Misc. Marriage Records, Leslie County, Ky


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 12-06-2009

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All Information taken from Records Books found in Hyden, Leslie County, KY during July 2002 by Lennie and Diane Roark. Please note there are many other marriages other than the ones listed.

Marriage Book 1: 10/1878 – 1/1885

Brock/Mosley:  Elijah Brock, Principal, born Clay Co., KY, Amon Brock, Surity, (Father), born Harlan Co., KY, Mother: Born Clay Co., KY. Elijah: 19 yrs. old and Angeline Mosley:  21 yrs. old, She and her parents were born in Clay Co., KY. Wedding date: Sept. 29, 1870. Signed: J.S. Melton, Clerk and Witness: J.J. Hensley.(page 86)

Brock/Rice:  Solomon Brock and Chinie Rice page 176  Solomon: age 52, 2nd marriage and Chinie: age 28, born Knox Co., KY. Wedding date: Dec. 6, 1882.

Gross/Wilson: Edmond Gross and Myrtle Wilson, page 216, Dated:  April 23, 1914, Leslie Co., KY, at J.B. Wilson residence, Witnesses: Joe Slusher and J.B. Helton

Gross/Brock:  William Gross and Sarah Brock page 238  Dated Nov. 25, 1914, at Eph (NOTE: Ephraim) Brock’s residence in Leslie Co., KY. Witnesses: Eph Brock, Barbara Helton, John Brock, Bernice Brock. Performed by R. Caldwell, J.P.

Roark/Roark:  John Roark, Jr. to Lizzie Roark  page 184  Wedding Date: Feb. 8, 1913 at John C. Roark’s residence in Leslie Co., KY. Witnesses: John H. Napier,  John C. Roark, and Elijah Simpson. Performed by: R. Caldwell, J.P.

Roark/Nolan:  James Roark and Mella Nolan page 204  Wedding: July 15, 1912 at grasse yeard on Oakly Fork, Leslie County. Witnesses: Dillion Sizemore and Frank Nolan. Performed by E.L. Osborne, MS

Roark/Smith:  Elhannon Roark and Linda Smith  page 210  Dated: Feb. 14, 1914 at Miller Smith’s  in Leslie County. Witnesses: Frank Smith, Reynold Bowling and Hughes Smith. Performed by: James Bowling, J.P.

Roark/Smith:   D.B. Roark and Dosha Smith  page 234 Dasted: Aug. 17, 1914 at A.B. Dixon’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: W.S. Young and Nancy Dixon. Performed by: W.H. Mattingly

Roark/Collett:   page 256  Dated: September 8, 1915 at Roark, Leslie County. Witnesses: M.C. Collett, Phebe Sizemore. Performed by: Thomas Slusher.

Roark/Collett:  Loyd Roark and Polly Collett  page 254  Loyd: born in Leslie County, parents born in Clay County, 21 yrs. old. Polly: born in Leslie County, parents born in Clay County, 17 yrs. old. Dated: July 13, 1915 at Dillion Collett’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: Dillion Collett and Virgil Collett. Signed (Performed by) Wm. Collett, Minister.

Roark/Roark:  John L. Roark and Dora B. Roark  page 270  John: 23 yrs. old and Dora 21 yrs. old. Dated: Nov. 30, 1915 at W.D. Roark’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: W.D. Roark and Willie Brock. Performed by W.C. Collett, Minister.

Roark/Baker:  Lawrence Roark and Lucy Baker  Lawrence: 21 yrs. old, born in Leslie County, first marriage. Lucy: 23 yrs. old, born in Lelsie County, 2nd marriage. Dated Dec. 10, 1915.

Brock/Collett:  John Brock and Laura Collett at Roark, Leslie Co., KY. Witnesses: Martha and Willie Brock.  Performed by: W.C. Collett, Minister  page 271

Brock/Gross:  Jack Brock (age 27) and Amy Gross (age 21) in Lelsie County. Dated May 1, 1916.

