfield. Miss [Ruth Peninger] Penny, who 14:00delivered my oldest child, Mary Lee, that lives in Naples, Florida now.

CROWE-CARRACO: I was going to ask you, did you have your babies at home or . . .

LEDFORD: Just the one. Yeah. And it turned out just fine.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you remember what the midwifery fee was when your oldest one was born?

LEDFORD: It seems to me like it might have been two dollars. Five dollars?

CROWE-CARRACO: And it . . . so that included all that prenatal care and then the . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, sure. And then she came back the next day, you know, for how many days? I don’t know what . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Ten probably.

LEDFORD: . . . ten or fourteen.

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah, quite a long period of time.

LEDFORD: Can you imagine doing that? Just coming and being so patient, you know, and putting the clothes on the baby and, oh!

CROWE-CARRACO: Did you have your other babies at . . . at the hospital in Hyden or . . .

LEDFORD: No, I . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . [inaudible]?

LEDFORD: . . . wasn’t living here when my next child was born. We were living in . . . in Hazard. And then the next one we were 15:00living in Cincinnati. And then the next one, we had moved back here, and I was older then so you, more or less, went into the hospital. . . the nurses sent you. You didn’t have too many home deliveries. So my husband was . . . had been hired to work at Red Bird Mission Hospital, so that’s where we . . . Mark was born.


LEDFORD: Yeah. Fact is today is his birthday. He’s seventeen.

CROWE-CARRACO: Is this the one that’s coming home for dinner in a . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . few minutes? Oh!

LEDFORD: Yeah, he goes to school at . . . at Clay County High. He’s a ball player there.


LEDFORD: This one here, [Jada?], is just now . . . she has a job at Good Samaritan Hospital in Lexington. She’s . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Oh, “Good . . .”

LEDFORD: . . . a nurse there.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . “Sam”, huh?



LEDFORD: She’s real happy there.

CROWE-CARRACO: My husband went to law school in Lexington and . . .

LEDFORD: Really?

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . in fact, coming to Bowling Green, he is missing Lexington so much.

LEDFORD: Lexington’s a nice town.

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah, Lexington’s a fun town. [Microphone interference] also [inaudible] when did you did you first become active in the committee, the Flat Creek committee, or have you always been, or is this just part of your life?

LEDFORD: I guess it’s just part of my life. I guess we . . . my father-in-law and mother-in-law were committee members, and my dad and mom, and . . . and then when we had been gone a while and moved back, we just sort of went into it. Like I would go help serve, you know, when the committee was there, you know, and help with the dinners.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you feel like in the . . . in the older days, maybe when your father was . . . well, you said your father’s only been dead four years. Let’s say . . . let’s say in the ’30s, do you think the committee had a great deal to say about what was going on, or was the committee meeting a social affair?

LEDFORD: Partly social and partly what was going on because, you see, the committee . . . if there was a road to be fixed into the center, . . .


LEDFORD: . . . like [Carlo Wagers ?], Dennis [Bray ?], Walter Mullins, [Bascom ?] Bowling–I can name right on and on– Henry 17:00Ledford, John H. Sizemore [chuckle], they saw to seeing the right people, getting the lumber there, calling what you called “a working”, you know, and just had people there. And then the ladies cooked the meal and they’d come in and do that job, fix the fence, paint, any number of things. I think it was both.

CROWE-CARRACO: Think it was both.

LEDFORD: Yeah, I think it was both.

CROWE-CARRACO: What about now? Tell me about the committee now, 1978. Who was your chairman here at Flat Creek?

LEDFORD: Lester Langdon. Umhmm.

CROWE-CARRACO: And you were the secretary.


CROWE-CARRACO: What about a treasurer?

LEDFORD: Bonnie Smallwood. She lives at Mud Lick. And if all works out, they’re gonna have one clinic day a week at Sand Hill. Well, Sand Hill or Mud Lick, they’re both the same. They have different names. And when I started teaching up there I had to sort that out. But it’s . . . it’s the same place. Bonnie was our treasurer. The committee 18:00is in a little different situation than they used to be. See, money’s got short because of what? Well, we’ll say inflation, that dear little word? So the committee took on a different . . . hmm, what would you say?

CROWE-CARRACO: Position, attitude or whatever.

LEDFORD: Yeah, and that went in with it, that’s for sure, when we discuss monies. We had to start making money, or thought we did, to keep Flat Creek here. And, of course, Shamrock Coal Company, are you aware that they give a good bit of money?

CROWE-CARRACO: No, I was not.

LEDFORD: Shamrock Coal Company is one of the bigger coal companies in the United States, and they operate just south of here, Flat Creek.

CROWE-CARRACO: Is it surface mining or underground?

LEDFORD: Underground. Fantastic. Yeah, people were disturbed about that. But still and all . . . I mean, when it first came in. You know, you’ve got your beautiful country, you don’t want it messed up. But they give a good bit of monies to Flat Creek and to the church up 19:00here, and they wanted it all used in the community. Which, when they gave the first check–I don’t know what it was, like five thousand dollars–they didn’t stipulate Flat Creek Center only, which had to be turned into the main fund. That’s natural. Some people were disturbed about that. I think especially those that didn’t understand that how, sometimes you make a check, you know, and then you . . . you don’t change it or it can’t be changed. But anyway, after that then they put their monies to where it . . . you know, they wanted it to go. But we had to do things like rummage sales, bake sales, country sings, and actually we didn’t do bad. And so that’s the difference in the committee.

CROWE-CARRACO: All right. What do you mean you didn’t do bad? Did you . . . did you raise five thousand dollars to . . .

LEDFORD: No. No, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . match the Shamrock or . . .

LEDFORD: . . . we couldn’t do that. No, Shamrock’s not what you call a poor company. I’m sure they could give us twice . . . three times that much. They put their monies other places, too. They . . 20:00. they did . . . like Flat Creek Church maybe got three thousand at one time. Well, if Flat Creek Church hadn’t have been here which, thank goodness, it is, we would have probably got eight thousand, you know what I mean?

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah. Why do you think . . . what happened at Flat Creek? Why was there the need to close it? No patients, no money to keep it going, a combination, or . . .

LEDFORD: Well, yeah, that’s . . . that’s why, but back of that, the reason for no patients and no money . . . well, if you don’t have patients, you don’t have money. But, see, the roads has changed everything. And then Manchester has a nice hospital, Red Bird has a nice hospital, Hyden has a new hospital, and whether you’re sent out from the centers or not, I’m sure lots of people go into Hyden to the hospital. So that’s three hospitals surrounding us here. And we don’t have as big a committee . . . a community as Red Bird. I think they have, oh, like maybe three times as many people as we do.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do people over here in the Flat Creek community do like they do in Bowling Green, they won’t go to the doctor and they go into the emergency room at the hospital? Or they won’t go to the nurse, they go to the emergency room of the . . .

LEDFORD: They’re . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . the hos-. . .

LEDFORD: . . . learning that. You know why, though, don’t you? It saves time.


LEDFORD: And if you’ve got money or lots of medical . . .


LEDFORD: . . . cards to cover this, that is one thing that has hurt the FNS here in our area right here, is the . . . not . . . well, it didn’t cover . . . the medical cards and Medicare, it wasn’t covered for a long time. Now, how that is worked, I don’t know, because we talk about that a lot, but I never went into that with detail because I don’t work with that sort of thing, and I just don’t know exactly how that works. Probably you do or maybe somebody in a hospital . . .


LEDFORD: . . . that takes care of those records could tell you 22:00exactly. But that hurt us a lot. Umhmm.

CROWE-CARRACO: Did it hurt . . . was there a great deal of community feeling about closing Flat Creek?

LEDFORD: Absolutely. I myself, I just thought, “Oh, I can’t live.” It’s just like losing a good friend. And I . . . I just get really attached to people and things, and . . . and it was very emotional for me. Fact is, I asked Dr. Beasley the other night at Red Bird after the meeting was over, I said, “C-. . . did you notice anything Dr. Beasley, that I was different?” And he said, “No, Georgia, you did real well.” I said, “Well, thank goodness for that.” [Chuckle] Yeah, sure, people didn’t want to give it up. And, you know, if you’ve ever been to one of our centers, it’s just a fantastic place to live and go and visit.


LEDFORD: You know, it’s a landmark.

CROWE-CARRACO: What do you think will happen to the building per se? Do you . . . will it be preserved as a historical landmark? I . . . I can’t remember exactly how old it is, but I’d say forty- five years at least.

LEDFORD: I think. Yeah. I don’t know. There has been talk of selling 23:00it. I would hope that if it was sold, there would be a stipulation in the contract someway that, you know, it wouldn’t be changed drastically.

CROWE-CARRACO: Who owns the center, the FNS or the community?

LEDFORD: The FNS. It was given by . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Is this the Caroline . . .

LEDFORD: Atwood.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . Atwood Butler or . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . Caroline Atwood Butler, Butler Atwood, . . .

LEDFORD: Yeah. This lady gave this. Fact is, her niece . . . or who was it? I don’t know if it was her niece or her herself came to Flat Creek and we had a meeting. I believe it was her, if I remember correctly. Naturally she would want to see what she’d invested her money in, wouldn’t she?

CROWE-CARRACO: Yes, of course.

LEDFORD: And I think she was impressed. Because, you know, you’re just back there in that beautiful clearing and . . . and it’s peaceful and quiet. And the center is rustic and it . . . it . . . it’s 24:00just exactly what you need in the mountains. I think, you know, like you’re sitting in our house now and our house is . . . everybody says our house is odd, and I think it is, too. But I think if I were building it again I’d probably put rough . . . more rough boards and things in it. Once those are painted, you don’t have all the upkeep. And Flat Creek is just unique. It’s just beautiful. I think it’s the prettiest one.

CROWE-CARRACO: Well, I haven’t ever been to Flat Creek. I’ve been to Red Bird . . .

LEDFORD: You can’t go . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . and Beech Fork?

LEDFORD: . . . while you’re here?

CROWE-CARRACO: I’ll try to, yes.

LEDFORD: Oh, my goodness, you must go. You’ve got to see the old- fashioned chairs that this lady, Lula Hoskins, made by hand. My goodness, the strips of, you know, bark in the seat is about an inch. Oh, it’s . . . it’s just beautiful. It is one of the prettiest centers. And it’s just surrounded by trees.

CROWE-CARRACO: Why were you, as a community, willing to let it go? You couldn’t . . . couldn’t dig up any more patients, shall we say, or whatever?

LEDFORD: We worked on that. I prob-. . . we probably didn’t work hard enough. I think that Dr. Beasley and Ron [Hart] . . . admire 25:00them both. Dr. Beasley’s a friend of ours rather than just somebody you talk business with. And we’ve learned to know Ron and really appreciate what he’s doing. But, you know, if this . . . if we’re losing money and the whole FNS is gonna be broke then, I mean, bankrupt. We’re using . . . or so we’re told, that we using reserve funds and our . . . all our endowments, I mean why not say I’ll let this center go, as dear as it is to me, so we can preserve some of the good nursing care that we’re getting. And since Red Bird was larger, had more people, and most of Flat Creek and Mud Lick are willing to work with the Red Bird people, why not go down there? I don’t think you can be selfish enough, or your heart could be hurt bad enough that you don’t get it over sometime, that you want that person over there to 26:00have a better . . . you know, that’s the way you had to think. If you didn’t think like that, why, I don’t think you would have gone to the committee meeting the other night. And I was very anxious to go. I wanted ’em to know that I was supporting them.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you think when the . . . what is there, a meeting in two weeks of . . . of the combined groups . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . for . . . for new officers, is this it, and . . .

LEDFORD: Well, it’s the s-. . . first Tuesday in September, right? Yeah, I believe that’s what I have on my calendar. I think the officers there are great, myself. They talked about changing the other night, but I told them . . . Lester couldn’t be there [inaudible], and I think he’d be very happy with Joe. I think Joe does a fantastic job and Glenna does a fantastic job. And since I have other work that I have to do at other meetings, I probably will just say, “Well, no, I don’t want to get into any writing deals right now. I have enough.”


LEDFORD: So we’ll just support them.

CROWE-CARRACO: Here at the Flat Creek community, how often did your committee meet? Did it meet monthly?

LEDFORD: We were meeting sometimes more than monthly since we got into this dire states of need, you know. But before that you h-. . . you had a special meeting called maybe once a year, and then you had your regular committee meeting once a year where you just really had a . . . made a big evening or a day out of it, you know.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you feel like that women have taken an active part in the . . . the committee meetings or have men always led them? Have you ever had a . . . a chairman who was a woman, for example?

LEDFORD: We never have, but I’m sure that any of us probably could have. Like Jeanetta Bowling and her husband, they were both teachers, and my mom’s not a teacher, but I’m pretty sure she could have done a fine job. And I don’t know that I recall a lady being chairman, but I think they could.

CROWE-CARRACO: But you don’t . . . and you don’t feel there was ever . . . nobody paid any attention to you because you were a woman? You were still allowed . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . to give you . . . say your . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, no. I think the women actually mostly spoke up as much or more than the men in the meetings.


LEDFORD: I was really pleased to see a lot of men at Red Bird, though. Now, you know, things have changed, like people have moved out or maybe some people have gotten older, some have passed away. We have always had really a lot of good men that helped at Flat Creek.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you yourself see any changes from the time that Mrs. Breckinridge died and . . . and “Brownie” [Helen Browne] took over, and then “Brownie” retired and Dr. Beasley took over? Has the Service continued pretty much on an even keel or ha-. . . has each of the directors given a . . . their own personal stamp to the Service? Or is that too hard a question to ask?

LEDFORD: I don’t know that there has been a change. I think all the nurses . . . m-. . . I’ll say most of the nurses that have been sent to our centers have been fantastic ladies. I think Tina Guy was one of our . . . I mean, you know, she really built this clinic up 29:00up here and had paying customers and all that. But each director, I think, has done their part. I think Miss Browne–of course, I know her really well ’cause my sister was the maid there- -she’s a fantastically intelligent lady. And Dr. Beasley is . . . he is just so . . . I’d say he’s like one of those smooth, nice characters, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah. [Chuckle]

LEDFORD: . . . you know? You just enjoy him. No, I think there . . . there’s not an awful lot of difference. I think the difference has been brought about more or less by the people and change of times, like inflation and . . . and moves. Not by . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: A change in . . .

LEDFORD: . . . no.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . administration.

LEDFORD: No, not the administration.

CROWE-CARRACO: Were you here when Mrs. Breckinridge died? Were you . . .

LEDFORD: I was at the funeral.

CROWE-CARRACO: In Lexington or . . .

LEDFORD: The . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . the Service here?

LEDFORD: . . . funeral here. The service here. No, not the . . . I guess that was more or less private there, wasn’t it?

CROWE-CARRACO: Got a cold . . . we’ve got a warm son, huh? Get that kid warm . . . cool. What was the . . . kind of . . . what was your feeling when heard that Mrs. Breckinridge died, a bit of sadness, an end of an era. or was . . .

LEDFORD: Well, I guess . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . it kind of a . . .

LEDFORD: . . . we just sort of wondered what was gonna happen. Yeah, it was sad. We just kind of felt like we’d lost a good friend. Yeah.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you remember the last time she . . . you saw her?

LEDFORD: I suppose the last time I saw her was at Flat Creek. She wasn’t well, you know, right there for a while and she wouldn’t stay very long because her back hurt. And Miss Lewis . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Miss Agnes, yes?

LEDFORD: . . . yeah, she . . . I think they came and went together some, and she would always go back a little early. Can you excuse me for a minute?

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah. LEDFORD: He isn’t coming till tomorrow night, so 31:00that’s a change in our lives. You have that also.

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah. Well, I don’t right now, but I will. Let me ask you just a few more things about Mrs. Breckinridge since . . .

LEDFORD: Umhmm. Sure.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . she is the main focus . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . of my attention. Do you remember any other stories that we haven’t talked about about her? Maybe I’ll tell you one and . . . and maybe that’ll start you thinking. I read a letter last night where . . .

LEDFORD: Well, we were . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . she . . . go ahead.

LEDFORD: . . . we were talking about her memorial at Hyden.


LEDFORD: It was in the high school auditorium. Probably you know all about this but, anyway, she had just the wild flowers. The request, I guess, was no flowers. Maybe two bouquets. But she had the philodendron or the mountain laurel on her casket . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Oh, I bet it was lovely.

LEDFORD: . . . which impressed me. And I thought, “My!” And she just 32:00wanted things that she loved there. Not a lot of things that you . . . people think you have to have. She was so down to earth. That was . . . what she probably did was just part of her.

CROWE-CARRACO: Did you ever go to Wendover? Have you . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, sure, I went to Wendover. Had supper there.

CROWE-CARRACO: In the dog-trot?

LEDFORD: Oh, it was nice. It was one of the nicest places. We went when Kenny was . . . he’s our ne-. . . he’s our oldest son, he’ll be thirty-one in–and he’ll kill me for this– in October, and we went for supper and took . . . that was our two oldest ones then, and we have these two, of course. And, you know, children were special, weren’t they, . . .


LEDFORD: . . . when they went there? They took ’em to see the horses, and, oh, it was just great. And we even had a committee meeting there once. Loads of people, everything served beautifully, and she saw that 33:00everything was done right, you know? Not necessarily on a big, we say, scale, but just everything was nice.

CROWE-CARRACO: Did you ever hear Leslie countians or Clay countians call Mrs. Breckinridge, “Mary”? Or was she always “Mrs. Breckinridge”?

LEDFORD: Well, I’m sure she was always “Miss Breckinridge”. She was . . . she was . . . and I don’t say that saying “Mary” wouldn’t be nice, but to h-. . . us she was so important it was “Mary” . . . “Miss Breckinridge.”

CROWE-CARRACO: What about the nurses? Were they always, “Miss So- and-so”?

LEDFORD: Absolutely. Umhmm. Umhmm.

CROWE-CARRACO: Was there much fraternization between the nurses? In other words, did the nurses date the local boys?

LEDFORD: No, there wasn’t. But there was a nurse from Big Creek . . . I mean Red Bird I believe married a boy from Big Creek, and I believe 34:00there was one from Flat Creek that was interested in a boy. Whether they married or not . . . and probably there’s more than that, you know. Fact is I believe somebody was saying something about another person had married a local boy down at Big Creek the other day. But personally I don’t know them. See, I only knew Miss Summers that was down there.

CROWE-CARRACO: That would be Vanda Summers?


CROWE-CARRACO: Could you describe her to me? I’ve never met her. I know she and “Brownie” lived together.

LEDFORD: Yeah. Well, Miss Summers was a nurse . . . was . . . she was Dr. [John H.] Kooser’s nurse, I believe, when my first child was born. And I know that we were having a little trouble with breastfeeding, and when I went over and Mary Lee had gained just so much of an ounce–I . . . I used to remember that, five- tenths or something–and she was as excited as I was. I think she got excited because I did, and she just had to bring me right out there to the jeep. [Chuckle–Crowe-Carraco] And she was those . . . that kind of lady, was enthusiastic. A very attractive lady.

CROWE-CARRACO: Blonde, brunette?

LEDFORD: No, brunette.


LEDFORD: Umhmm. Not tall tall, but rather tall. But speaking of “Brownie”, I think she’s . . . her eyes are what always impresses me so. And when my sister was home from St. Louis a few years ago, we went to Wendover to see “Brownie”. And we took a couple over, too, that was from . . . from Illinois. We was taking them to the places we thought would be interesting. And we took ’em over and they just couldn’t get over her just coming out and sitting down and talking to us. [Inaudible] [Chuckle]

CROWE-CARRACO: What about [Anne] MacKinnon? Did you know MacKinnon, or Anna Mae January?

LEDFORD: Miss January, yes, I surely did. I always thought she was such a lovely lady. What impressed me, she always remembered my first name. And I don’t think Georgia is all that easy to remember. And another 36:00lady I think is fantastic is Kate Ireland . . . two ladies, Miss [Betty] Lester.


LEDFORD: We were at Hyden the other night at a wake and, of course, the da-. . . the girl they had the wake for was one of Miss Lester’s babies, which was my second cousin. And we were talking, Miss Lester and I, because she’s coming back to my mom’s to eat dinner. And she had been there last year for chicken and dumplings and she . . . she wants that again, which makes me hungry. But anyway, I said, “You know, I think if we didn’t know you as well as we do, and took you for exact . . . your exact word,” I said, “I wouldn’t think you were your age.” She says, “I know that, Georgia.” I said, “Well, do you eat well?” “Sure do,” she said, and she started telling me what she ate. [Chuckle–Crowe-Carraco] She’s a lovely lady.

CROWE-CARRACO: I met Kate Ireland for the first time today.

LEDFORD: My niece works for her.

CROWE-CARRACO: Is she the lady in the house? Did I meet her today, too?

LEDFORD: No, I guess that she . . . she’s the secretary.

CROWE-CARRACO: No, I didn’t meet the . . . meet . . . I met the housekeeper, I think.

LEDFORD: Yeah, I did know her name, but I forget. It’s not Wooten, is it?

CROWE-CARRACO: No, I don’t think so.

LEDFORD: It’s not Mosley?

CROWE-CARRACO: That doesn’t sound right.


CROWE-CARRACO: Well, you . . . you’ve said all the nurses that you’ve mentioned were lovely ladies.


CROWE-CARRACO: Did you ever get any sourpusses? My goodness, sounds like you’ve done . . .

LEDFORD: No, I . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . very well.