Book 3 February 1896 – September 1916:

Whitehead/Brock:  Levi Whitehead and Mahala Brock  Wedding: Feb. 22, 1908 at Peter Wilson’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: Julia and Lawrence Wilson. Performed by Peter Wilson, Minister.  page 80

Whitehead/Caldwell:  William Whitehead and Rebecca Caldwell  page 102  Wedding: Nov. 20, 1909 at Green Caldwell’s in Leslie County. Witnesses: Green and John Caldwell. Signed:  John M. Caldwell

Whitehead/Collett:  Farmer Whitehead and Alice Collett   page 186  Wedding: Aug. 21, 1913 at Polly Asher’s in Lelsie County. Witnesses:  J.H. Asher, Polly Asher, and Nancy Asher. Performed by G.R. Caldwell, J.P.

Whitehead/Saylor:  H.M. Whitehead and Martha Saylor   page 192  Dated: July 6, 1913 at Mile Branch in Leslie County. Witnesses: Henry Morgan and James Slusher. Signed: S.L. Saylor.

Whitehead/Day:  James Whitehead (21 yrs. old) and Lula Day (18 yrs. old)  page 252  Dated: June 16, 1915 at Isaac Day’s in Leslie County. James: 21 yrs. old, born in Leslie County, Father born in Clay County and Mother born in Leslie County. Lula: 18 yrs. old, born in Leslie County, Father born in Perry County and Mother born in Perry County.

Marriage Book 4:

Asher/Fairchild:  J.B Gross, minister: Jacob Asher married to Polly Fairchild Feb. 6, 1886

Brock/Brock:  John Brock to Mary Brock Oct. 16, 1900 Marr. by J.J. Hensley at Dillion Sizemore’s in Lelsie County, Oct. 11, 1900. Witnesses: Dillion Sizemore
The (NOTE: Theophilus )Brock

Brock/Rice:  Dec. 4, 1882 Solomon Brock and Chinie Rice. Perforned by J.B. Gross at Joseph Baker’s, Leslie County, Dec. 16, 1882. Witnesses: Jos. Baker and Evaline Baker

Brock/Napier:  Washington Brock and Elizabeth Napier by Wm. Templeton, Rev. at Johnathan Hensley’s in Leslie County, Sept. 26, 1886. Witnesses: Wm. Slusher and Harvy Hensley

Brock/Roark:  Ephraim Brock and Martha Roark by William Templeton, Minister of the Gospel at Thimothy Pennington’s in Lelsie County, Oct. 26, 1887. Witnesses: Thimothy Pennington and Wm. Roark

Baker/Roark:  James Baker to Elizabeth Roark by Wm. Templeton at Leslie County, KY on Oct. 28, 1887. Witnesses: Lincoln Wilson and Delaney Bowlin

Belcher/Gross: David Belcher and Sarah Gross married by A.B. Gross at Richard Gross’s at Lesllie County May 18, 1892. Witnesses: Z.B. (B.R.?) Caldwell and William Belcher

Brock/Collett:  Alexander Brock and Mattie Belle Collett by D.W. Sisemore at P.L. Collett’s in Leslie County Dec. 2, 1893. Witnesses: The (Theophilus) Brock and Caloway Hoskins

Patrick/Brock:  Amon Brock and Hettie Patrick  by J.B. Gross at Schoolhouse in Leslie County, KY, Dec. 1, 1894. Witnesses: J.C. Napier and W.S. Mosley

Brock/Gross:  Sampson Brock and Alabama Gross by Joseph Caldwell at Richard Gross’s in Leslie County, KY on March 10, 1896. Witnesses: John Gross’s and Joshua Caldwell

Boling/Roark:  William Boling and Burly Roark by Johnathan Hensley at J.J. Hensley’s in Leslie County, April 30, 1893. Witnesses: W.H. Hensley and John C. Roark

Collett/Pope:  Ingram Collett to Elizabeth Pope by Wm. Templeton at E.W. Robinson’s in Leslie County, Nov. 5, 1886. Witnesses: Stokley Bowlin and E.W. Robinson

Caldwell/Brock:  Jacob Caldwell  to Matildia Brock, b. J.B. Gross, minister at J.B. Gross’s in Leslie County, Feb. 6, 1887. Witnesses: Andrew Brock and Joseph Caldwell (Page 18)

Callihan/Lewis:  Isaac Callihan and Rachel Lewis by John M. Day, Minister, at John M. Day’s, Leslie County, A;ril 13, 1894. Witnesses: Henry Coots and Catherine Day (page 20)