LEDFORD: . . . haven’t run into that. But I have heard of some people saying, “I couldn’t get seen at certain hours,” and so forth, but I think what people forget sometimes that they are human, you know. And . . . and the nurses have . . . there is a change. See, used to, you never paid for anything much, and we were spoiled people, you understand? That was a free thing that Miss Breckinridge got going. You know, it was a charity thing. And . . . because she wanted the mountain women taken care of so bad. She saw such a need, and there was a need. But through the years there has been a change. People 38:00got to be more of . . . they just wanted a person that was on duty twenty- four hours a day. And now I hear talk of five days a week thing. So if we set this up at Red Bird in a better way . . . I’m not saying in a better way than we have had it, but it might be better for the nurses if they won’t be worked so hard, and will be better for the community if they can have like two nurses and possibly . . . Dr. Beasley says if it all goes well, could be that there would be three nurses down there some times, and naturally they could be able to give better service.

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah. I have wondered, if must have taken a very special sort of person to come here as a nurse.

LEDFORD: Absolutely.

CROWE-CARRACO: Because I have never heard anyone say that anyone was less than kind.


CROWE-CARRACO: Maybe you all are covering up and you don’t want to tell me somebody was a . . . just hateful or a sourpuss or hard to get along, or maybe they didn’t hire anybody who was like that.

LEDFORD: Well, I think when they hired them . . . I suppose Miss Breckinridge had that little talk with them that says, “Either you’re this kind of person or you don’t stay,” you know. I think she was almost that strong, and yet everybody admired her. And that was probably almost one of her rules. Now, that doesn’t mean that that nurse couldn’t get upset and probably would say, you know, “I have to take care of John before I can see you,” you know. But, yeah, I think that was probably . . . she probably had talked to ’em about this thing. See, something else I wanted to tell you that I can’t recall. Oh, yeah, I know what it was. See, the horses . . . in those days you were called out at night to deliver babies. Babies never picked the minute. And the father would go . . . the dad would go. And I think that was a rule, that you went to get them and you helped get them back home, you know. Because like Stevie [Joyce 40:00Stephens] and I were very good friends and she would come to eat with me, and she . . . her horse was named Rex, and she would mention him so often. When she went to England she would write me these letters and tell me what . . . it was just sort of she was over there but she was remembering here, and she wanted to stay here but her folks, I think, had become ill. Although she took time to work her way around the world [chuckle]. [Inaudible].

CROWE-CARRACO: What about Lydia Thompson? Did you know her, . . .

LEDFORD: No, I . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . too?

LEDFORD: . . . didn’t know her.


LEDFORD: But, anyway, she would say, “I would just give Rex his head and he would take me home at night.”

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you think that attracted you to the nurses as a child, the fact that they had the horses and the dogs, or did everybody have a horse and a dog?

LEDFORD: Oh, everybody had a horse and a dog, unless you were just so . . . so poor. My dad had a fantastic horse, and I remember that. I think what’s . . . was striking with this horse, though, I don’t know where he had picked him up, but evidently he had gotten a good . . . he called him part . . . his racehorse. And, yeah, I think 41:00the nurses had better looking horses maybe than some people, but maybe not either. ‘Cause I know my grandmother said they always kept two big horses to ride. And I think that was just a way of li-. . . life here. Yeah, and they had the mules, too, for plowing. You had your mules for plowing and your horses for riding, unless you just couldn’t afford them.

CROWE-CARRACO: Did you ever feel like . . . or did the people in the community feel like that the nurses had more than . . . the nurses were the “haves” while the community people were the “have nots”?

LEDFORD: No, I don’t . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Did you ever . . .

LEDFORD: . . . think so.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . find any jealousy of this type?

LEDFORD: No, I don’t think so. No.

CROWE-CARRACO: The nurses were willing to share then or . . .

LEDFORD: I think that most of the community people shared with the nurses because they respected ’em so after they learned ’em. And they knew they were here for the reason that they were. Naturally they had to get used to them. But still even then I don’t think that feeling was there at all, no.

CROWE-CARRACO: Did you find it hard to understand, say, the English 42:00nurses?

LEDFORD: No. No, I didn’t. I remember some English nurses coming to my father-in-law’s when he was a stroke patient in bed, and they said to him, “Where did you learn to speak like you do?” So, you know, after all you . . . you wouldn’t any trouble understanding people. No, I don’t think so. Now, if we’d had Spanish or some of those . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Well, see, I think [microphone interference] I meant by . . .

LEDFORD: Well, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . words that, you know, . . .

LEDFORD: . . . no, . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . maybe . . .

LEDFORD: . . . I don’t think . . . there was one incident that I recall, and I wasn’t around then. I hadn’t married into the Ledford family then. The nurses came by Mama Ledford’s. Her son, “Hamp” [John Hampton], used to wash the horses for them in the river. And the . . . the lady . . . the nurse, I don’t know which one it was now, asked Mama Ledford did she have rhubarb. And she says, “Well, I don’t have rhubarb. No, I don’t have any of it.” And she says, “Well, Ollie, I know you do. I see it out in the garden.” But Mama had always called 43:00it pie plant.


LEDFORD: See, that’s . . . that’s the country name for it. Well, you know, you . . . you don’t understand everything all the time, but I don’t think we ever had any trouble. I guess, you know, [End Tape #1, Side #1]

LEDFORD: …I was kind of fortunate because my dad, being a school teacher, you know, it made a little difference. Not a lot of difference, because we associated with everybody. But we have a girl that’s from Canada now staying with Mama Ledford here. She works at Red Bird hospital. She just uses different words. They mean a different thing and ours means a different thing, but we kind of talk that over. No, I wasn’t aware of that when I was growing up that we couldn’t understand ’em.

CROWE-CARRACO: Are there any Flat Creek stories that you’d like to see preserved in this oral history project, say?

LEDFORD: Flat Creek stories?

CROWE-CARRACO: Yes. Anything that is particularly Flat Creek. Is Flat Creek the one that was the prefabricated . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . clinic?

LEDFORD: Oh, prefabricated clinic.


LEDFORD: Let’s see.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . that Willeford and Peacock brought the lumber and . . . to build or . . .

LEDFORD: Flat Creek is where they were. I imagine so. Now, whether they moved to Red Bird or not, I don’t recall. I don’t remember that. Well, I don’t know. I know the nurses used to do things like having parties for young people. That’s not exactly a story, but we had a party there one night and we had . . . oh, let’s see, what is the game you play when you–and we’ve done it here already–you hide everything in different places . . .


LEDFORD: . . . and you have to go hunt. What are we thinking about?

CROWE-CARRACO: Treasure hunt or . . .

LEDFORD: It’s like a treasure hunt.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . scavenger hunt?

LEDFORD: Scavenger, right. Scavenger, that’s the word. And they just had this, it was fantastic. And we had . . . oh, I bet we had twenty-five young people. And it was just such a good time. We had games and we had lots of things to eat. And I suppose, you know, the nurses had different food than we had been used to. You know, they cooked different things, probably something strange. I can’t recall right now what it would be.

CROWE-CARRACO: What about tea? Did you ever have tea at Flat Creek?

LEDFORD: Oh, sure!

CROWE-CARRACO: Or you may have had tea as . . . in your family.

LEDFORD: Oh, yeah. We . . . we’re tea lovers. But I remember Miss Broomfield had gotten this . . . she had the regular loose tea from England and . . . and that was when I learned to take my tea kettle to the . . . pot to the tea kettle, not take the tea kettle to the pot. That way you kept it bubbly boiling. And, yeah, we had tea.


LEDFORD: It was . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . Nora Kelly . . . excuse me, go ahead.

LEDFORD: . . . no, the tea was stronger than I was used to, but it 46:00was good.

CROWE-CARRACO: And you drank it hot.

LEDFORD: We drank it hot. I . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: With cream in it?

LEDFORD: . . . still drink . . . I still drink it h-. . . I’ve changed the cream. That was [chamomile?] tea, wasn’t it? I’ve changed that. I . . . I don’t put cream in mine anymore. We had a friend that used to always have to have milk in his tea when he came to visit me. I finally got away from that.

CROWE-CARRACO: I like lemon better personally. [Chuckle]

LEDFORD: We use lemon now, but the tea . . . and that was what my children were brought up on, milk with tea and lots of sugar, you know, when we’d have a little tea party.

CROWE-CARRACO: Did Nora Kelly teach you to knit by chance, or did your mother?

LEDFORD: Both. We had knitting class when Nora was there. Umhmm. I . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: Tell me a little bit about Nora as a . . . as a nurse here.

LEDFORD: Nora was a person that if you didn’t know her, you would think she was short-voiced. You know, like sort of . . . not cross but she had a short cut off to her voice. But she was a fantastic nurse. She visited my dad when she came back from England, oh, and that’s 47:00been like ten years ago. And actually he . . . she hadn’t changed all that much.

CROWE-CARRACO: I can recognize her in the pictures.

LEDFORD: Do you? Umhmm.

CROWE-CARRACO: She’s going to Canada this fall.

LEDFORD: Oh, really? Umhmm.

CROWE-CARRACO: Maybe she’ll come down, but she says she won’t have time but . . .

LEDFORD: Oh, wouldn’t that be lovely. I’d like to see her again, take her up to see my mom. And Miss Tinline came, she visited my folks and my in-laws, and I’m sure a lot of other people in the community. Yeah, Nora had a fantastic knitting class. Just fantastic.

CROWE-CARRACO: Nora told me that people here would remember her. She was feisty. Do you [chuckle] remember her as feisty [chuckle]?

LEDFORD: Yeah, kind of feisty. Cut up a little bit. Said some of those things that you wouldn’t think ladies would say, but it was all sweet. [Chuckle] Oh, she and my dad could have long talks. She was one of those intelligent ladies that you wish you could just store a little bit of that up that she’d say, you know, and then you could go back and take it off the shelf and listen to it. She was nice.

CROWE-CARRACO: I did en-. . . I did enjoy meeting her, I must admit.

LEDFORD: I’m sure you did.

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah. Had a lovely time at her house.

LEDFORD: Yeah. What kind of house does she have, a nice house?

CROWE-CARRACO: She called it a bungalow, and it really didn’t have any steps, so it could be easier, kind of, to get in and out, I guess, in her old age. She and her sister Violet live together and I think their house has three bedrooms.

LEDFORD: Well, . . .


LEDFORD: . . . you know, Miss Stephens has bought a place.

CROWE-CARRACO: In the [Cotswolds?] . . .


CROWE-CARRACO: . . . in . . . in Gloucester.

LEDFORD: Right. This is her first home she’s ever owned, I think. And they said they were . . . I was just reading in the Bulletin, because my mom gets the Bulletin, and they were . . . she was setting trees until dark, they said. And this area at Flat Creek, you know, here is . . . here is the center. Back here’s a little garden, and here is the . . . you know, the yard, the driveway. And this whole yard . . . and it’s . . . it’s as big as that area out there, she had that all in different flowers in the summer. I mean 49:00that was just beautiful. She loves that. It was just fantastic. And I’m sure her place in England, I’ll bet it’s something.

CROWE-CARRACO: Kelly told me that once–and I don’t know if she was at Flat Creek, or if she was at Confluence–Mrs. Breckinridge came out and says, “Kelly, what’s wrong? It’s not pretty like an English garden. Plant some flowers.” [Chuckle–Ledford] And she said . . . she said, “I don’t know how.” And Mrs. Breckinridge said, “Learn.” [Chuckle]

LEDFORD: Learn. Right. That was probably her attitude. You learned what you didn’t know and you learned to, you know, improvise a lot probably.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you–and this is a question you may not want to answer–do you think in the early days the Frontier Nursing Service did too much for the local people? It robbed them of their independence?

LEDFORD: Oh, no, not of their independence. Surely not. The only thing I would think maybe too much that was done that might have bothered us at all, or hurt us at all, would be now that we’ve come up against inflation and not enough money, we had been so pampered from getting all this good care that it was hard for us to change there. No, I don’t think anything was ever taken away from people.

CROWE-CARRACO: I don’t know if you’re familiar with Harry Caudill.

LEDFORD: Oh, I know his book.

CROWE-CARRACO: All right. You know, this is one of the points that he makes in his book, that outsiders often times . . . the missionary influence, the coal companies, the timber companies, they, in a sense, exploited the people. They took away some of their ability to be independent, gave them too much, perhaps. And I wondered if you felt 51:00that the FNS had in any way been guilty of that, too?

LEDFORD: Not in this case. I think that was more of a helping hand. Now, I don’t think if come into somebody’s house and want them to change their furniture, or change the way they cook, or to change the way they wear their clothes just because you want ’em to, unless you have a good reason behind it, I think you’re doing absolutely wrong. Now, if he sees that side of some of those things, I think he has his right to that belief. But FNS, I can’t see that.

CROWE-CARRACO: Do you think the FNS still has an important mission? Well, I guess you do or you wouldn’t have gone in when . . . this idea of . . .

LEDFORD: Right. I . . . I think there has been a change, and I think if people . . . if we can get the people still to come into the clinics and keep what we have and maybe let it grow a little bit in this area, yeah, I think that they do have. I mean, just like up at Mud Lick. Now, when the nurse goes up there that day, there may 52:00be any number of people that couldn’t get out to Manchester, Red Bird, or whatever. And if she has the time, she’s gonna go into that home. And . . . and, you know, even if it’s just a bad wound that needs clearing out or whatever, clean it up. Sure, I think it is.

CROWE-CARRACO: I am pleased, personally, to see that the FNS seems to be em-. . . employing in, you know, the nurse practitioner or the mi-. . . nurse midwife capacity more Kentucky people as opposed to all outsiders.

LEDFORD: Well, you see, Carol, the thing . . . yeah. You see, what it is, those nurses are fantastic. I mean they have been trained to do so much. But the . . . the thing of it is, so many times here we have been taught, you know . . . the nurse took care of a lot. But then when the hospitals came in, people got to going to the doctor’s and somewhere along the way we think maybe the doctor is the one to 53:00say, “Well, do so-and-so,” and when in reality if you would get to that nurse right when you should, why, she can do so much for you, . . .


LEDFORD: . . . you know. And the people have to have . . . you know, get to believing in her and know that she can do this. So that is one of the things that’s so good about not moving the nurses from center to center. That has really hurt sometimes.

CROWE-CARRACO: The turnover, then.

LEDFORD: The turnover, yeah. See, each person has a different personality. You get used to a personality, why, you’re gonna either like or dislike. And maybe if you dislike sometime, you’re gonna learn to like. And that person is changed to another person, you’re gonna have to start all over again in your thinking along those lines.

CROWE-CARRACO: I know in the early days the contracts that the girls signed . . . the nurses signed were for two years, and I suppose really what you’re saying then is in two years, you really haven’t gained enough confidence or anything to . . .

LEDFORD: Well, you might have gained enough confidence, but if that’s broken when you have to leave there, you have a let-down.

CROWE-CARRACO: Yeah, and you have to start all over again.


CROWE-CARRACO: I see what you mean.


CROWE-CARRACO: All right. I think I’ve probably taken much more of your time than I . . .

LEDFORD: All right.

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . should have. I do appreciate this. And if you think of anything else you want to tell me, and I’m sure that Dale [Deaton] will probably be back again to pick your brain . . .

LEDFORD: Okay. He’s welcome to come back. I . . . I can’t think of anything else, but I’m sure there’s things, you know, you just . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: The minute I drive away you’ll probably say, “Well, I should have said . . .

LEDFORD: I . . .

CROWE-CARRACO: . . . thus and such.”

LEDFORD: . . . know. Well, I might jot down a few things on paper if I think of something.


LEDFORD: Well, I think you’ve been very pleasant, you know. Sometimes you’ll just be wondering who’s coming . . . [End of Interview]

Interview with Jailey Sizemore, July 26th, 1978


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 08-09-2009

Sizemore, Jailey; Interviewee — Dale Deaton; Interviewer — Anne Campbell; Interviewee — Carol Crowe-Carraco; Interviewer
Jailey Sizemore describes Hyden before World War I and talks about Court Day. Other activities she recalls include corn hoeings and dances, and she answers queries about quilting and making moonshine. Sizemore gives details of plowing and planting with a mule team, describes various processes of canning and preserving, and talks about travel in the mountains before modern roads. She also evaluates FNS services.

DEATON: About what’s your approximate age now, Jailey?


DEATON: Umhmm.

SIZEMORE: I was seventy-eight yesterday.

DEATON: Is that right?


DEATON: Well, I didn’t realize you were that old.

SIZEMORE: Yeah. I was seventy-eight yesterday.

DEATON: Well, you’ve lived in Bull Creek-Thousandsticks area most of your life, haven’t you?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, all my life.

DEATON: Did you go to school . . . was there a school in this area when you were a young girl?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah, I went to school right down here at Thousandsticks. That’s where the church is setting.

DEATON: Where the church is now.


DEATON: Do you remember who the school teacher was?

SIZEMORE: Oh, yes. I went to school to [Hy Cornett?], Charlie Woods, Will Hoskins, Grover Sizemore.

DEATON: About what year did you start school, do you remember?

SIZEMORE: I can’t tell you that, now.

DEATON: Can you tell me roughly?

SIZEMORE: Well, I imagine I was around six or . . .

DEATON: Umhmm. Do you remember how long that school had been there before you started?

SIZEMORE: No. Um-um. Far back as I can remember there was one little small building. Well, there was just a one room building that we went in, and I went in it. And then after I got out of school they built a new one, a new . . . new building, and I guess it stayed there until it got burned down not too awful long ago.

DEATON: About what year did you get out of school, do you recall that?

SIZEMORE: No, I can’t. Anyway, I graduated from the eighth grade. Can’t tell you what year.

DEATON: Was there a road?

SIZEMORE: Oh, yeah, right. It was around . . . it was around nineteen and . . . and seventeen, or 1916, one, that I graduated.

DEATON: Well, do you remember the beginning of World War I?

SIZEMORE: Oh, yes. Umhmm.

DEATON: Was there many people from this area that went to the Army or the Air Force, whatever, in that?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Umhmm.

DEATON: What . . . what do you remember hearing about World War I when it first began?

SIZEMORE: Well, now, Sam, he went.

DEATON: That’s your husband. Uh-huh.

SIZEMORE: And I can’t remember, but just about everybody around here. Anyway, Henry Woods’ boy, he went that I remember of. And the old 3:00man Joe Woods’ . . . Felix Woods, a brother to Jim Woods, he went. Jasper Roberts, he’s passed away and gone, he was in it. But I remember of them.

DEATON: Do you recall . . . were there any real changes to the people’s lives that lived here that happened during the period of the war?

SIZEMORE: Well, you couldn’t tell much difference in it.

DEATON: So, it didn’t really have an effect here, just . . . just that the people left . . . the men left, and some of ’em . . .


DEATON: . . . came back when . . .

SIZEMORE: Well, they all hated to see ’em go but it seemed like it didn’t take no effect on ’em much.

DEATON: Was there a road into here at that time?

SIZEMORE: Uh-uh. No. Just a horseback road and a wagon road.

DEATON: Okay. The wagon roads went through the creeks, is that right?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Went through the creek.

DEATON: What about the horseback roads, say, to Hyden? How did you go to get to Hyden?

SIZEMORE: Well, we rode horseback.

DEATON: Over Thousandsticks . . .

SIZEMORE: Over . . .

DEATON: . . . Mountain?

SIZEMORE: . . . the Thousandstick Mountain.

DEATON: Umhmm. Now, we’re about a five minute drive from Hyden right now. How long did that trip take in 1920?

SIZEMORE: Oh, it’d take at least two hours, if not longer, to ride it. And I’ve walked it. Took me half a day.

DEATON: To walk from here to Hyden?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Me and sister Becky, we took off once and walked it and went.

DEATON: Well, do you remember what Hyden was like in 1920, what businesses were there, what the town looked like?

SIZEMORE: Well, the . . . the old courthouse, there’s been a new 5:00built since then. There was an old courthouse set right where this one did. Well, Mr. Elam’s store, it was still there.

DEATON: Was it in about the same location that it’s in now?

SIZEMORE: Yes, it’s about the same location only a different building. And then the bank, it was up . . . it was the next building to Elam’s on the corner there then, and they’ve moved it down since then to where the bank was. And the post office, it was on down to the corner of the bridge where you cross Rockhouse on the right. It was down there. And [Fronie?] Eversole, she run a store.

DEATON: What was her first name?

SIZEMORE: [Fronie?].

DEATON: [Fronie?]?

SIZEMORE: [Fronie?] Eversole.


SIZEMORE: She run a store right next to the post office. Roy Sizemore 6:00was postmaster.

DEATON: Umhmm. Now, is that the same Roy Sizemore that had a store at Confluence later on?

SIZEMORE: Well, I don’t know. I believe he retired from Hyden.

DEATON: Oh, okay.

SIZEMORE: And then there was stores along there, but I can’t remember who was running ’em then.

DEATON: Well, were there many houses in Hyden then?

SIZEMORE: Not too many. No, there wasn’t too many houses.

DEATON: Would you say, what, ten or fifteen, or more or less than that?

SIZEMORE: Yes. Something . . . ten or fifteen more or less.

DEATON: Did most of the . . . did they have livestock running loose in the streets or was it penned up and it was . . .

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Mr. Elam had two cows. He would turn ’em out and drive ’em into his barn right there in town. He had his barn right there next to the house.

DEATON: Oh. Now that was before the stock law. Most people let . . .