Couch/Whitehead:  Taylor Couch to Nancy Whitehead by W.B. Eversole at Hyden, Leslie County, May 29, 1893. Witnesses: Clark Eversole and J.L. Maggard

Whitehead/Helton:  Millard Whitehead to Sarah Helton by Wm. Gross at James Helton’s in Leslie County, March 11, 1886. Witnesses: James & Robert Helton

Whitehead/Baker:  Dec. 21, 1887 Taylor Whitehead and Becca Jane Baker by Levi Pennington at Levi Pennington’s, Lesllie County, Dec. 25, 1888. Witnesses: John Baker and Hewy Day

Whitehead/Pennington:  March 21, 1893  Joshua Whitehead and Candy Pennington by Rev. Isaac M. Day at J.M. Day’s residence, Leslie County, March 23, 1893. Witnesses: W.M. Day and Cety Pennington (page 145)

Whitehead/Gross:   Feb. 5, 1893 Wm. Whitehead and Margaret Gross by R.J. Shepherd, JPLC at J.B. Gross’s in Leslie County, Feb. 5, 1893. Witnesses: John Whitehead and Wm. Muncy

Whitehead/Collett:  Feb. 24, 1894  James Whitehead and Martha Collett by J.B. Gross at Wm. Muncy’s, Leslie County, Feb. 25, 1894. Witnesses: D.W. Sizemore and W.C. Collett (page 146)

Whitehead/Muncy:  Dec. 6, 1895  Carter Whitehead and Sarah Muncy by J.B. Gross, Bishop, at H.W. Hays’s, Leslie County, Dec. 6, 1895. Witnesses: H.W.  Hays and Mall Griffith

Whitehead/North:  May 18, 1895  John Whitehead and Cathern North by J.J. Hensley at J.J. Hensley’s, Leslie County, May 18, 1893 (just as it is written). Witnesses: Lige North and John Roark

Whitehead/Griffiths:  April 11, 1896  John Whitehead to Catherine Griffiths  by Blevins Sizemore at A.B. Griffiths, Leslie County, April 11, 1896. Witnesses: Ance Roberts and B.S. Griffiths

Whitehead/Begley:  Jan. 22, 1896  William Whitehead to Margaret Begley by Rev. H.H. Bailey at Gran Begley’s, Leslie County, Jan. 22, 1896. Witnesses: Robert and Jesse B. Begley

Whitehead/Brown:  March 17, 1899 Farmer Whitehead and Alabama Brown by J.J. Hensley , Minister, at Jas. Whitehead’s, Leslie County, March 17, 1899. Witnesses: James Whitehead and Samuel Mosley

Whitehead/Saylor:  August 21, 1898 Henry Whitehead and Martha Saylor by A.B.(?) Gross, Leslie County, August 21, 1898. Witnesses: E.L. Howard and Frank Gross

Whitehead/Wells:  August 7, 1903  Pillip Wells and Susan Whitehead by A.P. Shepherd, M.G. at Cutshin, Leslie County,, August 8, 1903. Witnesses: Sylvania and Rebecca Shepherd (page 151)

Whitehead/Farmer:  Feb. 25, 1904  Henry Whitehead to Lucy Farmer by Jos. Caldwell at James Farmer’s, Leslie County, Feb. 25, 1904. Witnesses: James Farmer and John Hill

Marriage Book 4:

Rourk (Roark)/Collett:  Page 113  James Rourk (Roark) and Martha Collett, by Wm. Templeton, Minister of the Gospel, at Wm. Templeton’s  house, Oct. 27, 1887. Witnesses: Elizabeth Templeton and Feriby Brock

Roark/Sisemore:  Hance Roark and Sarah Sisemore, by Blevins Sizemore, at Robert Sizemore’s home, Leslie Co., KY  on May 2, 1890. Witnesses: John Sisemore and James Roark

Roard (Roark?)/Simpson:  Carter Roard (Roark?) and Nancy Simpson, by J.M. Caldwell, Minister, at Calvin Saylor’s home, Leslie Co., KY, Jan. 23, 1890. Witnesses: The (NOTE: Theophilus) Brock and Ingram Collett

Roark/Templeton:  March 15, 1891  John Roark, Jr. to Feby Jane Templeton by D.W. Sisemore, JDLC, at D. W. Sizemore’s, March 15, 1892 (as it is written). Witnesses: John B. Napier and Andrew Simpson

Roark/Brown:  Nov. 30, 1891  Wade Roark and Mintie Brown by J.J. Hensley, at John Brown’s in Leslie Co., KY on Dec. 31, 1891. Witnesses: George Brown and Silas Nance

Roark/Sisemore:  June 22, 1892  Boone Roark and Louisy Sisemore, by D.W. Sizemore at Hance Roark’s in Leslie Co., KY, Nov. 23, 1892. Witnesses: E.W. Sizemore and James Sisemore

Marriage Book 7  Nov 1884 – Nov 1894

Whitehead/Baker: #182 Taylor Whitehead and Becca Jane Baker, Dec. 21, 1887. Taylor: Living in Leslie Co., KY, 21 yrs. old, b. Clay Co., KY, farmer. Becca Jane: 17, living in Leslie Co., KY, she and her parents were born in Perry Co., KY.

Marriage Book 8: 4/1906 – 12/1909

Whitehead/Pennington:  #6  John Whitehead to Hulda Pennington on May 5, 1906. John: Living in Leslie County, 21, Farming, born Leslie County, KY. John’s father: Jackson (NOTE: Andrew Jackson) Whitehead, Mother: Amy (NOTE: Pennington) Whitehead, born Perry County, KY. Hulda: Living in Leslie County, KY, 22, born in Leslie County, KY, Father: Green Pennington and Mother: Betty Pennington, born Perry County, KY.

Whitehead/Caldwell:  #466  William Whitehead to Rebecca Caldwell, Nov. 19, 1909. William: Born in Lelsie County, 3rd marriage, farmer, born Clay County, KY, Name of father: William Whitehead, Name of Mother: Madeline Doling (NOTE: Boling?). Rebecca: Living in Perry County, 2nd marriage, born in Perry County, KY.

Marriage Book 10A:

Gross/Wilson:  Edmond Gross: Residing in Leslie County, Number of marriages: 1, Occupation: Farmer, to Myrtle Wilson, Residing in Leslie County, KY, Number of marriages: 1, Born in Leslie County, Father and Mother born in Clay County. Included is a note from her father giving permission for this marriage to take place. Witnessed: April 18, 1914 (#17)

Gross/Brock:  William Gross Residing in Bell County, 38 years old, Occupation: Farming, Born in Harlan Co., KY, Parents born in Harlan Co., KY, to Sarah Brock, Born in Leslie County, KY, Parents born in Clay County, KY, also 38 years old, Second marriage for her, Dated: October 14, 1914.



Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 12-06-2009

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Know all men by these present that I H.L. Napier being of sound mind and disposing memory do make this which I declare to be my last will and testament here by revoking all testimony documented, which I may here to fore have written or signed.  I give and bequeath to my oldest daughter Nancy a certain tract of land lying on the head of Trace Fork and Short Creek; this is to be hers in addition to what I may here after bequeath to her.  I give my son William a tract of land lying on the Trace fork of Mintsey ??  Creek on Sugar Camp Branch containing about one hundred acres and I hereby require my son William to pay to my wife or in the event of her death to my five girls the sum of fifty dollars, which sum of fifty dollars is to go towards paying what I owe on the house place. I give to my son A.B. Napier a certain tract of land laying on Minstey Creek below where he now lives and I require him to pay fifty dollars in the same manner and way as I required William to do.  I give my son Lincoln Napier a certain tract of land laying on Mintsey Creek and adjoining that which I give to my son A.B. Napier requiring my son Lincoln to pay fifty dollars in the same way and manner as I have required of my two sons William and A.B.   I desire and give to my three, William, A.B. and Lincoln to have a lot of Poplar Timbers that I own on the lands of R.E. Smith.  I give to my wife Kissie all of my home farm and other effects to have and enjoy the same during her life and at her death to be equally divided between my five girls, Nancy Napier, Sarah Jane Napier, Mourning Woods, Mollie Napier, and Rebecca Napier.  In witness where of I have set my hand 31st. day of September 1885.
H.L. Napier
E. Hubbard
Carr Couch
James Woods
(Notes on side)
All signed June 18, 1890 (except a Catherine Napier signed instead of Nancy Napier)
This is to certify that the above was procured in open court and is being stated that this was the will of H.L. Napier, the original having been lost or destroyed.