DEATON: . . . animals run loose . . .


DEATON: . . . then.

SIZEMORE: They just turned ’em loose. They went where they wanted to.

DEATON: How did they identify ’em?

SIZEMORE: Well, everyone knowed what belonged to him.

DEATON: As you remember, did people have very much trouble with someone else stealing their livestock at the . . .

SIZEMORE: Uh-uh. You never heard of nothin’ like that then.

DEATON: No problem at all?

SIZEMORE: Uh-uh. You never heard of nothing like that then.

DEATON: Well, to go back to the school for a minute, did most of the people in this area attend school?

SIZEMORE: Yes, most of ’em did.

DEATON: What types of . . . then how did most people make their living, so to speak?

SIZEMORE: Farming.

DEATON: Could you describe a . . . a typical farm day in the 8:00summertime for me?

SIZEMORE: Oh, . . .

DEATON: When you got up. From what . . . what you did from the time you got up until you went to bed.

SIZEMORE: Well, from the time you got up till you went to bed you worked. [Chuckle]

DEATON: What at?

SIZEMORE: At this time of year we’d be hoeing corn or . . . and then later on when the fodder got ripe, we’d be pulling fodder, picking beans, or doing something.

DEATON: Umhmm. And what about in the wintertime? What was a wintertime day like?

SIZEMORE: Well, sometime people would find little jobs that would . . . they would do . . . work at. Now, my grandpa and . . . and my dad, they always worked but I can’t remember what they worked at. I remember when they would ride up through this field here. The house sat right where Mack’s is. And I’ve seen Ma take the hammer and go out 9:00and knock their feet loose in the stirrups in the wintertime.

DEATON: They would freeze?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. They would freeze in the stirrups.

DEATON: Do you remember . . . or did any of your family ever tell you where they moved to bef-. . . moved from before they came into this area?

SIZEMORE: Well, my grandpa . . . now, when Pa . . . I don’t know whether Pa was . . . he wasn’t grown, I don’t think. They went to Arkansas and stayed a year or two year, one, I don’t remember which he said. And they came back here and that’s the only place they ever told of leaving . . . moving to.

DEATON: Umhmm. Well, do you remember if your grandfather said anything about where his . . . his ancestors came from? Did they move here from, say, North Carolina, or did they ever say?

SIZEMORE: He never did say.

DEATON: Umhmm. As far as you know, were any of your relatives . . . that went to Arkansas with them, did any of them stay there?

SIZEMORE: No, uh-uh. They all came back, the ones went with ’em.

DEATON: Hmm. Well, what about the churches that were . . . oh, go ahead.

SIZEMORE: The churches? Now, far back as I can remember, Sam Bowling, he belonged to the Presbyterian church. He was a preacher down here. He would preach in that old schoolhouse. And then my grandpa had a brother that would sing a lot, and he’d come in here and have church sometimes. He would just come in maybe once a year, or maybe every two year.

DEATON: Where did he live?

SIZEMORE: He would come . . . most of the time he’d come from Oklahoma.

DEATON: Umhmm. Was that the only church in this area?

SIZEMORE: It . . . that was the only one I knew of. Well, now there 11:00was a Holiness church. Some people come from . . . they came from Hazard that belonged to the Holiness church and had church around at neighbors houses for a while. But it didn’t . . . it didn’t last very long.

DEATON: Umhmm. Did people have any books or magazines to read besides the ones that you used in school?

SIZEMORE: Uh-uh. No.

DEATON: Do you remember which books you used in school? Were they McGuffey Readers or . . .

SIZEMORE: Oh, we had . . . well, I had a reader book, a history and grammar, geography, language, and a speller, arithmetic. I had all of those.

DEATON: Umhmm. With medical practices, do you remember when the F.N.S. 12:00clinic was built here, the one at Bull Creek?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Umhmm.

DEATON: Before that were there any doctors or nurses in the area?

SIZEMORE: Well, there was a few doctors but very few. You . . . if you got sick you went to the doctor and he come to your home.

DEATON: Umhmm. Did most people doctor themselves for ailments?

SIZEMORE: Well, they did a lot of it.

DEATON: Umhmm. Are you familiar with any of the . . . the remedies that they had for different ailments?

SIZEMORE: No, I’m not.

DEATON: Well, the F.N.S. clinic that came down here, do you remember Miss [Betty] Lester that came in here?


DEATON: How did they go about getting that clinic set up? Do you remember any of that?

SIZEMORE: No, I don’t. I don’t remember how they went about getting it set up.

DEATON: Well, as far as you know, did any of the people in this area provide any of the lumber for the building or do any of the work down there?

SIZEMORE: Well, they probably helped build it and done a lot of the 13:00work. I know Sam, my husband, . . . well, they had had the clinic up for quite a while then. They got him to make a lot of chairs for the clinic.

DEATON: Well, was there a sawmill over here? Was there an Osborne . . . did an Osborne . . .


DEATON: . . . man own a sawmill down there?

SIZEMORE: [Motorcycles in background] [Inaudible].

DEATON: It’s worse than a chain saw. You say Pearl’s father owned . . .


DEATON: . . . a sawmill? Now, where was that located at?

SIZEMORE: Sat . . . sat right in the lower end of this field down here.

DEATON: About where the store does now, the building?

SIZEMORE: It . . . it was below the store.


SIZEMORE: In the main lower end down there it sat. And he had a . . 14:00. he ground corn, cornmeal. Every Saturday he’d run the mill and people would go to the mill and take their corn and have their cornmeal ground.

DEATON: Umhmm. What . . . if you took, say, a bushel of corn down there and have it ground, what would it . . . how much would you have to pay to have that done?

SIZEMORE: Seem to me like it was a gallon of corn that they took out to a bushel. I’m not for sure on that. Well, I know they would take gallon, but whether it was to a bushel or I imagine it was.

DEATON: Umhmm. Well, going to the mill on Saturdays, was that sort of a social activity?

SIZEMORE: Oh, yes.

DEATON: What did they do at the mill when they . . . after they got there?

SIZEMORE: Gather up and talk and sometimes have horse pullings at logs to see whose horse would out-pull.

DEATON: Umhmm. What else did the people do for social activities here? 15:00Did they have dances or anything like that?

SIZEMORE: Sometimes they would.

DEATON: Could you describe one of them for me?

SIZEMORE: Oh, they would . . . we’ve had ’em at our place when we were first married.

DEATON: Umhmm. What was it . . . what went on at a dance? Who . . . who all came and . . . and what type . . .

SIZEMORE: Well, . . .

DEATON: . . . of music was played, . . .

SIZEMORE: . . . we’d probably . . .

DEATON: . . . and so forth?

SIZEMORE: . . . have corn hoeings, and the ones that came to the corn hoeing would be there.

DEATON: Did the people that had the corn hoeing or owned the corn, were they the ones that provided the food and everything . . .


DEATON: . . . for the dance?


DEATON: What type of instruments did they play?

SIZEMORE: They had to use a . . . a mule to . . . and plow and plow it by hand. And then the [inaudible] ones, there’d be two and three horses a plowing the corn, and then maybe twenty-five or thirty hands hoeing.

DEATON: Umhmm. What . . .

SIZEMORE: They’d hoe out a whole field in a day.

DEATON: Well, at the party afterwards, who played? Did they have music?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, they’d have a banjo.

DEATON: And that was it?


DEATON: Who was the best banjo player around?

SIZEMORE: Oh Lord, I don’t remember now. [Chuckle]

DEATON: But it was just a local person that did it?

SIZEMORE: Sam’s brother, [Bide?], was pretty good at it.

DEATON: Umhmm. With the F.N.S. people that came in here, do you remember the types of treatment that they gave when they first came into the area?


DEATON: Did they treat people for hookworm, or give ’em dipt-. . . diphtheria shots or . . .

SIZEMORE: They . . . they would give . . . I remember they would give worm treatments, but I don’t remember about the hookworm.

DEATON: Umhmm. Did any of your family get shots from the F.N.S. people?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Uh-huh.

DEATON: Were there any other health care services that you could have gone to then besides F.N.S.?

SIZEMORE: Um-um. No. No, that’s the only one there was.

DEATON: How do you think most people viewed the F.N.S., and what was their opinion of it?

SIZEMORE: Well, they thought it was a great thing, . . .

DEATON: With that . . .

SIZEMORE: . . . a great help to the people.

DEATON: Do you think most people still feel the same way?

SIZEMORE: Well, probably some does and some don’t.

DEATON: Yes. Do you see a difference in F.N.S. now as compared to what it was, say, twenty years ago or thirty years ago?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, it’s improved a lot.

DEATON: You think it’s better now than then?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, I think so.

DEATON: Uh-huh. Is there anything about the F.N.S. that you would 18:00disagree with?

SIZEMORE: Well, I don’t re-. . . remember if they do if there are.

DEATON: Well, could you describe for me some of the quilting patterns that you quilt? You’re a good . . . well, you make a lot of quilts, don’t you?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah.

DEATON: Could you tell me the different names of the patterns of . . . of quilts that you make?

SIZEMORE: Well, I’m piecing one right now that you . . . I call it “Rob Peter to Pay Paul”.

DEATON: Okay. Tell me a little bit about it. What [chuckle– Sizemore] does it look like when you look at it?

SIZEMORE: It’s pieced out of two colors, red . . . blue and white.

DEATON: Umhmm. Name some other patterns.

SIZEMORE: And then I . . . I pieced one, sold it to Miss [Molly] Lee along here a while back, and they called it “The Field of Flowers.” 19:00It’s pieced out of little bitty small pieces about that big.

DEATON: Umhmm. What about some others?

SIZEMORE: And then I’ve . . . I . . . I pieced one and embro-. . . well, I never pieced it, I embroidered it. It was already stamped. And they called it . . . it was a bicentennial one.

DEATON: Umhmm. For the . . . for the government bicentennial or for the county?

SIZEMORE: No, my great-grandson bought it.

DEATON: Oh! Uh-huh. Well, what . . . what are the names of some of the other patterns then?

SIZEMORE: And then I’ve got a “Lone Star.” And then I’ve pieced a little Dutch girl, and I can’t remember the others.

DEATON: Do you remember the Depression?

SIZEMORE: And then I pieced one they called “A Friendship Quilt” and then a “Log Cabin.”

DEATON: Well, where did . . . how did the names come about, do you know?

SIZEMORE: Well, you us-. . . you usually get a book that has ’em in it, the way I get ’em.

DEATON: Well, do you remember anything about the Depression in the 1930s here?

SIZEMORE: Not too much.

DEATON: Do you remember when your family got their first radio?


DEATON: A-. . . about what year was that, roughly?

SIZEMORE: Oh, that was about . . . somewhere around nineteen and forty-four or forty-five we got the first radio.

DEATON: Was your family . . . did m-. . . most other families, did they have radios by then or did everyone . . .


DEATON: . . . begin to get ’em . . .


DEATON: . . . about the same time?

SIZEMORE: Most of ’em didn’t.

DEATON: Do you remember which station that you could pick up on it?

SIZEMORE: No, I don’t.

DEATON: Was there . . . was there usually only one station that . . . that you could receive?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Umhmm. And I don’t remember which one that was. I remember the first radio that . . . that came around. We was over at Sam’s brother’s and Walter Begley’s daddy got one. He lived just across the river from his brother. And it had earphones. You had to put them over your ears to hear it.

DEATON: Hmm. So only one person could listen to . . .


DEATON: . . . it?

SIZEMORE: Only one person could listen to it at a time.

DEATON: Huh. Well, what about . . . what were the programs that you 22:00listened to mostly?

SIZEMORE: I don’t remember, Dale.

DEATON: Did they have the Grand Ole Opry on then?

SIZEMORE: I don’t remember whether they did or not.

DEATON: Well, what about television? When did most people in here begin to get television?

SIZEMORE: Oh, I can’t remember. I don’t remember how long, but they’ve been having them for a right smart while. I don’t remember who was the first one who got a television in here.

DEATON: Well, do you remember when these roads were built? When was the road built from Maggard’s Branch across into Thousandsticks that you could drive a car over?

SIZEMORE: When they built the Mountain Parkway.

DEATON: Hmm. Now when . . . the road before that, do you remember . 23:00. .


DEATON: . . . when that was built?

SIZEMORE: The road before that? Well, you couldn’t . . . you could drive a wagon over, but you couldn’t a vehicle.

DEATON: Okay. The . . . well, the one from Hyden–maybe I’m talking about the wrong Maggard Branch, I don’t know–but the road that came from Hyden into Bull Creek and Thousandsticks.

SIZEMORE: Now, wait. There was a road that people could drive . . . yeah, they had a road that you could drive a vehicle over before the Mountain Parkway was built, for I know Pearl had a Jeep and we’d go in in that and pickup.

DEATON: Do you remember the first time you saw a car or a jeep?


DEATON: The first one you . . .

SIZEMORE: There wasn’t . . .

DEATON: . . . saw?

SIZEMORE: . . . very many in town then.

DEATON: You saw it in town?


DEATON: About when was that?


DEATON: Do you have a rough idea?

SIZEMORE: No, I don’t.

DEATON: What did you think about it when you saw it?

SIZEMORE: I didn’t know what to think. [Chuckle] No, there wasn’t more 24:00than one . . . well, that was the first one I’d seen in town. And then there was two or three more people that had ’em.

DEATON: Umhmm. Well, what about your first airplane that you ever saw, do you remember that?

SIZEMORE: No, I sure can’t. [Interruption in taping]

DEATON: Let the motorcycles get back to this. When people worked the fields here, did most of ’em use mules?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, that’s all they had.

DEATON: Did they use oxen in the woods or anything?

SIZEMORE: No, not back as I remember. Well, now, way back when I was just a little child and Pa had some that he’d use. And n-. . . he 25:00never did use ’em in the field, though, like plowing ’em or nothing.


SIZEMORE: I don’t know what he used ’em for. But I know he work in the mountain through the winter and just cut down a . . . a big beech tree and hook them . . . that . . . yoke cattle to it and pull the whole . . . bring the whole thing out into the level for wood.

DEATON: Hmm. Did you ever help make any home-made soap, Jailey?


DEATON: Tell me exactly how you . . . the best th-. . . the best way to go about making home-made soap.

SIZEMORE: Now, Dale, I about forgot how, I ain’t made none in so long.

DEATON: Well, think about it for a minute. Tell me the best way to make it.

SIZEMORE: We used lye. We got cans of lye and then we’d take grease. I don’t remember how many gallons of water we’d put to a can of lye. And we’d put so much grease in that and boil it till it would become soap. 26:00And then we’d let it sit and get cold, and cut it out in big cakes and lay it out and let it dry.

DEATON: Well, the lye, did . . . how . . . when you mixed it up, did you mix it up . . . mix it until it got thick or . . .

SIZEMORE: No, you’d have to let it boil till it got thick.

DEATON: Umhmm. The cans of lye, you remember what size they were? Were they five pound or . . .

SIZEMORE: I don’t remember how much . . . how . . . whether there was a pound to a can. I imagine there was, though. It was something the size of a cream can, the cans of lye was.

DEATON: And you mixed that with . . .

SIZEMORE: You mix that with water and grease and make soap.

DEATON: Was the grease lard that had been rendered from hogs?

SIZEMORE: Well, you could use that, or you could use some old meat and put it in there and that lye would eat it all up. And you could use it.

DEATON: You mean something like pork rinds?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah.

DEATON: Was that good for washing clothes or just about . . .


DEATON: . . . anything?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah, it was good for washing clothes. It’d sure bring ’em clean.

DEATON: How did you wash the clothes?

SIZEMORE: On a rub board.

DEATON: No washing machine or anything?

SIZEMORE: Um-um. No.

DEATON: Well, in the wintertime when the weather was really bad and cold, tell me about something that happened when the weather was cold or . . . or whatever, that the people had to travel through or live through? What was it like to travel up and down this creek, say, in the middle of February?

SIZEMORE: Oh, you’d travel on top of ice. The creeks would be froze from bank to bank.

DEATON: Now what type of heat did they have in the homes?

SIZEMORE: Coal and wood.

DEATON: Umhmm. Mostly fireplaces?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah. Weren’t very many heating stoves.

DEATON: Umhmm. Well, do you remember about what year that most people began to buy coal stoves that they could put in and quit using fireplaces?

SIZEMORE: Well, I can’t remember what year it was but it wasn’t too very long after we got electricity in here that people went to getting coal heaters.

DEATON: Umhmm. Electricity must have been, what, sometime in the ’30s?

SIZEMORE: Probably was. No, it was sometime in the ’40s. No, we didn’t get electricity till after Sam died. It was in the ’40s . . . sometime in the ’40s that we got electricity.

DEATON: Umhmm. Did the people that lived . . . lived here, 29:00say, before World War II, did they travel very much?

SIZEMORE: Well, nothing like they do now, but they traveled quite a bit.

DEATON: Was it mostly from neighbor to neighbor or did they go out of the . . .

SIZEMORE: Well, people would go to town and then they’d go on and visit each other.

DEATON: And that was about it?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. They visited each other more than they do now.

DEATON: Umhmm. Do you see . . . what do you think is the . . . are some of the things that brought about the biggest changes to people’s lives in this area?

SIZEMORE: Well, I believe electricity put a big change on people.

DEATON: Umhmm. For the better or for the worst?

SIZEMORE: It’s hard to say. [Chuckle]

DEATON: Well, you must think there’s a little bit of it for the worst. What [chuckle–Sizemore] do you think?

SIZEMORE: Well, some people enjoys it and . . . well, I guess everybody enjoyed having it just for that, but what they all use it for is a mixed thing. [Interruption in taping]

DEATON: Okay, well, give me a comment on television.

SIZEMORE: They’ll sit and watch television all night and then won’t get up of a morning till way up about ten or eleven o’clock.

DEATON: Umhmm. Well, for most people . . . do you think that most 31:00people had, sayd better intentions and worked harder and so forth years ago and tried to do more than they do now?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Well, back then people knowed if they didn’t work and make it and put it away, they wouldn’t have it. And now people on welfare think, “Well, I don’t have to work. I can get what I want anyway.”

DEATON: Well, tell me the things that . . . say, by the end of the summer years ago, the types of things that would be canned, and how much would be canned or dried, and the meat and so forth. How many people were . . . were at home in your family then?

SIZEMORE: How many were home?

DEATON: Umhmm.

SIZEMORE: Oh, . . .

DEATON: Go back . . . let’s start off with before you were married. 32:00How many people were in the household?

SIZEMORE: Let’s see. Well, now, I lived with my grandpa and grandmother. There were three of us. But Pa’s family, there was him and Ma, Lawrence, sister [Ory?], Becky, Fred, and Quinton and Mack. And then after brother Lawrence got killed they had . . . they raised two or three of Lawrence’s children. They raised [Acie?] and Frank and Jesse of his.

DEATON: Well, . . .

SIZEMORE: So . . .

DEATON: . . . yeah. What . . . describe for me the . . . like, say, the amount of beans or . . . and so forth that they would have 33:00put away by the end of the summer to f-. . . to eat on during the winter.

SIZEMORE: Oh, they’d have enough beans to do ’em.

DEATON: Do you have any idea of, say, how many quarts or whatever?

SIZEMORE: No, I wouldn’t.

DEATON: Umhmm. How much st-. . . what did people have to buy from the store then? What did most people buy from the store?

SIZEMORE: Well, the most . . . biggest thing they bought was coffee, sugar, flour, maybe lard. But they raised just about everything else.

DEATON: So they didn’t really have a need for . . . to go to town that often?


DEATON: So going to t-. . .

SIZEMORE: We had our . . . had our own cows and our own chickens.

DEATON: Umhmm. So going to town was more for pleasure than anything else?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah.

DEATON: Do you remember going to Court Day in . . .

SIZEMORE: Oh, . . .

DEATON: . . . town?

SIZEMORE: . . . the first day of court everybody went. They went 34:00horse [jockeying?]. The town would be lined with horses. People trading horses.

DEATON: What else did they trade?

SIZEMORE: They’d trade knives, anything they had.

DEATON: Do you remember much about the trials that went on?

SIZEMORE: No. Uh-uh.

DEATON: So that too was mostly . . .

SIZEMORE: No, that . . .

DEATON: . . . for pleasure?

SIZEMORE: . . . I never was in . . . that’s one thing I never was in. [Chuckle]

DEATON: Hmm. Do you remember the county judges of Leslie County, Jailey? How far . . . how many of ’em do you remember?

SIZEMORE: I can remember some, if I can think of their name. There was Rufus Roberts. He was the judge for I don’t know how many years. And there . . . another fellow, I was on the jury under him. I can’t think of his name. Shucks.

DEATON: What about the others?

SIZEMORE: And then . . . Dale, I just don’t remember the others.

DEATON: Umhmm. Do you remember who was judge before George Wooten?

SIZEMORE: George Wooten was county judge.

DEATON: Umhmm. Who was county judge before him, do you remember?

SIZEMORE: No, I don’t remember.

DEATON: Well, let’s go back to the time that [Franklin D.] Roosevelt was president. Do you remember people that lived around here, do you remember if they got seeds to plant or if they got government food to . . . to help them? Was there a dry spell for three or four years during that period?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. People got food and they got seeds to plant.

DEATON: Did they . . . did they . . .

SIZEMORE: [Inaudible] . . .

DEATON: . . . really need the food or . . .

SIZEMORE: Yeah, they did. And they got a voucher of so much to buy food with.