****  Transcribers note– H.L. Napier was married to Kissie Sizemore (daughter of John “Rockhouse” Sizemore and Nancy Bowling)
***  H.L. Napier and Kissie had one more child, not mentioned in his will.  His name was James Napier  (he was killed by William Sizemore, prior to the death of H.L. Napier)

submitted by Phyllis Sizemore Hefelfinger

Will of James B. Napier


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 12-06-2009

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Know all men by these present that I James B. Napier of the county of Leslie and the state of Kentucky, being in ill health and sound and dispensing mind and memory do make and publish this my last will and testament, all former wills made by me at any time here to fore and as to my worldly estate and all the property real, personally as mixed of which I shall die sayed and proposed or to which I shall be entitled to at the time of my demise I divide, bequeath dispense of there of in a manner following to wit:  I do here by will my home farm which consists of one hundred and fifty acres to my wife Sidney Napier during her lifetime for the propose of supporting herself and infant children and after her death it falls to Jacob Napier my youngest son, also I do will the rest of my land lying on the Beech Fork, except the rocky hollow including the eland I bought from Solomon Buckheart, to John Napier my son, also a cow and three calves and one rifle gun that he has claimed here to fore, also I do will Susan Napier my daughter one yearly heifer that she has claimed here to fore, also I have one steer and two bulls and one cow and calf, I do will to my wife Sidney Napier as her own property also my mare and mule colt to her the same and twelve head of hogs.  I do also make William Gross power of attorney to collect all my debts.  In testimony where to I the said James B. Napier have to this my last will and testament contained on sheet of paper there have subscribed my name and fix my seal this the 18th November 1884.  Signed sealed and published and declared by said James B. Napier for his last will and testimony in the presence of who at his request and his proclamation and in presence of each other have subscribed our names as witness there to.

WM. Gross                                    his
S.C. Buckheart      X  James B. Napier
George Buckheart            mark

I do certify that the fore going will was recorded in my office, given under my hand this the 15th day of December 1884.
J.M. Howard

submitted by Phyllis Sizemore Hefelfinger

Leslie County Court Records, Pension Dropped for Martha Osborne Napier


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 16-05-2009

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Louisville, Kentucky
August 2, 1907

Certificate No. 510.897
Class    widow
Pensioner   Martha Napier
Soldier       Ezekial Napier
Service      Private, Company L, 14th Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry

The Commissioner of Pensions

Sir: I have the honor to report that the above- named pensioner who was last paid at $8.00, to November 4, 1906, has been dropped because of death January 15, 1907

Very Respectfully,

A Wood
United States Pension Agent

Leslie County Court Records, Martha Osborne Napier


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 16-05-2009

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State of Kentucky, County of Leslie

In the matter of the application of MARTHA NAPIER, pension claim, widow of EZEKIAL NAPIER, private, Company L, 14th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry
On this 4th day of March, A.D. 1901, personally appeared before me, a County Court Clerk in and for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, TAYLOR SIZEMORE aged about 40 years, a citizen of Leslie County and State of Kentucky and JAMES N. NAPIER, aged 48 years, a citizen of  Leslie County and State of Kentucky whose post office address is Hyden, Kentucky, well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declares in relation to aforesaid case as follows:
Taylor Sizemore states that he lived a neighbor to the said Martha and Ezekial Napier at and prior to the death of the said Ezekial Napier at the time of his death and was present and helped to bury him and that he departed this life on the 5th day of September 1899

James N. Napier states that he lived a neighbor to the above named parties at and prior to the death of the above named Ezekial Napier and that he departed this life the 5th day of September 1899 and that he officiated in the burial, which was on the 6th day of September 1899.