DEATON: Uh-huh. And where did they have to go to get that?

SIZEMORE: They’d have to go to town. Now, I don’t remember whether they’d mail their voucher to ’em or whether they’d have to go over there and pick it up. Now, Sam worked in a commodity house. That was when they give all that food away. He helped hand it out.

DEATON: Umhmm. Well, the dry spell, how long did that last, Jailey?

SIZEMORE: It lasted for a year or two. But, now, we never did have no . 37:00. . it wasn’t so dry. It . . . well, I don’t know what happened to people, whether they just didn’t work or didn’t try or what. But there was just almost a famine.

DEATON: Was that . . . was that right here in this area or is that s-. . .

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah.

DEATON: Hmm. What . . . were there . . .

SIZEMORE: There was people that I knowed of, if they’d hadn’t got food like that and got help, I don’t know how they’d have got by.

DEATON: Hmm. Well, did the crops just not grow, is that what it was?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah. They just didn’t yield like they should. People didn’t have money to buy feed for their cattle, milk cows, nor nothing else.

DEATON: Well, what about law enforcement in Leslie County? Do you 38:00remember the sheriff or the deputies coming into this area? Was there very much trouble in this area when you were growing up?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, there was . . . people drank, making whiskey all the time.

DEATON: Do you know how to make moonshine, Jailey? Have you ever heard any . . . who . . . let’s put it this way. Has anybody ever told you how to make moonshine?

SIZEMORE: I’ve seen it made.

DEATON: You have?


DEATON: How do make . . .

SIZEMORE: Sam used to make it.

DEATON: How do you make moonshine?

SIZEMORE: Now, Dale.

DEATON: Have you got any idea?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. You take your meal and you s-. . . you take hot water, boiling water, and you scald that in a big barrel. And then you let it sit there, and it seem to me like and sour. Or, anyway, you let it sit so long, and you sprout corn and grind it up in something like 39:00a sausage mill. And then you go back and fill that barrel on up with water, and I don’t remember how much “malt corn” they called it, that they put in it.

DEATON: Now, the . . .

SIZEMORE: But . . .

DEATON: . . . the . . . the malt corn is the corn that you let sprout . . .


DEATON: . . . and then grind up.



SIZEMORE: And they let that sprout and they take that and grind it up and go back and fill that barrel full of water, and then put that malt corn in it. And then they let it sit till it goes to working. It’ll just go to working and bubbling up to the top of the barrel. [Chuckle] People . . . SIZEMORE: And I don’t remember how much malt corn they called it, that they put in it.

DEATON: Now, the . . .

SIZEMORE: But . . .

DEATON: . . . the . . . the malt corn is the corn that you let sprout . . .


DEATON: . . . and then grind up.



SIZEMORE: And they let that sprout, and they take that and grind it up, and go back and fill that barrel full of water, and then put that malt corn in it. And then they let it sit till it goes to working. It’ll just go to working and bubbling up to the top of the barrel. [Chuckle] People used to go to town and Pa would drink enough to kill him if he could get to drink the beer.

DEATON: Oh, the malt beer off . . .


DEATON: . . . of the barrel?



SIZEMORE: Yeah. And then they’d let that work so long and then they’d 40:00go back and put it in a still and run it off.

DEATON: Now, . . .

SIZEMORE: And they’d have to have a copper wire to run it through.

DEATON: Why is that?

SIZEMORE: I don’t know.

DEATON: Hmm. Now to run it off . . . they’d put that in a still and then put a f-. . . and then heated it?

SIZEMORE: They put . . . they put . . . buil-. . . make ’em a furnace and make ’em a still, something. Seem to me like . . . anyway, they’d take a big barrel or a tank or a washtub, one, and put ’em together down on the top of each other, and put that beer in that and boil it. And then when that steam would run through that copper, it’d come out whiskey.

DEATON: Hmm. How much did they sell it for?

SIZEMORE: Well, I don’t remember what they sold it for, but Sam sold a many of a pint of it. He would take it to Hazard. He sold it high as 41:00a hundred dollars a gallon.

DEATON: A hundred dollars a gallon?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, and take it to Hazard.

DEATON: Okay. Now, how much . . . during . . . during that same time, say about the time that he could sell the moonshine for that, how much could a person make a day working in the coal mines, do you have any idea?

SIZEMORE: Well, I don’t know whether there was any such thing as a coal mines going then or not. If there was I don’t remember.

DEATON: Did they mostly work in the log woods?

SIZEMORE: They worked some . . . some of ’em every now and then worked in the log woods, but mighty few of ’em.

DEATON: Well, what was a . . . what was the going wage for a day’s work then, if you hired someone to help you hoe corn or whatever?

SIZEMORE: If you got a dollar a day you was flying.

DEATON: Oh. So, you could make more . . . you could make a lot more money selling moonshine than you could hoeing corn.

SIZEMORE: Oh, yeah. Umhmm.

DEATON: Uh-huh. Did you know of anybody making any type of alcoholic 42:00beverage out of anything else but corn?

SIZEMORE: Um-um. No.

DEATON: Okay. For the food that you put up for the winter, did you ever . . . did you ever sulfur apples, Jailey?


DEATON: Tell me how you sulfur apples.

SIZEMORE: Sulfur a barrel full every year.

DEATON: How do you . . . how did you do that?

SIZEMORE: With . . . I take and peel and I’d quarter ’em and take the core out, and peel ’em. And I’d peel a half a bushel basket full. And I’d have me a barrel. I’d put . . . run a . . . the stick through the handle of that basket and hang it down in there, in that barrel. And then I forget how much sulfur, whether it was two tablespoons or what, of sulfur that you’d put on a plate or a board or something down on the ground under there and put coals of fire on it 43:00to make it burn. And you take you a big quilt, double by . . . four or six double, and put it over the top of that barrel and tie it–you string that to hold all that smoke in there–and let it hang in there for a half a day at a time. Take it out then, take it and pour it in your barrel and keep it covered tight till no gnats couldn’t get in it. And you could do that till you get you a barrel full of sulfured. We had ’em the whole winter.

DEATON: Did they have any . . . did they taste like they had sulfur in them or did they have . . .

SIZEMORE: Sometimes you could taste it and again you couldn’t. They’d have a little bit different taste from the regular apple.

DEATON: Umhmm. Not really enough to bother.

SIZEMORE: Uh-uh. Not enough to bother you. Everybody liked ’em. There’s people that sulfurs ’em today and puts ’em in glass jars. 44:00But, now, I ain’t sulfured none in a long . . . been many of a day. And people would have big barrels of pickled beans, sauerkraut, pickled corn.

DEATON: Umhmm. How’d they make it, just pour vinegar in it?

SIZEMORE: With their corn?

DEATON: Umhmm. How do you make it?

SIZEMORE: Take you a big sixty gallon barrel, put it about half full or more of . . . of water, and put you enough salt in it to make it brine. Just shuck your corn and throw it over in there. And put you a cloth over it and tighten it till nothing . . . the gnats or nothing can’t get in it.

DEATON: Would the corn keep all winter like that?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Umhmm. It’d keep all winter.

DEATON: And then to eat it, you boiled it?

SIZEMORE: No, you’d cut it off and fry it. Put you a little sugar on it. And kraut, you’d do it the same way. People’d take . . . they’d 45:00raise late cabbage then, and make their kraut just before a frost. They’d take something like what we call a maul and take and chop up a big pile of cabbage and put that in a barrel, and then take that maul and beat it down. And put ’em a layer of salt on it and beat that down till the brine would raise over the top of the cabbage, till they would get what made that they wanted. And then they’d get ’em a . . . a big, flat rock and clean it right real good, and put it on top of that, that kraut, to hold it down it under the brine. And that’d stay perfectly white all winter. Stay just as white as it could be.

DEATON: And they did the beans the same way?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Do beans the same way, or only you’d just have to cook 46:00your beans till they would get done, and take and pour them in and salt ’em. You wouldn’t have to beat them down. And then when you got what you wanted, get you a . . . a big rock and lay on top of ’em, and that weight would weight ’em down and the brine would raise over top of ’em.

DEATON: Well, say, if you had a sixty gallon barrel and you filled it half full of water, how many pounds of salt would you have to put in that water to get it into brine?

SIZEMORE: Now, Dale, I wouldn’t hardly know how to . . . what to say.

DEATON: Is there any . . .

SIZEMORE: But . . . but it’d take at least a quart.

DEATON: A qu-. . . about a quart, . . .

SIZEMORE: Yeah, I would say . . .

DEATON: . . . or maybe a little more?

SIZEMORE: . . . I would say a quart of salt to make it right.

DEATON: Hmm. What else did you fix for food during the winter?

SIZEMORE: Well, we’d fix all that besides our canned food, and then we’d 47:00have our chickens . . . our own chickens and would have our h-. . . own hogs and cow.


DEATON: Umhmm. Did you help smoke any meat, Jailey?

SIZEMORE: No, I never did smoke none.

DEATON: Did they mainly salt it down?

SIZEMORE: Uh-huh. We’d just salt it down. And sometimes we’d can some of it.

DEATON: Hmm? Can meat?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah.

DEATON: Hmm. Well, tell me how you can, say, sausage. How do you make canned . . .

SIZEMORE: Sausage?

DEATON: . . . sausage?

SIZEMORE: Well, the way you do it, you just put it on and . . . and fry it till it gets done, and put it in your jar, and pour that grease in on it till . . . and it’ll . . . the grease will stand over the top of your sausage and seal it.

DEATON: And that’s it.

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. And it’ll keep.

DEATON: What . . . is that the same way you canned all meat?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. You’ve got to have it real . . . you’ve got to have it real dry, no water in it, your meat, to can. If it gets water in it, it won’t keep.

DEATON: Hmm. What, you just fry it or . . . or cook it in a pot or how?

SIZEMORE: I’d put it in a . . . cook in a can. Put it in a jar and cook it in it, but I don’t remember how many hours we’d cook it.

DEATON: You mean the canning jar?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah. Put ’em in the jars and seal it, and cook it in that.

DEATON: You mean, you . . . now, you seal the jars before you cooked it?

SIZEMORE: Umhmm. Yeah.

DEATON: And you didn’t put any grease on top of it or anything?

SIZEMORE: Uh-uh. I’d usually cap ’em bottoms upwards and the grease then would stand on top when it’d get cold.


SIZEMORE: And then I’d turn ’em back up.

DEATON: So as long as the top’s sealed, you . . .


DEATON: . . . don’t really have to have the whole jar filled with grease.

SIZEMORE: No. Uh-uh.

DEATON: Oh, I see. Okay. Hmm. Well, did ju-. . . did just about 49:00everyone keep food that way? I mean, . . .

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Well, . . .

DEATON: . . . was it . . . was it . . .

SIZEMORE: . . . some people wouldn’t can nothing, Dale, wouldn’t put up nothing, hardly. And they . . . I . . . I don’t know how they got by, but . . . but they survived. [Chuckle]

DEATON: Umhmm. Well, do you remember the first . . . well, say, the first grocery store in Leslie County that would be a grocery store in the way we think of ’em now, that sold stuff, you know, besides the general type . . .

SIZEMORE: Oh, well, . . .

DEATON: . . . merchandise?

SIZEMORE: . . . well, I can remember, but they had a store far back as I can remember.

DEATON: Yeah, but that . . .

SIZEMORE: That was Pearl’s dad.

DEATON: Uh-huh.

SIZEMORE: They had a grocery store. They had it far back as I can remember, and always . . . always had it.

DEATON: Was that located here at the mouth of Osborne Fork?

SIZEMORE: Right up by where Ed Begley lives.


SIZEMORE: And then later on, after I got grown and was married, they 50:00moved it down here. And then they moved and built down here, and up there. But their main grocery store was right up there.

DEATON: Well, did . . .

SIZEMORE: And no . . .

DEATON: . . . they have . . . did they have canned goods there?

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Umhmm. Dry goods, shoes, about anything you wanted.

DEATON: Hmm! I didn’t realize they had that in here that early.

SIZEMORE: Yeah. Back then you could buy corn ten cents a can.

DEATON: Hmm. Well, do you think it was during the Depression and . . . and the period of time that people started to get government commodities that they quit raising a lot of food?

SIZEMORE: I think so. Umhmm.

DEATON: What about the countryside? When you were a real young girl, were there as many weeds and all that in here as there are now?

SIZEMORE: Now, what?

DEATON: Weeds?

SIZEMORE: Oh, yes.

DEATON: Do you remember the virgin timber growth on this land, Jailey?

SIZEMORE: No, I don’t.

DEATON: Had all . . . had about all of that been cut out by the time you got old enough to remember?

SIZEMORE: Oh, back when I was growing up all of this in here clean around to Fred’s was all cleared out. We tended in corn.

DEATON: All the way to the top of the hill?

SIZEMORE: All the way. Almost to the top of the hill behind . . . I’ve hoed corn from Fred’s clean all back around, and every stitch of the head of that branch up yonder. We would tend that whole branch. We’d take it year about. We’d tend the branch one year, but the next year we’d tend from straight up from William’s on back around to 52:00Fred’s, and we’d pasture the other side for the cattle. Take it a year about with it. Well, the year we’d tend that branch we’d have every hill of it in and it was cleaned out almost to the top of the hill. We’d have it in on each side of that hollow and clean up.

DEATON: And that was all plowed with a mule?

SIZEMORE: It was all plowed with a mule.

DEATON: Hmm. Have you got any idea how much corn you raised to the acre?

SIZEMORE: No, I don’t. But I can tell you how much corn I dropped one day with a corn dropper.

DEATON: How much?

SIZEMORE: A bushel and a peck.

DEATON: In one day.

SIZEMORE: In one day. My dad laid it off, and I planted it. They tried . . . my grandpa, that was in his lifetime, he was sick and wasn’t able to work. But they tried to . . . there’s an old fellow lived around up here where Fred lives, Archie Gibsons they called him, he was good with a corn dropper. They tried to hire him to come and plant 53:00corn one day, Pa did. Dollar a day was all he got. No, he . . . he couldn’t come. Well, Pa says, “I don’t know how we’re gonna manage.” He says, “I can’t get Archie.” He said, “I don’t know who else to get.” I says, “We don’t need nobody.” I says, “If you lay it off, I’ll plant it.” He says, “You know you can’t hold out to do that.” I says, “You lay the ground off.” Brother, we went in there early that morning and we always called it “the peach tree piece”. They might have told you where it is. It’s way back up in there. He had all that plowed up ready to plant. He laid that all off. Just as he’d lay a row off, I’d plant it. And it was almost dark when we come out, but we planted us a bushel and a peck and got it all planted.

DEATON: Hmm! Well, what did you do? Did you eat most of the corn or did most of it go to feed livestock?

SIZEMORE: What we eat of the corn was what we made our bread out of, and the rest of it went to the cattle and the mules. They always kept two mules. And my grandpa did.

DEATON: Was that . . . what . . . do you remember how many people lived, say, from the mouth of Osborne Fork up to the head of the creek, when . . .


DEATON: . . . you were a little kid?

SIZEMORE: There was about half . . . I don’t know what . . . and there ain’t a half . . . there wasn’t a half as many as there are up in there now.


SIZEMORE: Mighty few.

DEATON: Umhmm. Did most people get along pretty good?

SIZEMORE: Yeah, they seemed to.

DEATON: Umhmm. Is there anything, Jailey, that I haven’t asked you 55:00about that you’d like to tell me about?

SIZEMORE: Not that I remember of.

DEATON: All right. If you think of anything else I’ll come back later [chuckle–Sizemore], okay?

SIZEMORE: That’s all I can think of.

DEATON: Okay. Thank you.

SIZEMORE: You welcome. [End of Interview]

1878 Leslie County, Ky birth records


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 12-06-2009

May Woolum, Laura Elvira Woolum
March Giley, Clem Marion Bailey & Rosey Smith
[fathers last name is different]
May Howard, China Willima Howard & Martha Napier
March Howard, Joseph Israel Howard & Sally Morgan
October Lewis, Jasper John Lewis & Lency Smith
March Woods, Carl  [Clay] Wade Woods & Nancy Couch
October Muncy, Lucindy Anderson Muncy & Rosanna Browning
Jan 1879 Lewis, Levi Thadius Lewis & Anna Pennington
July Howard, Felix Isaac Howard & Martha Lewis
August Lewis, Rebica M Isaac Lewis & Jane Williams
December Howard, Rebecca J Andrew Howard & Juda Lewis
June Lewis, Nancy Juder Lewis & Abigele Lewis
November Williams, Andrew B Andrew Williams & Sally Ingles
October Ingles, Nancy Frank Ingles & Polly Adkins
May Ingles, Nathaniel William Ingles & Anna Williams
July Shepperd, Elisha Clem Shepherd & Rutha Muslewhite
December Baker, Louisa William Baker & Elizabeth Wells
November Baker, Gilbert Henry Baker & Katy Cornitt
April Eldridge, Martha Sarah Eldridge
December Shepherd, Lucina Martin Shepherd & Mary Calihan
September not named dead male John Wells & Rebecca Cornitt
December Shepperd, Farmer Wilson Shepherd & Susan Whitehead
December Baker, Martha L Baker & Martha Pennington
December Williams, Winey [female] Robert Williams & Malinda Couch
June Lewis, Polly J James Lewis & Elizabeth Joseph
March Hensley, William Samuel Hensley & Susan Dixon
August Morgan, James David Morgan & Pheby Lewis
April Joseph, John F John Joseph & Ruthy Minyard
[faded] Boggs, James John Boggs & Matilda Pennington
February Lewis, Mahaly Jackson Lewis & Malinda Day
January Day, Mahaley [Perry Co] John Day & Juda Pennington
September Pennington, Seda?? [male] Levi Pennington & Mary J Couch
March Pennington, Rebecca Edward Pennington & Polly Lewis
September not named female William Shell & Nancy York
September York, Matilda John York & Mahulda Fields
May Coldiron, Sary E John Coldiron & Vina Thomas
April Chapill, George George Chapill & Mary Sergent
[faded] Parker, Mary Franklin Parker & Maverry Napier
[faded] Cornitt, John Archable Cornitt & Darcus Wilson
December Brewer, James H John Brewer & Nancy Turner
April 1879 Wooton, Manuel Elison Wooton & Rutha Young
June Lewis, Martha Robert Lewis & Sary Fields
February Stidham, Nancy J Sally Stidham
March Muncy, Madison Joshua Muncy & Lucinda Begley
June Begley, Madison Joshua Muncy & Lucinda Begley
April Sismore, Russel Luis Sismore & Lutisha Woods
[faded] Collins, Wilson William Sismore & Vina Collins
September Couch, Farmer John Couch & Nancy Sismore
May Fields, Daniel William Fields & Tilda Bolin
June Finley, Sary James M Finley & Polly Bolin
March Holen, America [Perry Co] Clark Holen & Sarah Bailey
July Begley, E?? [Perry, female] Samuel Begley & Susan Begley
October Davidson, Samuel John Davidson & Susan Sisemore
February Sisemore, Alexander [Clay] William Sisemore & Elizabeth Muncy
October Begley, Si???? [female] George A Begley & Elizabeth Colins
January Napier, Malinda M S Napier & Elizabeth Campbell
February Muncy, Camer John Muncy & Jane Garison
April Cornitt, William M John Cornitt & Jane Adams
June Hoskins, Elizabeth James Hoskins & Perlina Howard
February Hoskins, Sidna Ezkiel Hoskins & Malinda Brock
August not named dead male Robert Simpson & Martha Brock
April Duff, Mary James Duff & Parsisns Howard
December Brock, Mary Elijah Brock & Dily Roark
March Slusher, Parlee John Slusher & Nancy Napier
March Saylor, Levi   [Clay] Burdie Saylor & Mary Coldiron
March Willsin, Alafore  [female] Noah Willsin & Sarah Farmer
[faded] Farmer, John Samuel Farmer & Charloty Helton
October Helton, Laura Carlo Helton & Elizabeth Farmer
March Saylor, Mary Benjamin Saylor & Nancy Pace
March Coldwell, Henry Colston Coldwell & Mary A Edward
April Jhonson, Dorabell Hiram Jhonson & Jane Jones
[faded] Whitehead, Farmer  [Clay] James Whitehead & Angel Gross
[faded] Collitt, Noah    [Clay] John Collitt & Rebecca Whitehead
October Sisemore, John Dill Sisemore & Ruthy Muncy
[faded] Jones, Mary J William Jones & Martha Asher
October Garison, Rebeca Isaac Garison & Nancy Hoskins
July Garison, Elihu John B Garison & Eliza Browning
July Garison, John John B Garison & Eliza Browning
August unnamed female John Hoskins & Cisey Mosley
April Brock, James Amon Brock & Dily Helton
June Lewis, Felix Mathais Lewis & Rebecca Coots
October France, Henry M Isaac France & Hannah Pace
December Fields, Washington Hampton Fields & Nan??? Pace
March Vaughn, Elda
[Owsly, female]
Daniel Vaughn & Jane Baker

Misc. Marriage Records, Leslie County, Ky


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 12-06-2009

All Information taken from Records Books found in Hyden, Leslie County, KY during July 2002 by Lennie and Diane Roark. Please note there are many other marriages other than the ones listed.