They further declare that they have no interest in said claim and is not concerned in its prosecution.
William M. Howard                                                                  Taylor X Sizemore
John Lewis                                                                                 James N. Napier

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 18th day of May, 1901
James M. Howard
Clerk, Leslie County Court

Leslie County Court Records, Martha Osborne Napier


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 16-05-2009

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State of Kentucky, County of Leslie

In the matter of the application of MARTHA NAPIER, pension claim, widow of EZEKIAL NAPIER, private, Company L, 14th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry
Personally appeared before me, a County Court Clerk in and for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, JOHN DAVIDSON aged 56 years, a citizen of, Leslie County and State of Kentucky and whose post office address is Hyden, Kentucky, well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declares in relation to aforesaid case as follows:
I was acquainted with the above named soldier at and prior to his enlistment into the said service. I lived a near neighbor to this soldier ever since the war until his death. He had the appearance of a sound and healthy man at his enlistment and sometime shortly after the war of the rebellion I noticed he was coughing and continued coughing and had lung troubles until his death. I believe from my own knowledge and acquaintance with said soldier and by being a near neighbor to him that the above named disease was the sole cause of the death and from what I know of him I believe he contracted same while in the said service and further state he had no physician with him in his last illness.
I further declare that I have no interest in said claim and am not concerned in its prosecution.

John Davidson
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 20th day of February, 1901
James M. Howard
Clerk, Leslie County Court

Leslie County Court Records, Martha Osborne Napier


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 16-05-2009

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State of Kentucky, County of Leslie

In the matter of the application of MARTHA NAPIER, pension claim, widow of EZEKIAL NAPIER
Personally appeared before me, a County Court Clerk in and for the aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, FRANKIE SIZEMORE aged 58 years, a citizen of, Leslie County and State of Kentucky and whose post office address is Hyden, Kentucky, well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who, being duly sworn, declares in relation to aforesaid case as follows:
That she is a sister to Martha Napier and further states that she was present and saw Martha Osborne now Martha Napier and Ezekial Napier married and that they were married at the house of Rainey Napier in Clay County, Kentucky on or about _ day of July 1860. That Lilburn Woods J.P.C.C. married them and they lived together until his death. I further state neither of them were ever married to any other person and further state that this claimant has not remarried since the death of her late husband Ezekial Napier.
I further declare that I have no interest in said claim and am not concerned in its prosecution.

John Lewis
John Couch                                                                                  Frankie X Sizemore

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 19th day of January, 1901
James M. Howard
Clerk, Leslie County Court

Leslie County Court Records on Martha Osborne Napier


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 16-05-2009

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State of Kentucky, County of Leslie

On this 9th day of March 1900
Personally appeared before me a County Court Clerk within and for the County and State aforesaid, MARTHA NAPIER, widow of Ezekial Napier deceased, age 55 years, a resident of Leslie County, Kentucky and whose post office is Hyden, Kentucky, who being duly sworn according to law declares that she is the identical Martha Napier who married Ezekial Napier on the 22nd day of July 1860 under the name of Martha Osburn.
The affiant further declares that she does not know why nor how that her name appears Nancy Osburn in the copy of the license and that her name is Martha and as always been so and that same must be mistake of the Clerk.

Witness:                                                                                               her
J.M. Howard                                                                            Martha X Napier
John Lewis

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 9th day of March 1900
J.M. Howard, Clerk

A letter from Teresa Baker


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 18-03-2009

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Tensley Davidson and he was actually the third son of Noah and Mary. He was in a mining fatality in 1986. My mother is Brenda Isaacs Davidson from Madison County Ky. Anyway back to my dad, They had 9 sons and 3 daughters. Two of the sons died at a very early age, and I had an aunt to die in a fire when she was 5. She was in the somke house smoking cornsilks and caught her dress on fire. There is so much I would like to share with you just let me know what you would like to know and I will do my best to help and if I don’t know I will get in touch with my family and try to find out for you. Did you know that there is multiple sets of twins in our family? I’m sure you do, however, I am a twin. well anyway feel free to ask me.

For instance, my Grandpa Noah was crippled by rhumitoid arthritis at 29 and Grandma took care of him until her death. I don’t know if that is the kind of stuff you are interested in or not. Again, just let me know!!

Your New Friend,

About the Cherokee Indian Tribe


Posted by Carolyn | Posted in Geneology | Posted on 18-03-2009


Cherokee Indian Tribe

Cherokee. A powerful detached tribe of the Iroquoian family, formerly holding the whole mountain region of the south Alleghenies, in southwest Virginia, western North Carolina and South Carolina, north Georgia, east Tennessee, and northeast Alabama, and claiming even to the Ohio River.