Marriage Book 1: 10/1878 – 1/1885

Brock/Mosley:  Elijah Brock, Principal, born Clay Co., KY, Amon Brock, Surity, (Father), born Harlan Co., KY, Mother: Born Clay Co., KY. Elijah: 19 yrs. old and Angeline Mosley:  21 yrs. old, She and her parents were born in Clay Co., KY. Wedding date: Sept. 29, 1870. Signed: J.S. Melton, Clerk and Witness: J.J. Hensley.(page 86)

Brock/Rice:  Solomon Brock and Chinie Rice page 176  Solomon: age 52, 2nd marriage and Chinie: age 28, born Knox Co., KY. Wedding date: Dec. 6, 1882.

Gross/Wilson: Edmond Gross and Myrtle Wilson, page 216, Dated:  April 23, 1914, Leslie Co., KY, at J.B. Wilson residence, Witnesses: Joe Slusher and J.B. Helton

Gross/Brock:  William Gross and Sarah Brock page 238  Dated Nov. 25, 1914, at Eph (NOTE: Ephraim) Brock’s residence in Leslie Co., KY. Witnesses: Eph Brock, Barbara Helton, John Brock, Bernice Brock. Performed by R. Caldwell, J.P.

Roark/Roark:  John Roark, Jr. to Lizzie Roark  page 184  Wedding Date: Feb. 8, 1913 at John C. Roark’s residence in Leslie Co., KY. Witnesses: John H. Napier,  John C. Roark, and Elijah Simpson. Performed by: R. Caldwell, J.P.

Roark/Nolan:  James Roark and Mella Nolan page 204  Wedding: July 15, 1912 at grasse yeard on Oakly Fork, Leslie County. Witnesses: Dillion Sizemore and Frank Nolan. Performed by E.L. Osborne, MS

Roark/Smith:  Elhannon Roark and Linda Smith  page 210  Dated: Feb. 14, 1914 at Miller Smith’s  in Leslie County. Witnesses: Frank Smith, Reynold Bowling and Hughes Smith. Performed by: James Bowling, J.P.

Roark/Smith:   D.B. Roark and Dosha Smith  page 234 Dasted: Aug. 17, 1914 at A.B. Dixon’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: W.S. Young and Nancy Dixon. Performed by: W.H. Mattingly

Roark/Collett:   page 256  Dated: September 8, 1915 at Roark, Leslie County. Witnesses: M.C. Collett, Phebe Sizemore. Performed by: Thomas Slusher.

Roark/Collett:  Loyd Roark and Polly Collett  page 254  Loyd: born in Leslie County, parents born in Clay County, 21 yrs. old. Polly: born in Leslie County, parents born in Clay County, 17 yrs. old. Dated: July 13, 1915 at Dillion Collett’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: Dillion Collett and Virgil Collett. Signed (Performed by) Wm. Collett, Minister.

Roark/Roark:  John L. Roark and Dora B. Roark  page 270  John: 23 yrs. old and Dora 21 yrs. old. Dated: Nov. 30, 1915 at W.D. Roark’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: W.D. Roark and Willie Brock. Performed by W.C. Collett, Minister.

Roark/Baker:  Lawrence Roark and Lucy Baker  Lawrence: 21 yrs. old, born in Leslie County, first marriage. Lucy: 23 yrs. old, born in Lelsie County, 2nd marriage. Dated Dec. 10, 1915.

Brock/Collett:  John Brock and Laura Collett at Roark, Leslie Co., KY. Witnesses: Martha and Willie Brock.  Performed by: W.C. Collett, Minister  page 271

Brock/Gross:  Jack Brock (age 27) and Amy Gross (age 21) in Lelsie County. Dated May 1, 1916.

Book 3 February 1896 – September 1916:

Whitehead/Brock:  Levi Whitehead and Mahala Brock  Wedding: Feb. 22, 1908 at Peter Wilson’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: Julia and Lawrence Wilson. Performed by Peter Wilson, Minister.  page 80

Whitehead/Caldwell:  William Whitehead and Rebecca Caldwell  page 102  Wedding: Nov. 20, 1909 at Green Caldwell’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: Green and John Caldwell. Signed:  John M. Caldwell

Whitehead/Collett:  Farmer Whitehead and Alice Collett   page 186  Wedding: Aug. 21, 1913 at Polly Asher’s in Lelsie County. Witnesses:  J.H. Asher, Polly Asher, and Nancy Asher. Performed by G.R. Caldwell, J.P.

Whitehead/Saylor:  H.M. Whitehead and Martha Saylor   page 192  Dated: July 6, 1913 at Mile Branch in Leslie County. Witnesses: Henry Morgan and James Slusher. Signed: S.L. Saylor.

Whitehead/Day:  James Whitehead (21 yrs. old) and Lula Day (18 yrs. old)  page 252  Dated: June 16, 1915 at Isaac Day’s in Leslie County. James: 21 yrs. old, born in Leslie County, Father born in Clay County and Mother born in Leslie County. Lula: 18 yrs. old, born in Leslie County, Father born in Perry County and Mother born in Perry County.

Marriage Book 4:

Asher/Fairchild:  J.B Gross, minister: Jacob Asher married to Polly Fairchild Feb. 6, 1886

Brock/Brock:  John Brock to Mary Brock Oct. 16, 1900 Marr. by J.J. Hensley at Dillion Sizemore’s in Lelsie County, Oct. 11, 1900. Witnesses: Dillion Sizemore
The (NOTE: Theophilus )Brock

Brock/Rice:  Dec. 4, 1882 Solomon Brock and Chinie Rice. Perforned by J.B. Gross at Joseph Baker’s, Leslie County, Dec. 16, 1882. Witnesses: Jos. Baker and Evaline Baker

Brock/Napier:  Washington Brock and Elizabeth Napier by Wm. Templeton, Rev. at Johnathan Hensley’s in Leslie County, Sept. 26, 1886. Witnesses: Wm. Slusher and Harvy Hensley

Brock/Roark:  Ephraim Brock and Martha Roark by William Templeton, Minister of the Gospel at Thimothy Pennington’s in Lelsie County, Oct. 26, 1887. Witnesses: Thimothy Pennington and Wm. Roark

Baker/Roark:  James Baker to Elizabeth Roark by Wm. Templeton at Leslie County, KY on Oct. 28, 1887. Witnesses: Lincoln Wilson and Delaney Bowlin

Belcher/Gross: David Belcher and Sarah Gross married by A.B. Gross at Richard Gross’s at Lesllie County May 18, 1892. Witnesses: Z.B. (B.R.?) Caldwell and William Belcher

Brock/Collett:  Alexander Brock and Mattie Belle Collett by D.W. Sisemore at P.L. Collett’s in Leslie County Dec. 2, 1893. Witnesses: The (Theophilus) Brock and Caloway Hoskins

Patrick/Brock:  Amon Brock and Hettie Patrick  by J.B. Gross at Schoolhouse in Leslie County, KY, Dec. 1, 1894. Witnesses: J.C. Napier and W.S. Mosley

Brock/Gross:  Sampson Brock and Alabama Gross by Joseph Caldwell at Richard Gross’s in Leslie County, KY on March 10, 1896. Witnesses: John Gross’s and Joshua Caldwell

Boling/Roark:  William Boling and Burly Roark by Johnathan Hensley at J.J. Hensley’s in Leslie County, April 30, 1893. Witnesses: W.H. Hensley and John C. Roark

Collett/Pope:  Ingram Collett to Elizabeth Pope by Wm. Templeton at E.W. Robinson’s in Leslie County, Nov. 5, 1886. Witnesses: Stokley Bowlin and E.W. Robinson

Caldwell/Brock:  Jacob Caldwell  to Matildia Brock, b. J.B. Gross, minister at J.B. Gross’s in Leslie County, Feb. 6, 1887. Witnesses: Andrew Brock and Joseph Caldwell (Page 18)

Callihan/Lewis:  Isaac Callihan and Rachel Lewis by John M. Day, Minister, at John M. Day’s, Leslie County, A;ril 13, 1894. Witnesses: Henry Coots and Catherine Day (page 20)

Couch/Whitehead:  Taylor Couch to Nancy Whitehead by W.B. Eversole at Hyden, Leslie County, May 29, 1893. Witnesses: Clark Eversole and J.L. Maggard

Whitehead/Helton:  Millard Whitehead to Sarah Helton by Wm. Gross at James Helton’s in Leslie County, March 11, 1886. Witnesses: James & Robert Helton

Whitehead/Baker:  Dec. 21, 1887 Taylor Whitehead and Becca Jane Baker by Levi Pennington at Levi Pennington’s, Lesllie County, Dec. 25, 1888. Witnesses: John Baker and Hewy Day

Whitehead/Pennington:  March 21, 1893  Joshua Whitehead and Candy Pennington by Rev. Isaac M. Day at J.M. Day’s residence, Leslie County, March 23, 1893. Witnesses: W.M. Day and Cety Pennington (page 145)

Whitehead/Gross:   Feb. 5, 1893 Wm. Whitehead and Margaret Gross by R.J. Shepherd, JPLC at J.B. Gross’s in Leslie County, Feb. 5, 1893. Witnesses: John Whitehead and Wm. Muncy

Whitehead/Collett:  Feb. 24, 1894  James Whitehead and Martha Collett by J.B. Gross at Wm. Muncy’s, Leslie County, Feb. 25, 1894. Witnesses: D.W. Sizemore and W.C. Collett (page 146)

Whitehead/Muncy:  Dec. 6, 1895  Carter Whitehead and Sarah Muncy by J.B. Gross, Bishop, at H.W. Hays’s, Leslie County, Dec. 6, 1895. Witnesses: H.W.  Hays and Mall Griffith

Whitehead/North:  May 18, 1895  John Whitehead and Cathern North by J.J. Hensley at J.J. Hensley’s, Leslie County, May 18, 1893 (just as it is written). Witnesses: Lige North and John Roark

Whitehead/Griffiths:  April 11, 1896  John Whitehead to Catherine Griffiths  by Blevins Sizemore at A.B. Griffiths, Leslie County, April 11, 1896. Witnesses: Ance Roberts and B.S. Griffiths

Whitehead/Begley:  Jan. 22, 1896  William Whitehead to Margaret Begley by Rev. H.H. Bailey at Gran Begley’s, Leslie County, Jan. 22, 1896. Witnesses: Robert and Jesse B. Begley

Whitehead/Brown:  March 17, 1899 Farmer Whitehead and Alabama Brown by J.J. Hensley , Minister, at Jas. Whitehead’s, Leslie County, March 17, 1899. Witnesses: James Whitehead and Samuel Mosley

Whitehead/Saylor:  August 21, 1898 Henry Whitehead and Martha Saylor by A.B.(?) Gross, Leslie County, August 21, 1898. Witnesses: E.L. Howard and Frank Gross

Whitehead/Wells:  August 7, 1903  Pillip Wells and Susan Whitehead by A.P. Shepherd, M.G. at Cutshin, Leslie County,, August 8, 1903. Witnesses: Sylvania and Rebecca Shepherd (page 151)

Whitehead/Farmer:  Feb. 25, 1904  Henry Whitehead to Lucy Farmer by Jos. Caldwell at James Farmer’s, Leslie County, Feb. 25, 1904. Witnesses: James Farmer and John Hill

Marriage Book 4:

Rourk (Roark)/Collett:  Page 113  James Rourk (Roark) and Martha Collett, by Wm. Templeton, Minister of the Gospel, at Wm. Templeton’s  house, Oct. 27, 1887. Witnesses: Elizabeth Templeton and Feriby Brock

Roark/Sisemore:  Hance Roark and Sarah Sisemore, by Blevins Sizemore, at Robert Sizemore’s home, Leslie Co., KY  on May 2, 1890. Witnesses: John Sisemore and James Roark

Roard (Roark?)/Simpson:  Carter Roard (Roark?) and Nancy Simpson, by J.M. Caldwell, Minister, at Calvin Saylor’s home, Leslie Co., KY, Jan. 23, 1890. Witnesses: The (NOTE: Theophilus) Brock and Ingram Collett

Roark/Templeton:  March 15, 1891  John Roark, Jr. to Feby Jane Templeton by D.W. Sisemore, JDLC, at D. W. Sizemore’s, March 15, 1892 (as it is written). Witnesses: John B. Napier and Andrew Simpson

Roark/Brown:  Nov. 30, 1891  Wade Roark and Mintie Brown by J.J. Hensley, at John Brown’s in Leslie Co., KY on Dec. 31, 1891. Witnesses: George Brown and Silas Nance

Roark/Sisemore:  June 22, 1892  Boone Roark and Louisy Sisemore, by D.W. Sizemore at Hance Roark’s in Leslie Co., KY, Nov. 23, 1892. Witnesses: E.W. Sizemore and James Sisemore

Marriage Book 7  Nov 1884 – Nov 1894

Whitehead/Baker: #182 Taylor Whitehead and Becca Jane Baker, Dec. 21, 1887. Taylor: Living in Leslie Co., KY, 21 yrs. old, b. Clay Co., KY, farmer. Becca Jane: 17, living in Leslie Co., KY, she and her parents were born in Perry Co., KY.

Marriage Book 8: 4/1906 – 12/1909

Whitehead/Pennington:  #6  John Whitehead to Hulda Pennington on May 5, 1906. John: Living in Leslie County, 21, Farming, born Leslie County, KY. John’s father: Jackson (NOTE: Andrew Jackson) Whitehead, Mother: Amy (NOTE: Pennington) Whitehead, born Perry County, KY. Hulda: Living in Leslie County, KY, 22, born in Leslie County, KY, Father: Green Pennington and Mother: Betty Pennington, born Perry County, KY.

Whitehead/Caldwell:  #466  William Whitehead to Rebecca Caldwell, Nov. 19, 1909. William: Born in Lelsie County, 3rd marriage, farmer, born Clay County, KY, Name of father: William Whitehead, Name of Mother: Madeline Doling (NOTE: Boling?). Rebecca: Living in Perry County, 2nd marriage, born in Perry County, KY.

Marriage Book 10A:

Gross/Wilson:  Edmond Gross: Residing in Leslie County, Number of marriages: 1, Occupation: Farmer, to Myrtle Wilson, Residing in Leslie County, KY, Number of marriages: 1, Born in Leslie County, Father and Mother born in Clay County. Included is a note from her father giving permission for this marriage to take place. Witnessed: April 18, 1914 (#17)

Gross/Brock:  William Gross Residing in Bell County, 38 years old, Occupation: Farming, Born in Harlan Co., KY, Parents born in Harlan Co., KY, to Sarah Brock, Born in Leslie County, KY, Parents born in Clay County, KY, also 38 years old, Second marriage for her, Dated: October 14, 1914.

Couch Cemetery Leslie County Ky


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 17-03-2009


Submitted to the KyGenWeb by: J.P. Downard

This Cemetery is located 4.3 miles west of the Hyden, Spur Exit Toll Gate,
upon the hillside, on the right side of the Daniel Boone Parkway, (from the
exit toward Manchester) as you go down Couch Fork not far from the mouth of
Bob Fork. There are two cemeteries located in this area, one is on the left
of the road. and the other is on the right. Dates and names copied September
10, 1979 by Oleta Morgan &- Olene Bailey.

Two graves are upon the hillside in back of the cemetery, outside the cemetery.


GEORGIA S. COUCH, Mar. 8. 1905 Jan. 14, 1975 wife of Ray Couch
(Georgia was a. Sizemore)
LAURA COUCH Nov. 12, 1918 Nov. 17,1977
NEVILI,E COUCH Oct. 10,1939 April 5, 1978 son of Laura
JERRY COUCH May 22, 1951 Sept. 10, 1972 son of Will/ shot at Bob Fork
JIMMY RAY HOSKINS Oct. 26, 1949 Mar. 3. 1971 son of Effie McCoy
(Shot near Hazard)
HAROLD GIBSON July 30, 1955 Nov. 5, 1977 shot in ambush Bob Fork
HENRY S. COUCH Aug 5, 1892 April4, 1968
EULINA C. HO-OKINS May 8. 1947 Jan. 199 1970 DAU. OF TESTER COUCH
J.C.COUCH June 26, 1935 May 7. 1968 son of Tester Couch
MANDA FAY LEAR Mar. 7, 1955 May 7, 1969/
Two Small Graves

BARBARA ANN BEGLEY June 17 1968 infant dau.of Willie Begley
DAVID BEGLEY Mar.18, 1969
JOHN BLEVINS 1895 1970
BURCHEL COUCH date unknown Aug. 8, 1949 son of Carr Couch
Unmarked grave
GEORGE COUCH 1380 1954
BILL COUCH Jan. 6. 1869 April 16, 1953 son of John & Nancy
(called “Dirty Beard”)
POLLY JAI.IE (COUCH) 1874 May 5, 1942
ALONZO COUCH Sept. 26, 1936 Dec. 30, 1970 killed in the mine explosion at
Hurricane Creek, Leslie Co., KY
which killed 38 miners.
WILLIAM COUCH Dec. 25, 1852 Aug. 2, 1926 ASLEEP IN JESUS
JANE COUCH June 20, 1859 June 22, 1910
4 unmarked graves
(same stone)
REV. HENRY COUCH Dec. 8, 1884 Oct. 2, 1950 FATHER
WILLIAM CARR COUCH June 27, 1941 Feb. 14, 1969/
WILLIAM COUCH Nov. 25, 1892 Mar.9,1951 GEORGIA SGT. INF. World War I
Unmarked grave
FRED SIZEMORE Oct. 23, 1905 Dec. 12, 1969/
DOROTHY ELIZABETH MARIE MORGAN/ April 3. 1959 Mar. 11, 1967/
MOLLIE BURKS Mar. 10, 1883 Dec. 23, 1962/

JOHN FRANCIS HAMPTON Mar. 27, 1962 Mar. 27, 1962
POLLY ANN EVERSOLE June 5. 1915 April 29, 1967 AT REST
JOHN COUCH Dec. 25, 1886 June 23, 1953 AT REST

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Land Grants


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Misc | Posted on 20-02-2009

Leslie County Land Grants

Grantee                 Acres   Survey Date     Bk  Watercourse 

Adam,Solomon            100     4/ 1/1885       108 Cutakin Creek 
Adams,Solomon           10      4/24/1891       118 Cutshin  
Adams,Solomon           10      4/24/1891       118 Rorne Fork Cutshin  
Asher,Annie             200     9/11/1890       115 Hals Fork 
Asher,Elizabeth         50      9/24/1884       107 None  
Asher,Emily             40      7/28/1916       124 Wootens Creek 
Asher,Emily             50      1/ 7/1907       122 Browns Creek& Jacks Cr
Asher,G M               100     12/11/1888      111 Laurel Fork 
Asher,G M               100     12/11/1888      111 Laurel Fork
Asher,H L               200     12/12/1888      111 Grassy Fork 
Asher,Hannah            200     12/11/1888      111 Grassy Fork 
Asher,Henry             100     2/20/1886       108 Sugar Creek 
Asher,Jackson           200     8/20/1884       107 Rock Lick Branch 
Asher,James F           50      7/18/1890       114 Steel Trap Branch 
Asher,Jno H
McKinley & Dillion      50      7/26/1920       125 Middle ForkKy R
Asher,Jno H
McKinley & Dillion      50      7/26/1920       125 Lower Bad Creek
Asher,John H
McKinley & Dillion      100     12/29/1919      125 Middle Fork Ky R
Asher,Joseph            200     8/20/1884       107 Fork Ridge  
Asher,Permelia          200     8/29/1888       111 Jacks Creek 
Asher,Polly             100     2/ 8/1890       113 Bavins & Jacks Creek 
Asher,Robert            100     8/20/1890       114 Bowins Creek 
Asher,Robt              50      6/20/1890       114 Bowens Creek 
Asher,W M               200     12/ 1/1884      107 Long Branch 
Asher,Wm                50      7/19/1890       114 Red Bird  
Ausborn,Edward          50      11/13/1890      115 Bull Creek
Ausbourn,Hiram          50      2/ 1/1892       116 Collins Fork 
Ausburn,Edward          25      4/ 9/1890       113 Bowling Branch 
Ausburn,James           25      12/11/1889      114 r h ForkBull Creek 
Ausburn,James           50      10/ 4/1889      112 Henrys Fork 
Ausburn,James           50      7/22/1887       112 Bull Creek 
Ausburn,James           50      9/ 4/1800       114 Hell for Certain Creek 
Bailey,Andrew J         200     9/ 1/1887       111 l h Fork Burnt Camp Creek 
Bailey,B F              100     7/27/1887       110 Bear Branch 
Bailey,B F              50      7/28/1887       110 Venesio Creek 
Bailey,Green            60      4/23/1913       125 Little Cane Branch 
Bailey,James Jr         50      6/19/1882       106 Wootons Cr
Bailey,James S          25      12/13/1889      113 Polls Creek 
Bailey,James S          25      6/18/1890       114 Pals Creek 
Bailey,James S          25      6/18/1890       114 Wootens Creek 
Bailey,John M           200     12/ 1/1886      111 Bawns Creek 
Bailey,Wm M             200     8/31/1887       111 Coon Creek 
Baker,Arch              100     9/ 4/1889       112 None  
Baker,Daniel            25      12/19/1911      124 Second Fork Wootens Creek 
Baker,Danl              25      5/19/1882       160 Dans Branch Wootons Creek 
Baker,Henderson         50      12/26/1889      114 Lick Fork Wootens Creek 
Baker,J W & J M         25      9/ 2/1890       114 Bull Hollow  
Baker,J W               24      2/18/1919       125 Puncheon Camp Branch 
Baker,James             50      4/ 8/1890       114 Hell for Certain  
Baker,Jesse             100     7/22/1885       108 Lick Fork 
Baker,Jno W             25      10/29/1889      113 r h Fork Greasy Creek 
Baker,L G & J M         50      9/ 6/1890       114 Polls Creek Cutshin  
Baker,L G               25      7/25/1890       114 Fred Williams Branch 
Baker,L G               50      9/ 6/1889       114 Cutshin
Baker,Wm                15      2/15/1892       116 White Oak Fork 
Baker,Wm                25      9/20/1879       114 l h Fork Lick Fork 
Baker,Wm                25      9/ 5/1889       113 Pleasant Branch 
Baker,Wm                50      1/ 3/1891       115 Lick Fork 
Baker,Wm                75      9/ 5/1889       112 Polls Creek 
Baker,Wm                8       1/21/1892       117 Poles Creek 
Barger,Delaney          200     6/20/1890       114 Cutshin Cr
Barger,Jane             200     6/20/1890       114 Cutshin Creek 
Barger,Jesse G          40      3/22/1890       114 Rush Creek 
Barger,Lewana           30      1/27/1895       118 Rush Creek 
Barker,Henry            200     9/ 3/1889       112 Cutshin  
Bedwell,J W             100     12/28/1889      113 Jerry Gap  
Begley,A L              20      11/ 7/1896      122 M Fork Ky R  
Begley,Alex             50      5/14/1883       105 Mile Branch 
Begley,Alexander        100     2/13/1884       108 Wolf Pen Br
Begley,Ballard          200     4/ 2/1889       112 Greasy Fork 
Begley,E Y              10      8/28/1903       120 Buck Hollow Spruce Pine Cr
Begley,E Y              10      8/20/1902       120 Spruce Pine Creek 
Begley,E Y              30      8/27/1902       120 Spruce Pine Creek 
Begley,E Y              50      3/ 1/1890       114 M Fork R  
Begley,E Y              75      9/23/1891       116 Sugar Camp Creek 
Begley,F F              100     8/ 8/1884       107 Bull Creek 
Begley,F T              50      8/ 8/1884       107 None  
Begley,Fannie           200     8/20/1887       109 Salt Peter Gap  
Begley,Granville        100     10/14/1890      116 M Fork Ky R  
Begley,Hiram & Samuel   100     3/17/1890       113 Middle Fork & Bull Creek 
Begley,J C              25      1/12/1904       121 Road Fork 
Begley,Jackson          50      5/15/1890       114 Cane Branch 
Begley,Jackson          50      5/15/1890       114 Camp Branch
Begley,Jesse B          100     10/13/1890      117 M Fork R  
Begley,John Y           100     9/27/1889       112 Hell for Certain  
Begley,Melvel           25      11/20/1890      122 McIntosh Creek 
Begley,Melvel           50      1/20/1891       115 Nancy Sizemore Branch 
Begley,Pharris          100     5/16/1890       114 Camp Branch 
Begley,R M              30      3/18/1919       125 Cool Branch 
Begley,Samuel C         80      9/13/1890       115 Wilder Branch 
Begley,Sherman          100     12/13/1889      112 Hell for Certain  
Begley,Thee             100     5/10/1890       114 McTushes Creek 
Begley,Thee             50      5/17/1890       114 Spring Branch 
Begley,Thee             50      5/17/1890       114 Trace Fork Elkhorn Creek 
Bentley,W P             100     9/13/1889       112 Old Roan Waters  
Blakeman,Robert E       70      1/28/1903       120 Hell for Sartin  
Bledsoe,James M         50      4/27/1903       120 N Lovely Waters  
Boggs,Bish              26      7/20/1917       125 Clearwater  
Boggs,D C               100     12/ 5/1888      111 Red Bird & Elisher Crs
Boggs,Elizabeth         50      12/13/1889      114 Short Fork Wolf Creek 
Boggs,J C               50      12/ 6/1888      111 Bear Branch 
Boggs,Levi              100     10/ 1/1889      112 Wolf & Rohue Crs  
Boggs,Levi              100     8/12/1889       12 Bear Branch 
Boggs,Matilda           50      1/13/1890       114 Coon Creek 
Boggs,Silas             50      9/11/1889       112 Bear Wallow  
Boggs,Silas             50      9/11/1889       112 Bad Creek 
Boggs,Silas             50      9/11/1889       112 White Oak & Bad Creek 
Boling,W E              100     1/30/1891       115 Camp Branch 
Bowlin,J H              7       1/ 2/1883       107 Hurts Creek 
Bowlin,John H           18      1/ 2/1883       107 Hurts Creek 
Bowlin,Polly            65      1/18/1903       120 Elkhorn Creek 
Bowlin,Robert E         50      9/13/1890       115 Coal Branch 
Bowlin,Robert E         50      9/13/1890       115 Coal Br
Bowlin,Stockely         50      12/26/1882      113 S Fork M Fork Ky R  
Bowlin,Stokely          200     12/15/1882      109 Ballingers Creek 
Bowling,A L             10      9/21/1918       125 Old House Branch 
Bowling,Ben             50      3/20/1918       125 Rush Creek 
Bowling,Felix G         10      3/25/1918       125 Rush Creek 
Bowling,Felix G         50      3/20/1918       125 Rush Creek 
Bowling,Finley          25      4/17/1909       123 Coal Branch 
Bowling,Mary Jane       100     10/ 31/1889     112 Macles Creek 
Bowling,Wm              10      9/17/1918       125 Ned Begley Fork 
Bowman,C G              200     16/30/1890      114 Greasy Fork 
Brashears,R O           200     2/15/1883       105 Crafts Colly  
Brewer,J C              50      10/31/1890      115 Cutskin Creek 
Brock,Amon              50      9/11/1889       112 l h ForkBad Creek 
Brock,Andrew            50      2/12/1885       107 Ky R
Brock,Andrew            50      8/20/1881       105 l h Fork Marrowbone  
Brock,Sampson           70      4/16/1917       125 Marrowbone Creek 
Brock,Washington        50      1/22/1885       108 M Fork 
Brock,Washington        50      11/11/1884      109 White Oak  
Brock,Wm                10      1/27/1894       117 Dry Fork War Branch 
Brock,Wm                10      1/26/1894       117 Elk Branch 
Brock,Wm                25      4/16/1917       125 N Marrowbone Creek 
Brown,H B               198     1/ 2/1904       121 Rock & Lick Forks 
Brown,H H               50      8/23/1890       114 Beech Fork 
Brown,Henry             50      10/29/1889      112 Stone Coal Creek 
Brown,Henry H           50      8/25/1886       113 Stone Coal Br
Brown,Wm                50      7/ 2/1890       114 Long Fork Camp Creek 
Browning,D W & Wilson   50      7/21/1891       116 2nd Fork Wootens Creek 
Browning,J A            35      3/29/1907       122 Kane Br
Buckhart,Edmond         50      10/18/1881      104 Buck Fork 
Buckhart,Edmund         100     10/18/1881      104 Branch Buck Fork 
Buckhart,Elizabeth      100     3/27/1885       107 None  
Buckhart,Jacob          150     2/ 2/1885       109 Bear Branch 
Buckhart,Jacob          50      10/17/1881      101 Keywood Fk
Burkhart,S C            50      9/10/1891       116 Buch Fork 
Burkheart,Wm            25      10/21/1903      120 Rock Fork Wild Branch 
Burkheart,Wm            25      10/21/1903      120 S Beech Fork 
Burkheart,Wm            25      10/21/1903      120 Rock Hollow  
Burton,James D          25      9/16/1891       116 Jackson  
Byrd,Thos A             125     10 /9/1902      120 Laurel Fork 
Caldwell,Joshua         100     10/28/1890      115 Spruce Pine M Fork 
Caldwell,Samuel         50      11/20/1890      115 Greasy Branch 
Caldwell,Wm             50      10/27/1890      115 Phillips Fork 
Calvert,Cleon K         60      8/10/1912       124 Tlockey Water Cutshin  
Calwell,Hardey          40      4/17/1917       125 M Fork Ky R  
Campbell,John           25      5/16/1890       115 1 Fork Wilders Branch 
Campbell,John           75      5/17/1890       115 Trace & Buck Fork 
Caudell,James           50      6/14/1912       124 Wootens Creek 
Causey,Stephen          100     9/ 6/1889       114 Lane Branch 
Causey,Wm               50      10/30/1889      113 R House Cr
Causey,Wm               50      9/ 6/1889       113 Cutshin Creek 
Chamberlain,Henry       100     11/ 5/1886      109 Big Cr
Chamberlain,Henry       100     11/ 1/1886      109 Sugar Creek 
Chape,Allen             200     7/31/1883       106 BranchGreasy Creek 
Chapel,Carter           100     3/ 7/1888       110 BranchRed Bird  
Chapel,Jno C            50      9/1890          116 r ForkLewis Creek 
Chapel,John C           50      2/22/1888       110 Beech Fork 
Chapel,John C           50      2/22/1888       112 Upper Double BranchGreasy Fork 
Chapel,Wilson           100     3/ 7/1888       110 BranchRed Bird
Chappel,Sarah           100     1/ 7/1890       113 S ForkKy R  
Chappell,Elizabeth      50      1/30/1884       107 Beech Fork 
Chappell,Fannie         150     7/30/1883       106 Elk Creek 
Chappell,Fannie         50      7/30/1883       106 Elk Creek 
Chappell,George         25      11/12/1889      112 Greasy Fork 
Chappell,George         50      12/11/1888      111 Greasy Fork 
Chappell,George         50      7/24/1889       112 None  
Chappell,Henry M        200     7/30/1883       106 Elk Creek 
Chappell,Reuben         200     3/13/1883       107 Red Bird  
Chappell,Sarah Jane     200     7/30/1883       106 Elk Creek 
Clarkston,Thomas        25      9/28/1882       104 Bear Branch 
Clarkston,Thos          100     9/30/1882       105 ForkRidge Bear Branch 
Coats,H M               25      1/25/1891       117 Cutskin Creek 
Coats,James H           50      9/30/1890       116 Trace Fork 
Coats,Silvester         50      3/30/1885       112 Rockhouse Fork 
Coats,Sylvester         25      8/18/1890       116 Rockhouse Branch 
Coffey,D S              25      9/23/1890       115 Wootens Creek 
Coffey,D S              75      9/23/1890       115 Polls Creek 
Coldwell,Hardy          50      4/ 1/1918       125 Turkey Branch 
Collett,Elias           50      1/22/1909       123 Bowmans Creek 
Collett,W J             50      8/21/1890       114 Jacks Cr
Collett,Wiley           50      1/16/1890       114 Jacks Creek 
Collins,Henry           100     9/26/1890       122 Collins Fork 
Collins,Swimpfield      50      9/26/1890       122 Halfway Branch 
Combs,G B               10      7/ 4/1912       124 Coal Branch 
Combs,G B               10      7/ 4/1912       124 Coal Branch 
Coots,H C               50      4/ 2/1885       108 Trace Fk
Coots,Henry C           50      12/ 4/1882      104 Trace Fork 
Coots,Vinie             200     4/ 1/1885       108 Branch Cutskin Creek 
Coots,W B               10      5/28/1910       123 Oldhouse Branch 
Cornett,Arch            100     12/ 2/1882      105 Laurel Fork Cutshin  
Cornett,R H             55      7/ 4/1905       121 Richie Fork 
Cornett,Robert          50      1/ 9/1892       117 Laurel Fork 
Cornett,Robt            25      11/20/1889      113 Rich Fork Laurel  
Cornett,Wm & Robt       50      10/31/1889      113 Cutshin Cr
Cornett,Wm              175     5/18/1892       117 Laurel Fork 
Cornett,Wm G            50      1/ 9/1892       117 Laurel Fork 
Couch,Abijah            50      5/20/1890       115 ForkBull Creek 
Couch,George            50      8/ 4/1913       124 Halls Fork 
Couch,Jesse             50      3/ 4/1885       108 Aaron Branch 
Couch,John              10      3/28/1918       125 Cats & Collins Fork 
Couch,John              200     3/18/1885       108 Bear Branch 
Couch,Levi              50      12/22/1890      113 Bob Fork Macies Fork 
Couch,Wilkerson         200     12/30/1889      113 Bull Creek 
Crawford,Wm L           150     9/30/1882       104 Ky R  
Crawford,Wm L           50      12/20/1882      104 Bear Branch 
Creech,Elisha L         25      8/11/1883       106 Big Branch Wooten Creek 
Creech,Henry            30      8/18/1903       120 Laurel Watern  
Cross,George F          150     6/30/1890       114 Greasy Fork 
Culton,J Morgan         100     10/ 9/1895      118 Henrys Fork Halls Fork 
Culton,J Morgan         50      10/ 9/1895      118 Henrys Fork 
Culton,John W           200     9/11/1890       115 Hals Fk
Culton,M M              175     4/13/1898       118 r Fork Lewis Creek 
Culton,Mary R           200     9/12/1890       115 Collins Fork 
Daniel,K F              50      8/15/1890       114 Camp & Johns Creek 
Daniel,K F              50      8/15/1890       114 Camp Creek 
Davidson,John           50      6/17/1890       114 Bull Creek 
Dilon,Louisa            50      12/ 6/1902      120 Johnson Rock House Creek 
Dixon,A B               6       10/29/1910      123 Johnsons Rock house Creek 
Dixon,J C               100     3/20/1885       108 Short Creek 
Dixon,Louisa            10      10/23/1905      122 Rockhouse Cr
Dixon,R L               10      4/27/1918       125 Owls Nest Creek 
Dixon,Wm                75      7/17/1904       121 Cutshin Creek 
Duff,A J                25      11/20/1903      121 White Oak Cr
Duff,A J                50      8/ 4/1903       120 White Oak Creek 
Duff,Andrew             100     6/23/1890       114 Peter Branch 
Duff,G A                50      9/21/1883       108 Dug Fork 
Duff,Jackson            50      6/23/1890       114 Rocky Hollow Mile Branch 
Duff,Jackson            75      6/23/1890       114 Simms Branch 
Duff,James              200     9/22/1883       108 Peter Branch 
Eastridge Felix         25      8/21/1890       115 Spruce Pine Beech Fork 
Estep,James             10      1/17/1916       125 Big Creek 
Eversole,Abner          25      7/20/1903       120 Cumberland Fork 
Eversole,Clark          100     6/ 6/1884       108 Trade Branch 
Eversole,H C            100     1/22/1883       104 Coal Branch 
Eversole,H C            50      1/24/1883       104 Trace Branch 
Eversole,John B         50      5/16/1890       114 Wilder  
Eversole,Lewis          50      8/31/1887       112 Mill BranchMaceys Creek 
Eversole,W B            30      3/ 7/1893       122 Hals Fork 
Fadden,J W & M C        100     6/ 9/1890       114 Hals Fork 
Farmer,Wm A             25      6/23/1890       114 Spruce Pine Fk
Feltner,Felix           50      10/ 8/1890      115 Deep Ford Br
Feltner,J W             200     8/29/1889       112 None  
Feltner,J W             200     8/29/1889       112 McIntosh Creek 
Feltner,J W             200     8/29/1889       112 McIntosh Creek 
Feltner,John B          50      5/14/1890       114 Stacey Fork 
Feltner,John B          50      5/14/1890       114 Hickory Log Hollow  
Feltner,John B          50      5/14/1890       114 Sign Board Fork 
Feltner,John B          50      6/14/1890       114 McIntoshes Creek 
Feltner,Lewis           42      10/20/1905      122 Elises Branch 
Feltner,Lewis           8       10/20/1905      122 Elises Branch 
Feltner,Rebecca         100     9/15/1891       115 Mill Creek 
Feltner,Wain            15      10/16/1905      122 Cutshin Creek 
Feltner,Wm              200     3/30/1882       102 Sugar Creek 
Fields,Hampton          100     6/30/1890       114 Greasy Fork 
Fields,Maylen           200     9/19/1882       104 Bill Bale Branch 
Fields,Nancy Marget     125     8/ 1/1883       106 Upper Bent Branch 
Finley,J M              50      11/ 4/1889      114 Big Creek 
Finley,J M              50      11/ 4/1889      114 Big CreekRed Bird  
Finley,J M              50      11/ 4/1889      114 Big Cr
Finley,Maning           25      3/ 5/1891       117 Wrens Branch 
Garrard,Gilbert         200     8/20/1884       107 None  
Garrard,Mary            200     12/ 1/1884      107 Birch Fk
Garrison,Ballinger      25      9 /1883         107 Lick Branch 
Garrison,Ballinger      50      2/24/1883       105 Laurel Branch 
Garrison,Bellinger      50      9/14/1883       107 None  
Garrison,Elihuge        50      9/14/1883       107 None  
Garrison,Elihuge        50      9/14/1883       107 Gibberts Creek 
Garrison,Elishu         100     3/ 5/1885       108 Stinnett Creek 
Garrison,Granvill       100     1/18/1883       104 Road Fork 
Garrison,Granvill       25      1/17/1883       104 Big Branch 
Garrison,Granvill       50      1/18/1883       104 Big Branch 
Garrison,Henry          50      8/22/1883       107 Gibbert Cr
Garrison,Henry          75      8/23/1884       107 None  
Garrison,John           30      1/13/1891       115 Camp Creek 
Garrison,John           50      12/21/1885      108 Elishas Creek 
Garrison,Leonard        50      3/ 5/1885       108 Elishas Creek 
Garrison,Louisa         40      10/ 7/1903      120 Big Stinnett Waters  
Garrison,Louisa         60      10/ 7/1903      120 Big Stinnett Creek 
Garrison,Martha         10      12/ 5/1888      111 Bear BranchRough Branch 
Garrison,Martha         200     8/23/1884       107 None  
Garrison,Martha         40      12/ 5/1888      111 Dry Branch& Hog Hollow  
Garrison,Martha Jane    25      11/27/1889      112 Elishos Creek 
Garrison,Martha Jane    25      12/ 7/1888      111 l h ForkElisher Creek 
Garrison,Martha Jane    50      3/ 5/1885       108 Elisha Creek 
Garrison,Nicholas       125     4/ 3/1897       118 Mosely Cabin Branch 
Garrison,Simeon         50      8/22/1883       107 Gibberts Creek 
Garrison,Simon          100     11/26/1886      110 Gilberts Creek
Garrison,Simon          25      2/24/1883       105 l h ForkCreek 
Garrison,Simon          50      2/24/1883       150 Laurel Branch 
Gay,Allen               50      1/ 7/1919       125 M ForkKy R  
Gay,Elijah              50      7/21/1890       115 M ForkKy R  
Gay,Rdward              25      9/15/1890       115 Coal Branch 
Gay,William             100     10/15/1890      115 John Langdons Branch 
Gay,William             100     10/15/1890      115 Long Fork John Langdon Branch 
Griffetts,William       100     10/22/1881      102 Upper Double Creek 
Griffitts,James         25      9/ 2/1890       114 Cushin  