The tribal name is a corruption of Tsál?g? or Tsár?g?, the name by which they commonly called themselves, and which may be derived from the Choctaw chiluk-ki ‘cave people’, in allusion to the numerous caves in their mountain country. They sometimes also call themselves Ani’-Yûñ’-wiyd’, ‘real people,’ or An?’-Kitu’hwag?, ‘people of Kituhwa’, one of their most important ancient settlements. Their northern kinsmen, the Iroquois, called them Oyata’ge’ronoñ’, ‘inhabitants of the cave country’ (Hewitt), and the Delawares and connected tribes called them Kittuwa, from the settlement already noted. They seem to be identical with the Rickohockans, who invaded central Virginia in 1658, and with the ancient Talligewi, of Delaware tradition, who were represented to have been driven southward from the upper Ohio River region by the combined forces of the Iroquois and Delawares.

The language has three principal dialects:
(1) Elat?, or Lower, spoken on the heads of Savannah River, in South Carolina and Georgia;

(2) Middle, spoken chiefly on the waters of Tuckasegee River, in western North Carolina, and now the prevailing dialect on the East Cherokee reservation;

(3) A’t?li, Mountain or Upper, spoken throughout most of upper Georgia, east Tennessee, and extreme western North Carolina. The lower dialect was the only one which had the r sound, and is now extinct. The upper dialect is that which has been exclusively used in the native literature of the tribe.

Traditional, linguistic, and archeological evidence shows that the Cherokee originated in the north, but they were found in possession of the south Allegheny region when first encountered by De Soto in 1540. Their relations with the Carolina colonies began 150 years later. In 1736 the Jesuit (?) Priber started the first mission among them, and attempted to organize their government on a civilized basis. In 1759, under the leadership of A’ganstâ’ta (Oconostota), they began war with the English of Carolina. In the Revolution they took sides against the Americans, and continued the struggle almost without interval until 1794. During this period parties of the Cherokee pushed down Tennessee River and formed new settlements at Chickamauga and other points about the Tennessee-Alabama line. Shortly after 1800, missionary and educational work was established among theme, and in 1820 they adopted a regular form of government modeled on that of the United States. In the meantime large numbers of the more conservative Cherokee, wearied by the encroachments of the whites, had crossed the Mississippi and made new homes in the wilderness in what is now Arkansas. A year or two later Sequoya (q. v.), a mixed-blood, invented the alphabet, which at once raised them to the rank of a literary people.

At the height of their prosperity gold was discovered near the present Dahlonega, Ga., within the limits of the Cherokee Nation, and at once a powerful agitation was begun for the removal of the Indians. After years of hopeless struggle under the leadership of their great chief, John Ross, they were compelled to submit to the inevitable, and by the treaty of New Echota, Dec. 29, 1835, the Cherokee sold their entire remaining territory and agreed to remove beyond the Mississippi to a country there to be set apart for them-the present (1905) Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory. The removal was accomplished in the winter of 1838-39, after considerable hardship and the loss of nearly one-fourth of their number, the unwilling Indians being driven out by military force and making the long journey on foot. On reaching their destination they reorganized their national government, with their capital at Tahlequah, admitting to equal privileges the earlier emigrants, known as “old settlers.” A part of the Arkansas Cherokee had previously gone down into Texas, where they had obtained a grant of land in the east part of the state from the Mexican government. The later Texan revolutionists refused to recognize their rights, and in spite of the efforts of Gen. Sam Houston, who defended the Indian claim, a conflict was precipitated, resulting, in 1839, in the killing of the Cherokee chief, Bowl (q. v.), with a large number of his men, by the Texan troops, and the expulsion of the Cherokee from Texas.

When the main body of the tribe was removed to the west, several hundred fugitives escaped to the mountains, where hey lived as refugees for a time, until, in 1842, through the efforts of Win. H. Thomas, an influential trader, they received permission to remain on lands set apart for their use in western North Carolina.

They constitute the present eastern band of Cherokee, residing chiefly on the Qualla reservation in Swain and Jackson counties, with several outlying settlements.