Griffitts,John          80      6/15/1888       111 Hell for Sartin  
Gross,A B               20      5/13/1891       116 Marrowbone Creek 
Gross,Jacob             100     9/ 6/1883       107 Buck Fork 
Gross,James B           100     2/22/1890       114 M ForkKy R  
Gross,Richard           50      10/28/1890      115 Phillips Fork 
Gross,William           150     2/ 1/1890       114 Beech Fork 
Gross,William           50      2/ 1/1890       114 Beech Fk
Hacker,James            20      4/ 3/1890       115 Monnsey Creek 
Hall,B J                50      12/19/1892      117 Woodins Fork 
Hall,Ella J & Matilda   70      9/10/1892       121 Beech & M Fork Ky R  
Hall,Jane               200     2/17/1891       115 Not Lick Branch 
Hall,John & P J         100     2/18/1891       115 Upper Bad Creek 
Hall,John & P J         50      2/18/1891       115 Fort Parker  
Hall,John & P J         50      2/17/1891       115 Lick Branch 
Hall,John               200     3/23/1884       108 Bad Creek 
Hall,John H             200     1/31/1888       110 Sams Branch
Hall,Matilda            200     2/17/1891       115 M ForkKy R  
Hall,P J                50      12/18/1884      108 Bad Creek 
Hall,Polly              100     3/11/1885       108 Trace Branch 
Hall,William            200     7/ 5/1887       109 Sams Branch 
Hamblin,Peter           100     2/19/1890       113 Bullskin Creek 
Hamilton,D F            25      12/27/1897      118 Wooten Creek 
Hamilton,Ira            40      9/23/1890       115 Wootens Creek 
Hamilton,Nelson H       10      7/20/1895       118 Grassy Branch 
Hamilton,R M            100     12/25/1889      113 Wootens Creek 
Hamilton,R M            50      2/27/1893       118 Wootens Creek
Hart,J H                7       2/ 9/1907       122 M ForkKy R  
Hart,Jonathan           50      3/30/1891       116 Buck Fork 
Hartt,W L               50      9/ 6/1883       106 E Spur Poplar,Gap  
Helton,Alexander        100     8/26/1890       114 M Fork 
Helton,R L              10      8/12/1907       123 Willis Branch 
Helton,William          25      11/12/1891      116 M ForkKy R  
Hendrickson,John R      10      8/19/1902       120 Cutskin Creek 
Hendrickson,John R      10      8/19/1902       120 Cutskin Creek 
Hendrickson,William     200     3/27/1885       108 Branch Cutskin Creek 
Hendrix,John R          60      4/23/1913       125 Little Cane Branch 
Hendrixson,James        25      3/20/1891       116 Fork Lower Williams Branch 
Hendrixson,James        50      3/20/1891       116 r Fork Lewis Creek 
Hensley,Andrew          100     7/19/1889       112 Big Creek 
Hensley,Andrew          100     7/18/1889       112 None  
Hensley,Andrew          25      1/20/1883       107 None
Hensley,Cling           50      6/11/1890       114 Bullskin  
Hensley,Emery           100     9/ 1/1887       109 l h Fork Big Creek 
Hensley,Emery           100     9/ 1/1887       109 l h Fork Macys Fork 
Hensley,Emery           200     10/ 9/1888      111 Ulyses Creek 
Hensley,H H             50      11/19/1890      115 N M Fork 
Hensley,H M             8       3/20/1913       124 M Fork Ky R  
Hensley,H M             8       5/19/1913       124 M Fork Ky R  
Hensley,Henry M         100     4/30/1913       124 M Fork Ky R
Hensley,Jonathan        75      2/10/1890       114 White Oak  
Hensley,Thos            25      2/18/1924       126 l Fork Ulysses Creek 
Highnight,Joseph        50      11/ 1/1890      115 Trace Br
Hignight,Abijah         200     3/ 2/1891       116 Trace Branch 
Hignight,Joseph         150     11/ 1/1890      115 Trace Branch 
Hilton,James J          100     12/13/1884      107 Branch White Oak  
Hilton,Nancy            100     9/29/1884       107 Middle Fork 
Hollan,Eli              50      5/23/1888       111 Fork Big Creek 
Hollands,Eli            25      11/24/1888      111 Macies Fork Big Creek 
Hoskins,Carle           50      8/27/1890       114 M Fork 
Hoskins,Carlo B         15      2/ 5/1909       123 M ForkKy R
Hoskins,Carlo B         22      3/24/1909       123 Salt Will Branch 
Hoskins,Carlow          50      9/ 2/1887       113 Trace Branch 
Hoskins,Ezekiel         50      9/ 3/1887       114 Spruce Pine  
Hoskins,Felix           200     10/31/1885      108 Round Hole Creek 
Hoskins,George          50      9/ 6/1883       107 Ky R  
Hoskins,H W             10      2/15/1904       121 Bad Creek M Fork 
Hoskins,Haywood         75      5/31/1890       114 Lower Bad Creek 
Hoskins,Hiram           200     9/25/1884       108 Hals Fork 
Hoskins,Irvin           50      2/23/1883       105 Barnet Rock Branch 
Hoskins,Irvin           50      5/ 3/1890       114 Lower Bad Creek 
Hoskins,James           25      1/30/1890       113 Rocky Hollow
Hoskins,John            50      12/19/1891      117 Laurel Fork 
Hoskins,W R             100     10/ 8/1890      115 Cutskin Creek 
Howard,Andrew           200     12/20/1888      82 Hell for Certain Creek 
Howard,Andrew           25      9/19/1889       112 Hurts Creek
Howard,Andrew W         50      1/24/1891       115 Beech Fork
Howard,Andrew W         50      8/24/1886       113 Beech Fork 
Howard,E C              100     10/27/1885      108 Greasy Fork 
Howard,E C              75      10/27/1885      108 Greasy Creek 
Howard,E S              10      9/29/1906       122 Spruce Pine & Laurel Branch 
Howard,E S              100     10/28/1890      115 Spruce Pine M Fork 
Howard,E S              150     1/17/1885       107 None  
Howard,E S              50      8/25/1890       114 Philips Fork 
Howard,Easom            25      2/ 1/1883       105 Poplar Gap  
Howard,Isaac            10      12/ 5/1896      118 Wolf Fork 
Howard,Iseral           50      1/25/1883       105 Greasy Fork 
Howard,Israel           50      10/18/1884      107 Gilberts Creek 
Howard,Isreal           100     10/21/1884      107 Gilberts Creek 
Howard,J W              25      8/25/1890       114 Sandy Fork 
Howard,J W              50      8/25/1890       114 Phillips Fork Red Bird  
Howard,Jno              50      3/24/1890       113 Muncies Creek 
Howard,Sarah            200     1/ 5/1886       108 Johnson Rockhouse Creek 
Howard,Wm M             25      4/ 2/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Howard,Wm M             25      4/ 1/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Howard,Wm M             50      4/ 2/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Hubbard,Elijah          100     1/15/1891       115 Halls Fork 
Hubbard,Elijah          100     9/27/1890       115 Halls ForkBig Creek 
Hubbard,Eliza           50      3/ 3/1885       108 Bull Creek 
Huff,Blevins            50      11/20/1890      116 Meadow Fork
Huff,Edward             25      6/30/1890       114 Potatoe Creek 
Huff,Eli                100     4/11/1889       112 Greasy  
Huff,I W                50      6/ 4/1912       124 Laurel Fork Trace Branch 
Huff,Jno C              150     10/21/1907      123 Richardsons Fork 
Huff,John C             30      5/31/1913       125 M Fork Ky R  
Huff,John C             75      9/30/1890       115 Pound Mill Branch 
Huff,Pleasant           100     9/27/1890       115 M Fork 
Huff,Taylor             25      9/16/1891       116 Jackson Fork 
Huffaker,Joseph         100     9/30/1889       112 Buckeye Fork 
Huffaker,Joseph         37      8/23/1889       112 Hell for Certain  
Huffaker,Joseph         63      8/23/1889       112 Hell for Certain  
Ingle,Henry             50      5/19/1882       106 Grassy Lick  
Ingle,Wm                25      12/14/1889      117 Grassy Br
Ingle,Wm                25      4/12/1882       102 M Branch Polls Creek 
Jeffries,James H        100     7/ 1/1890       114 Cawood Branch 
Jeffries,James H        50      7/12/1890       114 Mile Branch 
Johnson,L C             50      4/ 1/1918       125 Muggy Fork Turkey Branch 
Johnson,Tennessee       100     1/17/1904       121 Rush Creek 
Johnson,Thos            25      1/20/1890       113 Macies Fork 
Jones,Edward            25      6/ 4/1894       117 Bull Cr
Jones,Irvin             50      8/19/1887       111 Sugar Camp  
Jones,J C               10      6/12/1907       123 Bull Creek 
Jones,Wm                200     4/10/1886       109 Big BranchHell for Certain  
Jones,Wm                50      30/ 4/1889      112 Macies Fork 
Jones,Wm M              50      8/21/1883       106 r h Fork& l h ForkElisha Creek 
Joseph,George           100     1/ 8/1890       113 Cutskin Creek 
Joseph,Jno              75      10/30/1889      113 Long & White Oak Branch 
Joseph,John             50      6/20/1890       114 Coones Creek 
Joseph,Philip           150     3/31/1885       108 Lick Fork 
Joseph,Philip           50      3/31/1885       108 Cutskin Creek 
Joseph,Reason           100     12/ 2/1882      105 Trace Fork 
Joseph,Rutha            100     3/20/1890       113 Cutskin Creek 
Kilburn,Floyd           25      10/10/1910      123 Polls Creek 
Langdon,John            50      10/16/1890      115 John Langdon Branch 
Langdon,Samuel          30      10/14/1890      117 Little BranchM ForkKy R  
Langdon,Samuel P        100     10/13/1890      117 Couch Creek 
Langdon,Samuel P        30      10/13/1890      117 John Langlins Branch 
Langdon,Simeon          50      2/20/1886       111 Sugar Cr
LaRue,J Edgar           50      7/ 9/1908       123 Jump Branch 
Ledford,Caleb L         10      6/ 6/1912       124 Big Creek 
Ledington,Jeremiah      50      5/31/1884       107 Levy Branch 
Lewis,A B               100     8/23/1881       103 Dick Jones Br
Lewis,A B               100     8/23/1881       103 Wolf Pen Branch 
Lewis,Allen             200     9/ 7/1887       109 Macys ForkBig Creek 
Lewis,Christopher       150     9/ 7/1889       112 Wolf Creek 
Lewis,Christopher       150     9/ 7/1889       112 Wolf Creek 
Lewis,Christopher       50      9/ 7/1889       113 Peter Branch 
Lewis,Christopher       50      9/ 7/1889       113 Peter Branch 
Lewis,D T               10      7/ 1/19005      121 Cutskin & None  
Lewis,Daniel            50      11/ 5/1887      110 Gilberts Creek 
Lewis,David             50      10/30/1889      113 r Horse Creek 
Lewis,David             50      10/30/1889      113 r Horse Creek 
Lewis,David             50      3/31/1884       112 None  
Lewis,David             50      3/31/1884       112 None  
Lewis,David             50      9/ 6/1889       113 Cutshin Creek 
Lewis,David             50      9/ 6/1889       113 Cutshin Creek 
Lewis,Drucilla          200     11/22/1887      110 Borens Creek 
Lewis,E L               200     12/20/1888      82 Hell for Certain Creek 
Lewis,Fannie            100     12/20/1888      82 Hell for Certain Creek 
Lewis,Fannie            100     9/21/1887       109 Sugar Camp Branch 
Lewis,Grover Cleveland  100     9/20/1889       112 Polls Creek 
Lewis,Grover Cleveland  100     9/20/1889       112 Polls Creek 
Lewis,Henry D           10      4/25/1902       120 Hurt Creek 
Lewis,Hiram             10      2/ 8/1910       123 Flacky & Owis Nest  
Lewis,Hiram             5       2/ 8/1909       123 Road Fork Flacky  
Lewis,Isaac             50      10/19/1887      110 Hurricane Creek 
Lewis,J L               60      9/11/1917       125 Bob Fork Chandlers Branch
Lewis,J L               8       5/12/1913       124 Elises Branch M Fork Ky R  
Lewis,James             10      9/14/1880       110 Spruce Pine  
Lewis,James             25      12/22/1882      105 Ruff Fork Murts Creek 
Lewis,James             50      2/24/1883       105 Gilberts Big Creek 
Lewis,James L           100     9/ 5/1887       109 Lower Dill Branch 
Lewis,Jno C             50      2/16/1892       116 Cutshin Creek 
Lewis,Jno Sr            50      3/11/1885       113 M Fork Ky R
Lewis,Jno Sr            50      3/11/1885       113 M Fork Ky R
Lewis,John              50      12/19/1888      111 Hell for Sartin Creek 
Lewis,John H            10      4/27/1918       125 Owls Nest Creek 
Lewis,John Jr           25      3/21/1885       108 Johnsons Rock House Creek 
Lewis,John Jr           50      3/21/1885       108 Sheppard Br
Lewis,John Jr           50      1881            101 Sower Creek 
Lewis,John Sr           50      3/22/1882       104 Hurts Creek 
Lewis,Joseph R          25      1/29/1891       115 Laurel Fork 
Lewis,Joseph R          36      1/29/1891       115 Macies Fork 
Lewis,Joseph R          50      8/ 8/1890       114 Hell for Certain  
Lewis,Larkin            50      1/10/1891       115 Larkin Lewis Branch 
Lewis,Loucrettia        180     5/ 3/1898       118 Sand Lick Fork
Lewis,Lourenza          200     8/30/1888       111 Jacks Cr
Lewis,Lucrelia          20      4/19/1900       119 Road Fork 
Lewis,Mathias           100     12/ 5/1889      113 None  
Lewis,Mathias           100     12/ 5/1889      113 None  
Lewis,Nathan            100     12/20/1882      105 Trace Fork Cutshin  
Lewis,R J               100     2/12/1885       107 None  
Lewis,R J               50      12/13/1884      107 Bear Wallow  
Lewis,R J               50      9/28/1884       114 M ForkSpruce Pine  
Lewis,Samuel            100     8/28/1889       112 Branch Cutshin  
Lewis,Samuel            100     8/28/1889       112 Branch Cutshin  
Lewis,Sarah A           25      1/18/1883       105 Burnt Camp Creek 
Lewis,Sarah A           50      2/24/1883       105 Deer Lick Branch 
Lewis,T G               100     2/16/1885       116 Marrowbone  
Lewis,T G               100     4/24/1881       100 Hurts Creek 
Lewis,T G               100     9/ 5/1889       112 Polls Creek 
Lewis,T G               100     9/ 5/1889       112 Polls Creek 
Lewis,Thaddeus          25      3/24/1891       117 Coon Creek 
Lewis,Wilson            30      4/15/1903       120 Cutskin  
Lewis,Wm                25      10/24/1903      121 Cane Hollow  
Lewis,Wm                50      1/13/1891       115 Wolf Creek 
Lewis,Wm                50      10/ 2/1917      125 Wilders Branch 
Lewis,Wm H              10      1/10/1917       120 Hurte Creek 
Lyttle,Malory S         100     1/24/1880       99 Bull Creek 
Madden,Alex             100     11/ 3/1903      120 Lewis Creek 
Madden,Alexander        10      5/ 1/1903       120 Rockhouse Fork 
Madden,Alexander        14      5/ 1/1903       120 Rockhouse Branch 
Maggard,Gilbert         15      10/16/1905      122 Cutshin Creek 
Maggard,Israel          200     12/28/1885      109 Fryers Branch Cutshin  
Maggard,James           50      9/ 6/1889       114 Cutshin  
Maggard,James L         200     9/30/1889       112 Rockhouse Fork 
Maggard,Jas             25      7/25/1890       114 Fred Williams Branch 
Maggard,Jno A           100     6/19/1890       114 Cutshin  
Maggard,John            25      9/11/1889       112 BranchCutshin  
Maggard,John L          10      3/29/1907       122 Camp Branch 
Maggard,Joseph          100     3/12/1890       113 Owis & Flacky Creek 
Maggard,Moses & Reuben  75      12/13/1889      114 Beechbottom Branch 
Maggard,Reuben          25      2/18/1915       124 Meeting House Branch 
Maggard,Saml            25      3/20/1890       114 Rockhouse Fork M Fork 
Maggard,Samuel & James  75      12/13/1889      114 Beechbottom Branch
Maggard,Samuel          125     12/29/1885      109 Fryers BranchCutshin 
Maggard,Samuel          20      12/27/1889      113 Beechbottom Branch 
Maggard,Samuel          35      9/ 6/1889       112 Friers BranchCutshin  
Maggard,Samuel          70      12/27/1889      113 Orchard Branch 
Maggard,W R             10      12/16/1895      118 Eli Vanover Branch 
Marcum,Anna             150     1/30/1890       113 Sugar Creek 
Marcum,Anna             25      2/ 8/1890       113 Sugar Creek
Marcum,Anna             25      3/14/1890       113 Sugar Creek 
Marcum,Hiram            200     10/ 9/1888      111 Ulyees Creek 
Marcum,Thomas           50      9/25/1884       107 None  
Matingly,I              100     10/15/1887      111 Jones Branch 
Mattingly,Ignatius      50      1/ 1/1884       108 Beech Fork 
Mattingly,Ignatius      50      1/ 1/1844       108 Peter Branch 
Mattingly,Lucy Jane     50      10/ 2/1917      125 Wilder Branch
Mattingly,Mary          10      3/ 2/1906       122 Mucys Creek 
Mattingly,Mary          40      3/28/1913       124 M Fork Ky R  
Mattingly,Mary          50      1/ 7/1907       122 Browns Creek Jacks Creek 
Mattingly,Mary Jane     50      3/18/1890       114 Muncys Creek 
Mattingly,Wm H          30      3/26/1912       124 M ForkKy R  
McCollum,Mary           100     11/27/1888      111 Aaron Branch 
McCollum,Mary           50      11/ 4/1889      113 Sugar Creek
McCollum,Mary M         50      11/27/1888      111 Hall Fork 
McCollum,Wm             150     11/23/1888      111 Sugar Creek 
McCreary,Hiram          50      11/ 3/1890      115 Elishas Creek 
McCreary,Hiram          50      11/ 3/1890      115 Red Bird  
McCullom,Sally Ann      200     4/ 9/1884       106 Hals ForkBig Creek 
McCullom,Wm             200     9/26/1882       105 L H ForkBear Branch 
McDaniel,Daniel         25      4/10/1891       116 Cutshin Creek 
McFadden,A H            100     2/ 9/1883       105 L H ForkBear Branch 
McFadden,J W            50      6/ 9/1890       114 Bar Branch 
McFadden,J W            50      6/ 9/1890       114 Bear Branch 
McLewis,Daniel          100     9/30/1882       105 ForkRidge Bear Branch 
Melton,Abner            50      5/15/1890       115 McIntosh Creek 
Melton,Preston          10      8/18/1914       124 BranchCutshin Creek 
Miller,John A           100     9/ 4/1889       112 Cutshin  
Minard,Benj             100     4/10/1889       112 Lovely Fork& Laurel  
Minard,Benj             50      4/10/1889       112 Greasy Fork 
Miniard,J H             40      1/23/1913       124 Lower Lick Branch
Miniard,Jno             50      3/24/1890       113 Bear Branch 
Miniard,Jno B           100     3/24/1890       113 Rockhouse Fork 
Miniard,Jno B           50      4/24/1890       113 Lewis Creek 
Miniard,Nancy           60      3/25/1905       121 Greasy Fork 
Morgan,A B              200     9/ 1/1888       110 Burnt Camp Creek 
Morgan,Allen            50      12/ 9/1902      120 Salt Mill Branch 
Morgan,Armildia         200     1/25/1889       112 Bad Creek 
Morgan,E L              100     10/22/1883      106 Fks Big Branch 
Morgan,E L              100     10/22/1883      106 Upper Double Branch 
Morgan,E L              125     8/22/1890       114 Phillips ForkRed Bird  
Morgan,E L              45      12/30/1891      116 Upper Jacks Creek 
Morgan,E L              55      12/31/1891      116 Phillips Fork 
Morgan,Edmon & Hugh     50      2/26/1883       106 M ForkKy R  
Morgan,Edmun            100     10/29/1885      108 Greasy Fork 
Morgan,Elisha Allen     50      2/ 10/1890      113 Maces Fork 
Morgan,Elisha Allen     50      4/ 3/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Morgan,Elisha Allen     50      4/ 3/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Morgan,F M              100     1/23/1883       104 Burnt Camp Branch 
Morgan,F M              35      9/ 1/1887       110 Camp Creek 
Morgan,F M              50      1/19/1883       104 Trace Branch 
Morgan,Felix G          100     8/10/1884       107 Big Rock Hollow  
Morgan,Felix G          25      9/ 8/1890       114 M ForkKy R  
Morgan,Felix G          75      10/24/1890      115 Bad Creek 
Morgan,G M              50      8/31/1889       112 Hurricane Creek 
Morgan,G M              75      1/ 4/1890       113 Camp Creek
Morgan,G W              200     10/ 1/1889      112 Rockhouse Fork 
Morgan,H M              100     3/29/1890       113 Stinnetts Creek 
Morgan,H M              100     3/29/1890       113 Little Stinnett Creek 
Morgan,Henderson        50      2/ 9/1885       107 Ky R  
Morgan,Henderson        50      7/13/1887       109 Short Creek 
Morgan,Hugh             50      10/18/1884      107 Gilberts Creek 
Morgan,Hughes           50      8/ 7/1889       112 Greasy Fork 
Morgan,Hun              50      1/51/1883       105 Greasy Fork 
Morgan,Israel           100     6/ 5/1884       107 Muncies Creek
Morgan,James            25      12/ 6/1889      114 Short ForkWolf Creek 
Morgan,James            50      1/ 7/1890       114 Cutshins & Wolf Creek 
Morgan,James            50      12/ 6/1889      113 Fryers Branch 
Morgan,James            75      1/ 9/1890       114 Baty Creek 
Morgan,James D          10      12/ 4/1903      120 Bills Branch 
Morgan,James D          40      11/ 9/1903      120 N Ky R  
Morgan,Jas              175     3/12/1890       114 Cutshin & Wolf  
Morgan,Jasper           25      6/10/1890       114 Short Creek 
Morgan,Jasper           25      6/ 9/1890       114 Camp Creek 
Morgan,Jasper           50      7/13/1887       109 Short Creek 
Morgan,Jesse            50      9/13/1887       110 Burnt Camp Creek 
Morgan,Jessee           7       8/19/1890       114 None  
Morgan,Jessee Sr        50      8/19/1890       114 Camp Creek 