The Cherokee in the Cherokee Nation were for years divided into two hostile factions, those who had favored and those who had opposed the treaty of removal. Hardly had these differences they been adjusted when the civil war burst upon them. Being slave owners and surrounded by southern influences, a large part of each of the Five Civilized Tribes of the territory enlisted in the service of the Confederacy, while others adhered to the National Government. The territory of the Cherokee was overrun in turn by both armies, and the close of the war found them prostrated. By treaty in 1866 they were readmitted to the protection of the United States, but obliged to liberate their Negro slaves and admit them to equal citizenship. In 1867 and 1870 the Delawares and Shawnee, respectively, numbering together about 1,750, were admitted from Kansas and incorporated with the Nation. In 1889 Cherokee Commission (see Commission) was created for the purpose of abolishing the tribal governments and opening the territories to white settlement, with the result that after 15 years of negotiation an agreement was made by which the government of the Cherokee Nation came to a final end Mar. 3, 1906: the Indian lands were divided, and the Cherokee Indians, native adopted, became citizens of the United States.
The Cherokee have 7 clans, viz:
Ani’-wa’`ya (Wolf)
Ani’-Kaw?’ (Deer)
Ani’-Tsi’skwa (Bird)
Ani’-wi’d? (Paint)

The names of the last 3 cannot be translated with certainty. There is evidence that there were anciently 14, which by extinction or absorption have been reduced to their present number. The Wolf clan is the largest and most important. The “seven clans” are frequently mentioned in the ritual prayers and even in the printed laws of the tribe. They seem to have had a connection with the “seven mother towns” of the Cherokee, described by Cuming in 1730 as having each a chief, whose office was hereditary in the female line.

The Cherokee are probably about as numerous now as at any period in their history. With the exception of an estimate in 1730, which placed them at about 20,000, most of those up to a recent period gave them 12,000 or 14,000, and in 1758 they were computed at only 7,500. The majority of the earlier estimates are probably too low, as the Cherokee occupied so extensive a territory that only a part of them came in contact with the whites. In 1708 Gov. Johnson estimated them at 60 villages and “at least 500 men” (Rivers, So. Car., 238, 1856). In 1715 they were officially reported to number 11,210 (Upper, 2,760; diddle, 6,350; Lower, 2,100), including 4,000 warriors, and living in 60 villages (Upper, 19; Middle, 30; Lower, 11). In 1720 were estimated to have been reduced to about 10,000, and again in the same year reported at about 11,500, including about 3,800 warriors (Gov. Johnson’s Rep. in Rivers, op. cit., 93, 94, 103, 1874). In 1729 they were estimated at 20,000, with at least 6,000 warriors and 64 towns and villages (Stevens, Hist. Ga., r, 48, 1847).

They are said to have lost 1,000 warriors in 1739 from smallpox and rum, and they suffered a steady decrease during their wars with the whites, extending from 1760 until after the close of the Revolution. Those in their original homes had again increased to 16,542 at the time of their forced removal to the west in 1838, but lost nearly one-fourth on the journey, 311 perishing in a steamboat accident on the Mississippi. Those already in the west, before the removal, were estimated at about 6,000. The civil war in 1861-65 again checked their progress, but they recovered from its effects in a remarkably short time, and in 1885 numbered about 19,000, of whom about 17,000 were in Indian Territory, together with about 6,000 adopted whites, Negroes, Delawares, and Shawnee, while the remaining 2,000 were still in their ancient homes in the east.

Of this eastern band, 1,376 were on Qualla reservation, in Swain and. Jackson Counties, N. C.; about 300 are on Cheowah River, in Graham County, N. C., while the remainder, all of mixed blood, are scattered over east Tennessee, north Georgia, and Alabama. The eastern band lost about 300 by smallpox at the close of the civil war. In 1902 there were officially reported 28,016 persons of Cherokee blood, including all degrees of admixture, in the Cherokee Nation in the Territory, but this includes several thousand individuals formerly repudiated by the tribal courts.

There were also living in the nation about 3,000 adopted Negro freedmen, more than 2,000 adopted whites, and about 1700 adopted Delaware, Shawnee, and other Indians. The tribe has a larger proportion of white admixture than any other of the Five Civilized Tribes. See Mooney, Myths of the Cherokee, 19th Rep. B. A. E., 1902; Royce,’ Cherokee Nation, 5th Rep. B. A. E., 1887