Morgan,Jno D            50      10/24/1890      116 Upper Bad Creek 
Morgan,John B           100     10/21/1884      107 Gilberts Creek 
Morgan,John E           10      9/ 5/1890       115 Rockhouse Creek 
Morgan,John E           100     10/ 7/1890      115 Cutshin Creek 
Morgan,John E           36      5/20/1890       114 Hurts Creek 
Morgan,John E           40      4/ 8/1890       114 Rockhouse Creek 
Morgan,Laurence         30      3/ 26/1912      124 M ForkKy R 
Morgan,Leander          87      3/10/1890       113 Munceys & Short Crs  
Morgan,Martha           11      4/ 2/1890       114 Trace Fork 
Morgan,Martha           200     1/17/1885       107 None  
Morgan,Martha           200     8/27/1889       112 Coon Creek 
Morgan,Martha           25      8/ 9/1890       114 Hurricane  
Morgan,Martha           39      4/ 2/1890       114 Muncies Creek
Morgan,Martha           50      1/26/1891       115 Phillips Fork
Morgan,Rebecca          150     6/10/1890       114 Lower Bad Creek 
Morgan,Rebecca          25      6/10/1890       114 Johns Creek 
Morgan,Rebecca          25      8/10/1890       114 Greasy Fork
Morgan,Samuel           25      7/27/1883       106 Morgan Upper Branch & M BranchM Fork 
Morgan,Samuel           50      7/27/1833       106 M Fork Ky R  
Morgan,Sarah            100     4/ 3/1890       113 Ridge  
Morgan,Sarah            100     4/ 3/1890       113 Stinnett  
Morgan,Susan            10      3/ 2/1906       122 M Fork Ky R  
Morgan,Taylor           50      4/30/1906       122 M Fork Ky R  
Morgan,Vinia            200     8/31/1887       109 Coon Creek
Morgan,Wilson           200     10/31/1885      108 Greasy Fork 
Morgan,Wm               20      12/ 1/1891      116 Coal Branch 
Morgan,Zack             50      11/23/1882      104 M Fork R  
Mosely,Elihu            25      12/10/1902      120 Old House Branch
Mosely,H                10      1/28/1903       120 Muncies Creek 
Mosely,Henry            25      7/27/1883       106 M Creek & Muncys Creek 
Mosley,Elihu            22      12/30/1898      118 r Fork Stone Coal  
Mosley,Elihu            25      3/17/1890       114 Muncies Creek 
Mosley,Elihu            59      12/30/1898      118 Brushy Fork 
Mosley,Elisher          38      7/27/1906       122 M Fork R  
Mosley,Henderson        3       6/14/1911       124 Muncies Creek 
Mosley,M C              10      5/ 1/1907       123 Trace Fork Muncles Creek 
Mosley,Samuel           50      8/23/1883       107 Buck Fork 
Mosley,W S              25      8/29/1903       121 Lick Branch 
Mosley,W S              50      11/20/1899      119 Lick Branch 
Mosley,Wiley            100     9/30/1890       115 Bowlins Branch 
Mosley,Wm Shelby        50      3/10/1899       118 Marion Branch & Beech Fork 
Mosly,Henderson         10      1/14/1911       120 Sugar Camp Branch 
Mosly,Henry             100     1/ 4/1883       104 Big Branch 
Muncey,John M           50      12/ 5/1890      115 Coon Creek 
Muncy,John              100     6/15/1888       111 Hell for Sartin  
Munsey,Jane             150     12/ 4/1890      115 Bad Creek 
Munsey,Jane             50      12/ 4/1890      115 Bad Creek 
Munsey,Jno              100     8/ 6/1887       109 M Fork Ky R  
Munsey,John             50      8/20/1890       115 None  
Munsey,John             50      8/20/1890       115 Big Fork Coon Creek
Munsey,John             50      8/20/1890       115 Lower Bad Creek 
Nantz,George            200     10/20/1883      108 Elk Creek 
Nantz,James             100     12/29/1884      107 Ky R 
Napier,Crittenden       50      6/ 7/1890       115 Rob Fork 
Napier,Dillian          25      8/31/1889       112 Short Creek 
Napier,Dillian          25      8/31/1889       112 None  
Napier,Dillien          25      4/ 4/1890       113 Big Laurel Fork 
Napier,Jacob            25      10/28/1889      112 Thos Hoskins Branch 
Napier,James            50      11/13/1890      115 Hell for Certain  
Napier,James            70      9/ 6/1883       107 None  
Napier,Jno J            25      5/12/1891       116 Upper Bad Creek 
Napier,John             30      5/ 6/1889       112 Hell For Certain Creek 
Napier,John H           50      3/21/1885       108 Trace Fork 
Napier,John H           50      3/21/1885       108 Trace Fork
Napier,Nancy            200     2/27/1886       108 Little Laurel  
Napier,Raney            50      12/11/1889      113 Bull Creek 
Napier,Raney            50      5/20/1890       114 Bull Creek 
Napier,Robert           25      11/27/1890      115 M Fork Gays Creek 
Napier,Robert           25      12/ 1/1890      115 Hurricane Branch 
Napier,Robert           50      11/29/1890      115 Greasy Branch 
Napier,Wm & W G         50      12/12/1889      114 Bull Creek
Napier,Wm               25      7/19/1898       118 Henry Fork Bull Creek 
Napier,Wm               35      3/ 3/1890       113 Munceys Creek 
Napier,Wm               50      12/11/1889      113 Bull Creek 
Napier,Wm               50      8/19/1907       123 Mecting House Branch 
Nickolas,Josiah         50      9/24/1891       116 Philllp Fork 
North,James             200     9/16/1881       102 Phillips Fork 
North,Jno               100     2/13/1890       113 Bull Creek 
North,John              10      10/16/1918      125 Hell for Sartin  
Osborn,Edmund           50      5/20/1890       114 Bowlin Branch Bull Creek 
Osburn,Ed               50      12/ 8/1903      120 Hell for Sartin Creek 
Osburn,Ed L             25      7/19/1898       118 Henry ForkBull Creek 
Pace,Daniel             100     4/ 1/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Pace,Daniel             50      4/ 2/1890       113 Salt Well Branch
Pace,Eliza              50      10/15/1890      115 John Langdons Branch 
Pace,Henry              50      10/ 7/ 1896     118 CreekRed Bird  
Pace,Henry              50      4/ 1/1890       113 Little Stinnett  
Pace,John W             25      5/24/1890       114 Bulskin Creek 
Pace,Wm                 10      10/10/1896      121 Pigeon Roost Branch 
Pace,Wm                 100     4/ 2/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Pace,Wm                 50      4/ 2/1890       113 Big Stinnett  
Pennington,Levi         50      12/21/1891      116 Bear Branch
Pennington,Levi         50      2/ 6/1890       113 White Oak Branch 
Pennington,Timothy      50      2/18/1884       107 Sandy Branch 
Potter,R G              200     2/20/1886       108 Bear Branch 
Purchfield,D C          10      11/ 2/1903      120 Greasy Fork 
Razor,Henry             100     10/ 1/1889      113 Rock House & Creasy  
Reece,Edward N          200     8/31/1887       111 Coon Creek 
Roark,James             50      1/24/1891       116 Jacks Creek 
Roark,James             50      3/ 1/1890       114 M ForkRed Bird  
Roark,John              200     2/28/1890       114 Red Bird  
Roark,John              50      8/20/1890       114 Bevins Creek 
Roark,John A            50      4/10/1892       117 Jacks Creek
Roark,John Jr           100     10/24/1890      115 Jacks Creek 
Roark,John W            50      3/12/1916       125 Old House Branch 
Robert,Farmer           100     6/17/1886       108 Sugar Creek 
Roberts,Ace             150     9/30/1882       106 ForkBcar Branch 
Roberts,D W             100     8/ 9/1889       124 Chanler Branch 
Roberts,D W             30      2/18/1909       123 Peach Orchard Branch 
Roberts,David W         100     10/ 8/1888      111 Chandlers Branch 
Roberts,Farmer          100     1/16/1883       106 Bear Branch 
Roberts,Farmer          100     4/ 2/1884       110 Halls Fork 
Roberts,Felix           200     8/17/1887       109 Owis Nest Creek 
Roberts,Pierce          200     4/ 8/1884       106 Hals ForkRed Bird  
Roberts,Samuel          100     7/13/1887       109 Short Creek 
Roberts,Samuel          50      2/ 1/1883       108 Short Creek 
Roberts,Sumuel          50      8/ 8/1889       112 Short Creek 
Roberts,Thomas          10      2/23/1892       117 Owl Nest Creek
Roberts,Thomas          100     2/22/1882       104 M ForkKy R  
Roberts,Thomas          50      4/ 5/1890       113 Owis Nest  
Roberts,Thomas          50      7/18/1889       112 Big Creek 
Roberts,Thos            50      2/19/1890       113 Briar Branch 
Roberts,Thos            50      2/19/1890       113 Straight ForkUlisses C r  
Roberts,W J             200     9/ 1/1887       110 Mays Fork
Roberts,Williams        50      4/16/1906       122 Arion Branch 
Roberts,Wm              200     10/ 9/1888      111 Ulyses Creek 
Roberts,Wm              30      10/20/1905      122 M ForkKy R  
Roberts,Wm              50      7/ 5/1890       114 Julius Creek 
Robinson,Elias W        100     3/ 6/1885       109 Lower Bad Creek 
Root,Robert             200     8/30/1888       11 Jacks Creek 
Rowlings,D K            65      7/29/1887       110 Bull Creek 
Rumsey,George A         25      11/10/1888      111 Gambrells Branch 
Rumsey,Janes L          200     11/23/1887      110 Poplar Log Fork 
Saylor,Burdine          100     2/27/1882       104 Ky R 
Saylor,Eli              100     3/ 1/1886       108 M ForkKy R  
Saylor,J B              100     7/28/1890       114 Dry ForkSpruce Pine  
Saylor,Joseph           50      3/ 1/1886       108 M ForkKy R  
Saylor,Mary             50      1/31/1894       117 Trace Branch 
Shell,A B               100     7/ 1/1890       114 Laurel Creek 
Shell,A B Sr            100     7/22/1890       114 White Oak Branch
Shell,A B Sr            50      7/23/1890       114 BranchGreasy Creek 
Shell,Allison           100     7/21/1885       108 Laurel Fork
Shell,Alson             100     2/ 7/1882       107 Bad Creek 
Shell,Elizabeth Jr      25      7/ 1/1890       114 Upper Buffaloe Branch 
Shell,Elizabeth Jr      75      7/ 1/1890       114 Upper Double Branch 
Shell,John Sr           50      7/ 9/1890       114 BranchLaurel Creek 
Shell,Nancy             200     3/28/1885       108 Cutskin Creek 
Shell,Nancy             25      7/11/1890       114 Laurel  
Shell,Nancy             25      7/ 8/1890       114 Lewises Creek 
Shell,Nicholas          25      8/23/1890       114 Cutshin  
Shell,Nickilus Sr       50      9/11/1880       112 Cutshin  
Shell,Nickolas          150     3/26/1885       108 Low Gap Fork 
Shell,S B               100     2/25/1903       120 Lovely Water  
Shell,Sarah C           100     7/11/1890       114 Laurel  
Shell,Sarah C           100     7/10/1890       114 Elk Branch 
Shell,Wm C              50      1/ 7/1883       105 Bad Creek 
Shepherd,Reason         100     6/26/1890       114 Lick Fork 
Shull,Jno T             12      2/ 4/1892       116 M ForkRockhouse Creek 
Sisemore,Abijah         50      3/20/1890       114 Rockhouse Creek 
Sisemore,Blevins        50      6/24/1884       107 Lishes Creek
Sisemore,Hiram          100     6/24/1884       107 Lishes Creek 
Sisemore,John           100     6/24/1884       107 Lishes Creek 
Sisemore,John           50      6/24/1884       107 Lishes Creek 
Sisemore,Luther         50      8/19/1887       112 None  
Sisemore,Samuel         25      9/11/1890       115 Spruce Pine Hollow Sugar Creek 
Sisemore,Wm             200     3/18/1885       108 Gamble Branch 
Sisemore,Wm             50      2/ 5/1884       107 Ky R  
Sisemore,Wm             50      4/10/1884       107 Mill Branch 
Sizemore,Blevins        50      1/19/1893       117 Stewarts Creek 
Sizemore,Geo A          50      8/ 6/1887       109 M ForkKy R  
Sizemore,Hiram          45      3/28/1917       125 Red Bird  
Sizemore,Hiram          50      5/31/1892       117 Lick Fork 
Sizemore,Hiram          50      5/31/1892       117 Woodson Fork
Sizemore,Jackson        100     9/21/1887       109 Bull Creek 
Sizemore,Jackson        25      9/ 4/1890       114 nr Dick Jones Branch 
Sizemore,Jackson        25      9/ 4/1890       114 Bull Creek 
Sizemore,Jackson        50      3/ 4/1883       109 Jacks Creek 
Sizemore,James          100     8/31/1888       112 ForkJack Creek 
Sizemore,James          50      3/22/1882       104 Red Bird  
Sizemore,James          50      8/20/1887       114 Oakley Fork 
Sizemore,James Sr       50      8/27/1896       118 Jacks Creek 
Sizemore,Jno            50      3/19/1890       113 Munces Creek 
Sizemore,Joseph         50      9/ 2/1887       109 Lower Dill Branch 
Sizemore,Luther         100     2/ 5/1887       109 Woodsons Branch 
Sizemore,Luther         25      7/ 7/1890       114 Rockhouse Creek 
Sizemore,Nancy          100     10/ 5/1889      112 Bull Creek 
Sizemore,Robt           50      2/ 1/1892       116 Collins  
Sizemore,Sallie Ann     10      5/25/1907       123 Ashers Branch 
Sizemore,Sally Am       50      6/20/1890       114 Middle Fork 
Sizemore,Sally Ann      10      5/25/1907       123 M Fork 
Sizemore,Sally Ann      50      6/20/1890       114 Middle Fork 
Sizemore,Winney         50      1/19/1893       117 Punchcon Creek 
Sizemore,Winney         50      5/19/1890       114 Muncys Creek 
Sizemore,Wm             100     2/10/1890       113 Bull Creek 
Sizemore,Wm             50      11/18/1884      109 M ForkKy R  
Sizemore,Wm             50      5/14/1883       105 Mile Branch 
Sizemore,Wm             50      8/ 5/1884       109 Old House Branch
Slusher,James R         20      5/14/1891       116 Buck Hollow  
Slusher,Joe Jr          10      9/20/1911       124 M Fork 
Slusher,Joseph          25      6/23/1890       114 Dry Fork 
Slusher,Procter I       200     9/15/1884       107 Red Bird  
Slusher,Wm              150     9/15/1884       107 Phillips Fork 
Slusher,Wm              50      12/21/1891      116 M Fork Ky R  
Slusher,Wm              50      2/12/1885       107 Ky R 
Smith,Blevins           25      9/24/1885       113 M ForkKy R  
Smith,Isaac             25      5/28/1890       114 Walnut Branch& Chinkey Branch 
Smith,Isaac             25      5/28/1890       114 Greasy Branch 
Smith,Isaac             50      5/28/1890       114 Cane Branch
Smith,Washingotn        10      8/10/1906       122 Big Stunett & Grcasy  
Steel,G H               50      1/16/1886       108 Lick Fork 
Steel,Geo H             50      7/22/1887       109 1000 Stick Fork 
Steele,G H              25      4/ 8/1890       114 1000 Sticks Branch 
Steele,G H              25      7/14/1890       114 Bull Creek 
Stidham,Hiram           22      12/23/1903      121 Jacksons Fork 
Stidham,Hiram           50      12/10/1903      121 Traler Branch 
Stidham,Rilie           15      10/15/1910      124 Wooten Creek 
Stidham,Wm              100     12/18/1882      107 Flackeys Branch 
Stubblefield,John       50      6/ 9/1890       114 Smith Branch 
Swillivan,Reason        50      10/20/1885      108 Simeons Branch 
Taylor,Geu W            75      9/10/1891       116 Beech Fork 
Templeton,Marion        100     1/25/1889       112 Bad Creek 
Templeton,Marion        50      9/11/1890       114 Big Branch 
Templeton,Wm            200     1/25/1889       112 Bad Creek 
Turner,David            100     6/27/1890       114 Greasy Fork 
Turner,Flijah           50      6/ 1/1903       120 Two Lick Branch 
Turner,John             25      10/30/1889      114 BranchGreasy Fork 
Turner,Nathan           50      9/11/1889       112 Cowhead Branch
Valentine,Wade          12      11/ 1/1890      115 Hell for Sartin  
Valentine,Wade          12      6/38/1890       115 Wilders Branch 
Vanover,A L             100     1/ 8/1891       116 J C Brewer Branch 
Vanover,Archibald       100     2/15/1882       102 Pole Cat Branch 
Vernon,Anna             12 1/2  12/ 6/1889      113 Long Branch 
Vernon,Anna             50      1/ 7/1890       114 Cutshin & Wolf Crs  
Vernon,Anna             50      12/ 6/1889      113 Fryers Branch 
Vernon,Anna             75      1/ 9/1890       114 Baty Creek 
Vernon,Anna A           175     3/12/1890       114 Cutshin & Wolf  
Vernon,Annie            25      12/ 6/1889      114 Short ForkWolf Creek 
Vernon,James            50      8/12/1889       112 Bear Branch 
Vernon,James            50      9/ 5/1889       112 Shepherd Branch
Vernon,James A          50      8/12/1889       112 Long Branch 
Vernon,James A          50      9/ 5/1889       112 Truce Branch 
Vernon,M E              200     9/13/1889       112 Cutshin & Wolf  
Wells,Elihu             100     9/20/1889       113 Wilsons Fork 
Wells,Elihu             50      9/20/1889       113 Poles Creek 
Wells,George            25      9/ 6/1890       114 BranchCutshin M ForkKy  
Wells,George            50      9/20/1889       114 Polls Creek 
Wells,George            50      9/20/1889       114 Bear Creek 
Wells,Ira               50      5/ 3/1882       102 Polls Creek 
Wells,James             40      9/23/1890       115 Polls Creek 
Wells,Phillip           50      9/20/1890       114 Cutshin Creek 
Wells,Wm                100     1/27/1890       113 Big Lick Fork
Wells,Wm                50      6/18/1890       115 Wooten Branch 
Wilder,Jno              20      5/19/1891       116 Upper Jacks Creek 
Wilder,John             50      1/16/1890       114 Jacks Creek 
Wilder,John             50      9/ 3/1888       112 Oakley Cave Fork 
Williams,Aderson        150     9/ 3/1889       112 Cutshin Hollow  
Williams,Andrew         50      5/ 3/1882       102 Polls Creek 
Williams,Isaac          50      12/24/1889      113 Poles Creek 
Williams,Jackson        100     5/ 2/1882       102 Polls Creek
Williams,James          50      7/24/1890       114 Polls Creek 
Wilson,Alisea           10      5/22/1909       123 Big Branch Beech Fork 
Wilson,B P              150     12/17/1887      110 Trace Branch 
Wilson,B P              33      1/13/1911       123 Buck Hollow War Branch 
Wilson,George           25      7/31/1889       112 Big Branch Buck Fork 
Wilson,George           25      8/22/1890       114 Beech Fork 
Wilson,George           37 1/2  8/22/1890       114 None  
Wilson,George           37 1/2  8/21/1890       114 Maroin Branch 
Wilson,Joseph           50      3/27/1890       114 M Fork Ky R  
Wilson,Lincoln          25      6/21/1898       118 ForkStone Coal  
Wilson,Noah             25      3/11/1890       114 M ForkBeech Fork 
Wilson,Peter            10      8/25/1899       119 r h ForkPeter Branch 
Wilson,Peter            10      8/15/1899       119 Beech Fork
Wilson,Peter            10      8/14/1899       119 Marrian Branch 
Wilson,Peter            10      8/1899          119 Dry Fork 
Wilson,Peter            50      3/ 3/1882       104 Brek Fork 
Wilson,Peter            50      3/ 3/1882       104 Stone Coal Branch 
Wilson,Peter            50      8/21/1883       104 Marion Branch 
Wilson,Peter            50      8/21/1883       108 Marion Branch 
Wilson,R L              150     10/28/1889      112 Beech Fork
Wilson,R M              10      10/ 8/1906      122 Big BranchGrace Branch 
Wilson,R M              25      10/ 8/1906      122 Simes BranchLong Hollow  
Wilson,Richard L        50      2/28/1883       108 Beech Fork 
Woods,Abijah            50      12/12/1889      113 Thousand Sticks  
Woods,Felix J           50      6/16/1888       111 Hell for Certain  
Woods,Felix J           50      7/22/1887       111 Bull Creek
Woods,Jno G             200     8/19/1887       109 Thousand Sticks Branch 
Woods,Joseph            100     12/18/1889      113 Thousand Sticks Branch 
Woods,Lilbum            50      12/12/1889      113 Bull Creek 
Woods,Mahaley           25      9/21/1887       111 Thousand Stick  
Woods,Mahaley           75      9/21/1887       111 ForkThousand Sticks  
Woods,Willard           30      5/ 5/1921       125 Elkhorn Creek
Woods,Wm                175     4/16/1884       112 Big Branch 
Woods,Wm                25      10/28/1890      115 Bull Creek 
Woods,Wm                25      5/21/1888       112 Thousand Sticks  
Wooten,W D              50      1/ 8/1891       115 Grassey Branch 
Wooten,Wm               37      10/10/1905      122 Sugar Camp  
Wooten,Wm H             50      9/29/1890       115 M Fork 
Yates,A H               25      5/ 1/1903       120 Wolf & Greasy Fks  
Yates,Isaac             100     10/ 1/1889      113 Rockhouse Fork 
York,Crittenden         50      1/ 9/1883       105 White Oak Fork 
York,Crittenden         50      1/ 7/1883       105 White Oak Fork 
York,Crittenden         50      11/21/1889      112 White Oak Creek 
York,Crittenden K       25      11/22/1889      112 White Oak  
York,Crittenden K       25      11/22/1889      112 White Oak Creek 
York,James D            100     8/20/1884       109 Greasy Fork 
York,James D            100     8/20/1884       109 Greasy Fork
York,John J             50      7/25/1890       114 Coon Creek 
York,Rebecca            25      11/22/1889      112 White Oak  
York,Rebecca            25      11/21/1889      112 White Oak Creek 
York,Rebecca            75      11/22/1889      112 White Oak  
York,Wm                 50      1/ 9/1883       105 Greasy Fork 
Young,Arch              200     6/19/1886       108 Sugar Creek